||(abbr. for Kuzey) N. (North, Northern).
||(abbr. for Kara Kuvvetleri) the Ground Forces.
||1. rough, coarse. 2. vulgar, rude. 3. rough (calculation,
guess). 4. crudely made. 5. having coarse grains. 6. puffy, puffed
up; thick (carpet). 7. buttocks. ––sını almak /ın/ 1. to give (a
place) a lick and a promise; to clean up (something) quickly. 2. to
give (something) a rough form, roughhew. –– et buttocks. –– iş a
piece of crude workmanship. –– kâğıt coarse wrapping paper. –– saba
1. coarse, vulgar. 2. careless, sloppy (work). –– sofu religious
bigot in the extreme. –– un coarse flour.
||1. somewhat grown up; biggish. 2. rather crude; rather roughly
||1. in a rude way, grossly. 2. roughly,
||1. swaggering, rough-and-ready fellow, tough guy. 2. tough,
gutsy; manly. 3. swaggering. 4. colloq. the best (of
||1. swaggering toughness. 2. acting tough. –– etmek to behave in
a tough, swaggering way. –– taslamak to play the tough.
||,-ti 1. fault, offense. 2. misdemeanor. –– atmak /a/ to accuse
(someone), charge (someone) with a fault. –– bende. It is my fault.
–– bulmak /da/ to find fault (with). –– işlemek/yapmak to do
something wrong; to violate a rule. ––i yüklemek /a/ to
||guilty, at fault, in the wrong. –– çıkarmak /ı/ to show
(someone) to be the guilty party. –– çıkmak to be found to be at
fault, be found guilty.
||being at fault, guiltiness.
||not to blame, innocent.
||1. squash; vegetable marrow, zucchini; pumpkin; gourd. 2.
hashish pipe. 3. boorish, awkward. 4. tasteless, unripe
(watermelon). 5. bald. –– bastısı stewed vegetable marrow. ––
başına/başında patlamak colloq. to bear the brunt of
something; to catch the blame for something. –– çekirdeği pumpkin
seed. –– çekmek to smoke hashish. –– çıkmak (for a melon) to turn
out to be unripe. –– çiçeği gibi açılmak colloq. to start behaving
too unconstrainedly. –– dolması stuffed squash. –– gibi 1. bald. 2.
bare. 3. tasteless. –– kafalı 1. bald. 2. having a shaved head. 3.
stupid. –– kalyası squash cooked in butter. –– kızartması fried
squash. –– musakkası a dish made with squash, ground meat, and
onions. –– tadı vermek to become boring, become uninteresting, lose
its appeal. –– tatlısı a dessert prepared with boiled pumpkin,
walnuts, and sugar.
||/ı/ to prune (a tree) back to its trunk.
||to go bald.
||1. unripeness (in a watermelon). 2. boorishness, awkward
manners. 3. baldness.
||Judaism the Cabala.
||esoteric doctrine, cabala.
||a headgear worn by Ottoman soldiers in the First World
||1. to become rough or coarse. 2. to act rudely. 3. to use
||/ı/ to make (something, someone) rough, coarse, or crude.
||1. roughness, lack of finish. 2. coarseness, vulgarity. ––
etmek 1. to behave rudely. 2. to use coarse language.
||timbering, propping (in mines).
||1. hooded jacket. 2. half-length coat, jacket.
||1. hobnail. 2. ornamental brass-headed stud.
||1. hobnailed. 2. ornamented with studs.
||1. blister, med. bulla, bleb. 2. pimple, pustule. 3.
||1. to break out in blisters or pimples. 2. (for paint) to
blister, become blistered.
||1. blistered. 2. pimply. –– düzeç spirit level.
||cabaret, nightclub with a revue as entertainment. –– tiyatrosu
||1. swollen, puffed up. 2. blistered. 3. fluffy. 4. sticking
out/up, bulging out/up. –– deniz high tide.
||1. blister. 2. swelling; puffiness.
||1. rising; swelling. 2. high tide. 3. blistering. –– alçalma
||1. to swell up, become puffed up; to become fluffy. 2. (for a
liquid) to bubble up. 3. (for bread) to rise. 4. (for expenses,
figures) to increase, swell. 5. to stand on end, bristle. 6. (for
cloth, fiber) to fuzz out, become linty or nappy. 7. (for paint) to
blister. 8. (for dirt in the skin) to come to the surface in rolls.
9. to be full of oneself, be puffed up with self-importance. 10. to
act tough. 11. (for the sea) to get rough.
||1. swollen place, bulge. 2. blister.
||1. making something swell. 2. bas-relief. 3. relief, relievo.
4. relief, in relief. –– deri embossed leather. –– harita relief
||/ı/ to make (something) swell, puff up, or rise.
||embossed, ornamented with a raised design or relief.
||(someone) who has a bushy beard.
||1. roughly sketched out, roughly outlined. 2. in rough
||alfalfa, Brit. lucerne.
||Islam the Kaaba. ––i muazzama the Kaaba. –– örtüsü the black
cloth covering the Kaaba. –– toprağı soil from Mecca brought back
by a hadji.
||slang bar, barroom.
||,-bzı 1. constipation. 2. constipated. –– olmak 1. to be
constipated. 2. slang to be unemployed. 3. slang to be nonplussed,
be at a loss for words.
||constipation. –– çekmek to suffer from constipation.
||possible, feasible, practicable. ––i af law pardonable. ––
değil impossible, out of the question: Kabil değil, randevu
alamadım. My getting an appointment was out of the question. ––i
temyiz law appealable.
||sort, kind, category: Bu kabîl işleri sevmem. I don´t like jobs
of this sort. O kabîlden bir maceraydı işte. That´s the sort of
adventure it was. ––inden 1. (something) which resembles, which is
like, which is along the lines of: rakı kabîlinden bir içki a drink
resembling raki. 2. as: Onu tenkit kabîlinden söylemedim. I didn´t
say that as a criticism.
||1. sociol. clan; tribe. 2. bot. genus. –– reisi tribal
||,-ti ability, capability, competence.
||able, capable, competent.
||lacking in ability, incompetent.
||1. cabin (of an airplane or ship). 2. changing cubicle (at a
beach, in a store). 3. (telephone) booth. –– memuru airline steward
||1. cabinet, council of ministers. 2. (doctor´s) consulting
room. 3. changing cubicle (at a beach, in a store). 4. toilet. ––
çekilmek for a government to resign. –– düşmek for a government to
fall. –– toplantısı cabinet meeting.
||,-bri grave, tomb. –– azabı çekmek to suffer greatly. –– suali
sormak to pester someone with exasperating questions.
||(utility) cable, line, or cord; extension cord. –– çekmek to
string out a utility line. –– döşemek to lay down a utility line
(in the earth); to lay cable (in the sea). –– gemisi cable ship.
––lu televizyon cable television, cable TV.
||cabotage. –– gemisi coaster, coasting vessel.
||1. outer covering. 2. bark. 3. rind, peel, skin, hull (of a
fruit); pod, husk (of a vegetable or grain); shell (of a nut). 4.
(shellfish) shell. 5. eggshell. 6. crust. 7. scab (of a wound). 8.
anat. cortex. –– bağlamak to form a crust or scab. ––una çekilmek
to withdraw into one´s shell; to refuse to associate with others.
––unu soymak /ın/ to peel, strip, skin.
||1. to form a scab. 2. to grow bark.
||1. (something) that has a shell, skin, or bark. 2. crustaceous.
3. slang uncircumcised.
||1. peeled; shelled. 2. without bark. 3. without a shell. 4.
slang circumcised. –– yumurtlatmak /ı/ to hurry (someone) so much
that he does his work incompletely.
||,-lü 1. acceptance; assent: acquiescence. 2. receiving
(someone). 3. I accept it./I agree./I assent. ––ümdür. I willingly
give my consent. –– edilmek 1. to be accepted. 2. to be received
(into someone´s presence). –– etmek /ı/ 1. to accept; to consent,
agree to; to acquiesce in. 2. to receive (someone). –– ettirmek /ı,
a/ to get (something) accepted by. –– günü 1. day when a lady is at
home to receive her friends. 2. at-home, informal party given at
one´s home. –– odası official reception room. ––ü olmak to give
one´s consent willingly. –– olunmayacak duaya âmin demek to expect
the impossible. –– salonu reception room. –– ve tasdik etmek /ı/ to
||appropriation of another´s property as one´s own.
||/ı/ 1. to appropriate (something) for oneself. 2. to accept
unwillingly, comply with unwillingly.
||1. rib cage. 2. rib. 3. frame (of a timber ship). 4. arch. rib
(of a vault). ––ları çıkmak/sayılmak to be all skin and bones. ––
||(animal, thing) which has ribs; ribbed. –– tonoz arch. ribbed
||nightmare. –– basmak/çökmek /a/ to have a nightmare.
||1. (time) of nightmares. 2. nightmarish, dreadful.
||1. handle, butt (of a weapon). 2. slang a handful of hashish.
–– siperi hilt guard.
||fruit and vegetable wholesaler.
||the wholesale fruit and vegetable business.
||,-çı How many ... ?/How many? K––a? What is the price?/How much
is it? ––a kaç? What´s the score?/How does the game stand? ––ın
kurası an old hand, someone not easily fooled. ––a mal oldu? How
much did it cost? –– para eder? What´s it good for?/How far will it
get you? –– paralık adam/şey ki? colloq. He´s/It´s good for
nothing, I tell you. –– parça olayım? colloq. I wonder which of all
these jobs I should tackle first? –– tane? How many? –– yaşında?
How old is he/she? –– zamandır for a long time now.
||1. runaway, fugitive (person); truant (pupil); AWOL (soldier);
illegally employed. 2. contraband, smuggled. 3. illegal, illegally
done. 4. leak, leakage. 5. illegally; as contraband. –– av
poaching; hunting out of season. –– avcı poacher; out-of-season
hunter. –– eşya/mal smuggled goods. –– inşaat unlicensed
construction. –– kat a floor added to a building illegally. ––
kesim unlicensed butchering (of cattle). –– yapmak (for fluid, gas,
electricity) to leak.
||smuggler. –– gemisi smuggler´s ship.
||1. smuggling. 2. dealing in contraband goods. –– yapmak 1. to
smuggle. 2. to deal in contraband goods.
||avoiding a legal obligation; being a fugitive; desertion;
||1. doing something forbidden; doing something one shouldn´t do.
2. pretext, excuse; loophole. 3. refuge, safe place. 4. secret back
gate, postern. –– yapmak to do something forbidden; to do something
one shouldn´t do. –– yol pretext, excuse.
||dish made with cornmeal, water, and butter.
||evasive, elusive, noncommittal.
||How many ... each?: Herkes kaçar elma yedi? How many apples
each did everyone eat? –– kaçar? 1. How many ... in each group? 2.
How many ... at a time?
||,-çü the practice whereby some Muslim women veil their faces
and avoid contact with men not related to them.
||1. cracked, rather batty, a bit crazy. 2. (stocking) that has a
run in it. 3. run, Brit. ladder (in a stocking). 4. crooked,
||being rather batty; behaving a bit crazily.
||1. impersonal passive to run away, escape. 2. colloq. to get
out of the way.
||/dan/ to look for an excuse to avoid (doing
||(in an ordinal series) Which ...?: Kaçıncı sınıftasın? What
grade are you in?
||/dan/ to be avoided.
||inevitable, unavoidable, ineluctable.
||1. evasion. 2. a woman´s veilling herself and avoiding contact
with men not related to her.
||/dan/ 1. to avoid, get out of. 2. (for a woman) to avoid the
company of (men).
||1. to be kidnapped; (for a girl) to be abducted; to be
hijacked. 2. (for a vehicle, opportunity) to be missed.
||kidnapping; abduction; hijacking.
||1. /ı/ to help (someone) escape; to let (someone) escape. 2.
/ı/ to put an end to, spoil, upset (one´s sleep, pleasure, peace of
mind). 3. /ı/ to miss (a vehicle, a chance). 4. /ı/ to miss seeing
(a person, because he has left). 5. /ı/ to cause (someone) to go
away. 6. /ı/ to smuggle. 7. /ı/ to evade (taxes). 8. /ı/ to kidnap;
to abduct, carry off; to hijack; to steal. 9. /ı/ to carry
(something) to an extreme, take (something) too far. 10. to go mad,
go off one´s nut. 11. /ı/ to overlook, miss, omit. 12. /ı/ to leak
(oil, water, gas); to lose (electricity). 13. /a/ (for someone) to
wet or soil (his/her underwear).
||/a, ı/ 1. to have (someone) help (another) to escape. 2. to
cause (someone) to miss (a vehicle, a chance). 3. to cause
(someone) to miss seeing (another). 4. to have (someone) smuggle
(something). 5. to have (someone) kidnap, abduct, carry off,
hijack, or steal (something, someone). 6. to cause (someone) to
||1. flight, escape; desertion. 2. passing someone (in a
||to run away in various directions.
||deserter; fugitive; truant.
||1. How many (will it hold)?: Bu kutular kaçlı? How many will
these boxes hold? 2. of what value?: Bu iskambil kaçlı? How many
points is this card worth? 3. What´s his year (of birth,
graduation)?: Kaçlısınız? What year were you born in?
||1. worth how much?: Kaçlık kitap istiyorsunuz? How much do you
want to pay for a book? 2. of what size?: Kaçlık paket aldın? What
size packet did you buy? 3. of what age?: Bu adam kaçlık? How old
is this man?
||1. /dan/ to escape (from), flee; to desert; to run away (from);
to skip out of; to sneak off from. 2. /dan/ to get out of, avoid,
shirk (an obligation). 3. /dan/ to avoid, stay away from (someone,
a place). 4. /dan/ (for liquid, gas) to leak, leak out (of); (for
electricity) to escape from (something). 5. (for a stocking) to
run, Brit. ladder. 6. /a/ (for water, dust, an insect) to slip
into, get into, penetrate (one´s eye, ear, a container). 7. /a/ to
slip to (one side). 8. to disappear, go away without saying
good-bye. 9. /la/ to elope with. 10. to run fast. 11. (for one´s
sleep, peace of mind, good mood) to disappear, vanish, go away. 12.
/a/ to tend toward, verge on, be tinted with (exaggeration, malice,
another color). 13. to seem (rude, inopportune). 14. to turn out
(well, badly). Kaçan balık büyük olur. proverb One always imagines
the thing one has missed to be better than it actually was. kaçacak
delik aramak to look for a place to hide. kaçmaktan
kovalamaya/kovmaya vakti olmamak/vakit bulamamak/eli değmemek to be
so busy with important matters that one has no time for lesser
||runproof, non-running, Brit. non-laddering (stocking).
||big horse. –– gibi colloq. kingsize, kingsized, tall and
massively built (woman).
||1. as ... as: fil kadar büyük as big as an elephant. 2. as much
as: O yapabildiği kadar yaptı. She did as much as she could. 3. /a/
up to, as far as (a place); until, up to (a time); by (a time);
within (a time). 4. it´s as if, consider that: Sağ olunuz, bir
fincan içmiş kadar oldum. Thanks; consider me as having drunk a cup
just the same. 5. so ... (that): O kadar üzüldü ki .... She was so
sad that .... 6. amount; much: O kadar ver. Give that amount. 7.
about, approximately: On kişi kadar geldi. About ten people came.
... şu –– ... more than, over: yüz şu kadar ağaç over a hundred
||cadastral survey. ––sunu çıkarmak /ın/ to make a cadastral
survey of (an area). –– dairesi government office where cadastral
records are kept. ––ya geçmek (for property) to be registered in a
cadastre. –– haritası cadastral map. –– krokisi cadastral sketch.
–– memuru 1. official who surveys and appraises land. 2. official
in an office for cadastral records. –– planı cadastral
||any of several desserts (i.e. telkadayıf, ekmekkadayıfı,
||maker or seller of kadayıf.
||1. goblet; wineglass; liqueur glass. 2. bot. calyx. ––
kaldırmak to raise one´s glass in a toast. –– tokuşturmak to clink
glasses in a toast.
||1. foot (unit of length). 2. good luck.
||1. rank, level, grade, position. 2. mil. echelon. –– kademe 1.
step by step, by degrees. 2. mil. in echelons.
||/ı/ 1. to line up (people) in graded ranks; to line up (things)
in gradation. 2. to draw up (troops) in echelons.
||/ı/ to separate into graded ranks.
||to be separated into graded ranks.
||1.graded, gradated. 2. mil. in echelons.
||fate, destiny. –– birliği sharing a common fate. –– böyle imiş.
That is the way it was fated to be. ––ine küsmek to curse one´s
fate. ––de olmak to be fated to be. ––de varmış. That is the way it
was fated to be.
||phil. 1. (a) fatalist. 2. fatalistic.
||qadi, kadi, kadhi. –– kızı Kadire, geldi çıktı sedire. colloq.
She thinks she´s too good to help with the work. –– yoran
||quality, rank, functions, or administrative district of a
||1. woman. 2. woman who has lost her virginity. 3. prov. a title
used after the names of older women. 4. colloq. cleaning woman;
maid. 5. good at housekeeping. –– ağızlı garrulous and gossipy
(man). –– avcısı lady-killer, wolf. –– bağı sanitary napkin. ––
berberi hairdresser. –– çamaşırı lingerie. –– doktoru gynecologist.
–– düşkünü 1. skirt-chaser, womanizer. 2. skirt-chasing,
womanizing. –– düşmanı woman hater, misogynist. –– efendi a wife of
the sultan. ––lı erkekli (a gathering) with both men and women
present. ––lar hamamı 1. women´s section of a Turkish bath. 2.
colloq. very noisy place. ––lar hamamına dönmek (for a place) to
become very noisy. –– hastalıkları gynecological diseases. ––
hastalıkları uzmanı gynecologist. –– işçi woman worker. –– kadıncık
quiet, domestic sort of (woman). –– kısmı womankind, women. ––
milleti colloq. womankind, women. –– nine 1. grandmother. 2. old
woman. –– olmak 1. to lose one´s virginity. 2. to be a good
housewife. –– oyuncu actress. –– terzisi dressmaker. –– ticareti
white slave trade. –– tüccarı pimp.
||,-nu a meat patty made with eggs and rice.
||1. womanly, feminine. 2. womanly, in a womanly manner.
||1. the dear woman. 2. the poor woman, the poor thing.
||the poor woman, the poor thing.
||,-ni a pastry soaked in syrup and filled with nuts and thick
||1. womanhood, being a woman. 2. being a good housewife. ––
gururu womanly pride.
||1. womanly, feminine. 2. effeminate, womanish.
||1. velvet. 2. corduroy. –– gibi velvety.
||ancient, very old.
||,-dri 1. worth, value, rank. 2. astr. magnitude. ––ini bilmek
/ın/ to appreciate, value. K–– gecesi the Night of Power (the
twenty-seventh of Ramazan, when the Koran was revealed). K–– gecesi
doğmuş. 1. He is a very lucky person. 2. He is married to a very
||1. mighty, powerful, strong. 2. /a/ capable of. –– olmak /a/ to
be able to, have the power to, be capable of.
||(someone) who can recognize a person of merit or
||being able to recognize a person of merit or worth.
||(someone) who can recognize a person of merit or worth.
||being able to recognize a person of merit or worth.
||1. skin and bones, a mere skeleton. 2. skeleton. ––i çıkmak to
turn into skin and bones.
||face, dial (of a clock or instrument).
||1. (permanent) staff, (long-term) personnel. 2. list or roster
of permanent staff positions. 3. (a) position on the permanent
staff (of an organization). 4. the number of people (who comprise a
specified group within an organization): Bu yıl takımımızın aday
kadrosu az. This year the number of candidates for our team is
small. 5. frame (of a bicycle, motorbike, or
||1. (someone) who is on the permanent staff (of an
organization). 2. permanent (job, position).
||1. (someone) who is not on the permanent staff (of an
organization). 2. temporary (job, position).
||law null and void; lapsed; (something) that has become a dead
letter; (legislative proposal) that has been shelved.
||1. head. 2. mind, mental attitude. 3. intelligence. 4. a large
marble, shoooter. –– ya almak slang 1. /ı/ to silence (a bothersome
person). 2. to find the right person (to do a job). ––sı almamak
/ı/ 1. not to be able to understand. 2. to be too tired to
understand. 3. not to be able to believe. ––dan atmak to make up
something and try to pass it off as the truth. –– boşluğu cranial
cavity, cavum cranii. ––sı bozulmak colloq. to blow one´s top, get
angry. ––sı bulanmak to get confused. ––yı bulmak slang to be
pleasantly tipsy (from drink). ––sı çalışmak to be on the ball.
––yı çekmek colloq. to do some serious drinking, Brit. have a
booze-up. ––sından çıkarmak /ı/ to put (an idea) out of one´s head.
––sına dank etmek/demek to dawn on one at last. –– değiştirmek to
change one´s mind; to change one´s way of thinking. –– dengi 1.
kindred spirit. 2. (someone) who is a kindred spirit, like-minded.
––sının dikine gitmek to go one´s own way, do as one pleases. ––sı
dinç olmak to feel fresh and alert. ––sı dönmek 1. to be confused
and perplexed. 2. to feel dizzy. ––sı dumanlı 1. tipsy, tight. 2.
tired and confused. ––sı durmak to be too tired to think. ––dan
gayri müsellah colloq. nutty, not quite right in the head. ––sına
girmek /ın/ 1. to make good sense, seem to be right (to). 2. to
comprehend, understand. –– göz yarmak to be awkward and unskillful.
–– işçisi white-collar worker. ––sı işlemek to be on the ball. ––sı
izinli olmak slang for one´s mind to be elsewhere; to wool-gather.
–– kafaya vermek to put their heads together. –– kalmamak /da/ to
be so worn out one can´t think. ––sı karışmak (for someone) to get
confused. ––sını kaşıyacak vakti olmamak to be too busy to think,
not to have time to turn around. ––sı kazan (gibi) olmak for one´s
head to be ringing (from noise); to feel fuddled (after a lot of
mental effort). ––sını kızdırmak /ın/ to make (someone´s) blood
boil. ––sı kızmak to get angry. ––dan kontak colloq. cracked,
nutty, touched in the head. ––sına koymak /ı/ to get hold of (some
idea); to take it into one´s head (to do something). ––sını
kullanmak to use one´s head. ––sını kurcalamak /ın/ to make (one)
think. –– patlatmak to do a lot of hard mental work. ––dan sakat
colloq. cracked, nutty, touched in the head. –– sallamak to
rubber-stamp everything, be a yes-man. ––sına sığmamak not to be
able to comprehend. ––sında şimşek çakmak to get a sudden
inspiration. –– şişirmek (for noise, a complicated problem) to
drive one crazy, make one unable to think straight. ––sı şişmek for
one´s head to be ringing (from noise); to feel fuddled (after a lot
of mental effort). ––sına takılıp kalmak to stick in one´s mind,
not to leave one´s mind. ––sı taşa çarpmak to learn something the
hard way. ––sını taştan taşa çarpmak/vurmak 1. to regret bitterly a
lost opportunity. 2. to feel very remorseful. –– tutmak /a/ to
defy; to oppose challengingly. ––yı tütsülemek slang to get tight,
get tipsy. –– ütülemek slang to talk someone to death, talk
someone´s ear off. ––sına vur, ekmeğini elinden al. colloq. He is
so meek you can walk all over him. ––sına vura vura by force.
––sına vurmak (for drink) to go to one´s head. ––sını vurmak /ın/
to behead. ––yı (yere) vurmak 1. to hit the sack, hit the hay. 2.
to take to one´s bed, get laid up (owing to illness). –– vuruşu
soccer header. –– yağı slang sperm, semen. ––sı yerinde olmamak to
wool-gather; for one´s mind to be elsewhere. ––sı yerine gelmek to
come back to earth; to start thinking straight again. –– yormak to
ponder, think hard, rack one´s brains.
||1. kindred spirit; chum, crony, mate. 2. (someone) who is a
kindred spirit, like-minded.
||1. being a kindred spirit or chum. 2. like-mindedness.
||,-nı colloq. official identity card.
||colloq. (someone) who has a head on his/her shoulders,
||colloq. stupid, brainless, witless.
||,-nı skull, cranium.
||,-nı a mythical mountain. ––´nın ardında/arkasında in a lonely
and inaccessible place. ––´na kadar 1. to the ends of the earth. 2.
to the bitter end.
||1. cage; coop. 2. lattice, latticework; wooden latticework
screening the windows of old-style Turkish houses. 3. framework (of
a wooden building); skeleton (of a ship). 4. slang clink, jug,
calaboose, lockup. 5. slang confidence game, swindle. 6.
screened-off area reserved for women (in a mosque). 7. seraglio
apartment in which an Ottoman prince was brought up in seclusion.
––e almak /ı/ slang to talk (someone) to death, talk (someone´s)
ear off. –– çit latticework fence. –– gibi 1. a mere skeleton. 2.
loosely woven. 3. full of holes, riddled with holes. ––e girmek
slang to be duped, be taken in. –– kafes 1. full of holes. 2.
latticed. ––e koymak /ı/ slang to deceive, swindle, con, suck
(someone) in. –– tamiri repair made to the framework of a wooden
||1. maker or seller of cages or latticework. 2. slang con
||/ı/ slang to swindle, con, suck (someone) in.
||slang to be swindled, be conned, be sucked in.
||1. latticed. 2. having a wooden framework.
||1. enough, sufficient: Bu kadar kâfi. This much will do. 2.
That´s enough./That´ll do. –– derecede/miktarda 1. enough,
sufficient, in sufficient quantity: Kâfi derecede şeker
bulabildiniz mi? Were you able to find enough sugar? 2.
sufficiently, well enough: Kâfi derecede Rusça bilmiyorum. I don´t
know Russian well enough. –– gelmek to be enough,
||1. string; file; column; train; caravan; convoy; coffle. 2.
consignment, lot, batch (of goods being shipped): Mühimmatın ilk
kafilesi geldi. The first consignment of munitions has arrived. 3.
company, band (of travelers, pilgrims, etc.). 4. gang, set, group
(of people). –– kafile 1. (moving) in strings, convoys, or coffles.
2. (sending goods) in lots or batches. 3. (people coming or going)
in bands or groups.
||1. infidel, unbeliever; (a) non-Muslim. 2. unbelieving;
non-Muslim. 3. colloq. devil, rogue, scamp. 4. colloq. damned,
||infidelity; being a non-Muslim.
||unrhymed, not rhyming.
||1. the Caucasus, Caucasia. 2. Caucasian, of the Caucasus.
||1. (a) Caucasian. 2. Caucasian (person).
||1. hist. robe of honor, caftan. 2. decorating (the spire of a
minaret) with lights. –– giydirmek /a/ 1. hist. to invest (someone)
with a robe of honor. 2. to decorate (the spire of a minaret) with
lights. –– giymek hist. to receive a robe of honor.
||camphor. –– ağacı camphor tree, camphor laurel.
||built of stone or brick.
||hist. khan, ruler.
||paperlike, having a texture like paper.
||1. paper; piece of paper. 2. card, playing card. 3. colloq.
letter, note. 4. document. –– açmak to turn up the trump card. ––
bıçağı paper cutter. –– dağıtmak to deal the cards. ––a dökmek /ı/
to put (something) down on paper, write (something) down. –– ezmesi
papier-mâché. –– fabrikası paper mill. –– fener paper lantern,
Chinese lantern. –– gibi olmak to turn as white as a sheet. ––
hamuru paper pulp. –– kaplamak /a/ to paper, cover with paper. ––
kebabı a dish made of lamb and vegetables broiled in a wrapper. ––
makası paper scissors. –– oynamak to play cards. –– oyunu card
game. –– para paper money; note, bill. –– para çıkarma fin.
emission. –– sepeti wastepaper basket. –– üzerinde (existing) on
paper, in the planning stage. –– üzerinde kalmak (for a project) to
exist on paper only, not to get beyond the planning stage. ––
üzerine koymak /ı/ to put (something) in writing.
||1. manufacturer or seller of paper. 2. stationer.
||1. the paper business. 2. the stationery business.
||,-nı sweet, multilayered, disc-shaped wafer.
||,-nu bookworm, paper worm.
||/ı/ to paper, cover with paper; to wrap in paper.
||to be papered, be covered with paper; to be wrapped in
||papered, covered with paper; wrapped in paper.
||1. small, shelved filing box; filing basket. 2. suitable for
||oxcart (with two solid wooden wheels). –– gibi gitmek to go at
a snail´s pace.
||very loose; about to collapse; decrepit.
||1. to become loose; to be about to collapse. 2. to become limp.
3. to become decrepit.
||/ı/ 1. to loosen (something) so that it is ready to collapse.
2. to cause (something) to be done away with.
||repeated sometimes: Boğaz kâh dalgalı, kâh dalgasızdır.
Sometimes the Bosphorus is rough and sometimes it´s smooth.
||,-hrı 1. pain and sadness, tribulation, or suffering
(accompanied by a rankling sense of injustice): Mazlume´nin
sıhhatinin bozulması onun kahrındandır. It´s because of the
tribulation he´s caused her that Mazlume´s health has given way. 2.
heartsickness. 3. rare coercion, force. 4. rare oppression. ––ını
çekememek /ın/ to be unable to put up with the pain (someone,
something) unjustly causes one. ––ı çekilmez unbearable,
insupportable, insufferable. ––ını çekmek /ın/ to put up with the
pain (someone, something) unjustly causes one. ––ından ölmek /ın/
1. to die of the pain which (someone, an event) causes one; to die
of heartsickness: Adam müebbet hapse çarpıldı; altı ay sonra kadın
kahrından öldü. The man got a life sentence, and six months later
the woman died of the pain of it. 2. to be very hurt by, be in
mental agony; to eat one´s heart out. ––ına uğramak /ın/ to fall
afoul of (someone´s) wrath or malice. –– yüzünden lütfa uğramak to
benefit from something that was meant to harm one.
||1. to be both sad and rankling with a sense of injustice. 2. to
be heartsick; to eat one´s heart out.
||1. (someone) who is both sad and rankling with a sense of
injustice. 2. heartsick; (someone) who is eating his/her heart
||soothsayer, seer, oracle.
||1. soothsaying, prophesying. 2. (a) prophecy.
||loud laugh; guffaw. –– atmak to laugh loudly; to guffaw. ––yı
basmak/koparmak/salıvermek to burst into laughter, burst out
laughing. –– ile gülmek to laugh loudly, roar with laughter; to
||,-ni bot. morning glory.
||vulg. 1. harlot, whore, prostitute. 2. double-crossing;
backstabbing. ––nin dölü vulg. son of a bitch.
||vulg. 1. being a whore. 2. double cross, double-crossing; (a)
stab in the back. –– etmek vulg. to double-cross someone; to stab
someone in the back.
||1. hero; heroine. 2. brave, heroic.
||1. heroic. 2. heroically.
||1. heroism. 2. heroic deed. –– destanı epic. –– göstermek to
show heroism, behave heroically.
||1. to be both sad and rankling with a sense of injustice. 2. to
be heartsick; to eat one´s heart out. Kahrolayım, .... colloq. I
swear ...: Kahrolayım, bu dediğim doğru. I swear what I´m saying is
true. Kahrolsun! 1. Damn him/her/it! Blast! 2. Down with
him/her/it! Kahrolsun ...! Down with ...!: Kahrolsun sömürgecilik!
Down with colonialism!
||,-yı 1. breakfast. 2. snack, light refreshment. –– etmek/yapmak
1. to have breakfast, breakfast. 2. to have a snack. –– takımı set
of breakfast dishes, breakfast set.
||1. suitable for eating at breakfast; set aside for breakfast.
2. food for breakfast.
||1. coffee. 2. café (serving only coffee, tea, or soft drinks).
–– ağacı coffee plant. –– çekirdeği coffee bean. –– çekmek to grind
coffee. –– değirmeni coffee mill, coffee grinder. –– dolabı
cylindrical coffee roaster. –– dövmek to pound up coffee in a
mortar. –– dövücünün hınk deyicisi toady, yes-man. –– falı a
fortune told by inspecting the grounds remaining in one´s coffee
cup. –– fincanı demitasse, small coffee cup. –– hulasası instant
coffee. –– ocağı small kitchen where coffee and tea are made. ––
parası tip, baksheesh, gratuity.
||1. grower, processor, or seller of coffee. 2. café owner or
manager. –– çırağı boy who works in a café.
||1. growing, processing, or selling coffee. 2. operating a
||café (serving only coffee, tea, or soft drinks).
||,-yi/-ni 1. brown, the color brown. 2. brown, brown in
||1. hist. steward, majordomo. 2. person who is in charge of the
queue at a shared-taxi stand. 3. person who looks after parked
cars; parking lot attendant. 4. busybody. –– kadın formerly 1.
chief female servant in a harem. 2. housekeeper. (başına) ––
kesilmek /ın/ to begin to stick one´s nose into (someone else´s)
||1. being in charge of the queue at a shared-taxi stand. 2.
being in charge of parked cars; being a parking lot attendant. 3.
meddle-someness. –– etmek 1. to be in charge of the queue at a
shared-taxi stand. 2. to work as a parking lot attendant. 3. to
meddle in the affairs of others.
||1. rule, regulation. 2. base; pedestal. 3. geom. base. 4. slang
hind end, buttocks, rump.
||(someone) who always obeys the rules.
||1. erect, upright, standing up. 2. extant, existent, existing;
(someone, something) who/which endures. 3. perpendicular, (someone,
something) who/which is perpendicular. –– olmak 1. /la/ to exist
thanks to: Muhlis´le kaimiz. It is thanks to Muhlis that we endure.
2. /yerine/ (for one person) to take (the place of another):
Halime, Halit´in yerine kaim oldu. Halime has taken Halit´s
||1. /da/ situated in, located in: Çengelköy´de kâin bir ev a
house located in Çengelköy. 2. existent, existing, extant. –– olmak
1. /da/ to be situated in, be located in. 2. to exist, be.
||,-tı 1. the cosmos, the universe. 2. the whole world,
||,-kı prov. 1. dried fruit; fruit pulp dried in sheets. 2. skin
and bones, skinny, wizened.
||,-kı prov. low spot where rain water collects, puddle.
||child´s language 1. poo-poo, ca-ca, feces. 2. dirty, filthy. 3.
bratty. –– bebek bratty child. –– yapmak/etmek to poo-poo,
||1. /ı/ to prod or poke continually. 2. /ı, a/ to palm
(something, someone) off on (someone).
||1. (for a baby) to poo-poo on itself. 2. /ı/ to poo-poo on,
||1. to be prodded or poked continually. 2. /a/ (for something,
someone) to be palmed off on (someone).
||to get poopy, get soiled with ca-ca.
||,kakanoz slang 1. old and dried-up person. 2. hideously ugly,
(someone) who is as ugly as sin.
||cocoa. –– ağacı cacao tree. –– çekirdeği cacao bean. –– yağı
||slang 1. stuck-up and stupid. 2. old and peevish.
||slang 1. being stuck-up and stupid. 2. being old and peevish.
–– etmek slang 1. to behave in a stuck-up, stupid way. 2. to act
like a grouchy old person.
||1. to be shoved. 2. to be tapped into a groove or hole. kakılıp
kalmak /a/ to be stuck, have to wait (in a place); to be rooted to
||ermine, stoat. –– kürk ermine (fur).
||/ı/ prov. to reprove, tell (someone) off.
||repeated reproaches. (başına) –– etmek /ın/ to keep on
reminding (someone) of all the favors one has done him.
||1. to crackle, snap and pop. 2. slang to die, croak, kick the
bucket, give up the ghost.
||crackling sound, crackle, snapping and popping.
||to push and shove each other, horse around.
||/ı/ to keep pushing (something) slightly.
||1. inlay work. 2. inlaid. 3. push, shove.
||person who does inlay work, inlayer.
||ornamental inlaying, the work of an inlayer.
||/ı/ 1. to push, give a push (to). 2. to tap (something) in. 3.
||inlaid, decorated with inlaid work.
||colloq. 1. ugly and shrewish (woman). 2. very thin, dried-up
||(someone) who has bangs.
||,-li word, talk, speech. ––e almak /ı/ to take (something) into
consideration. ––e almamak /ı/ to consider (something) unimportant,
not to pay any attention to.
||/a/ 1. at ... to (used of time): saat dokuza on kala at ten to
nine. 2. (a time) before: bitmesine bir saat kala an hour before it
ended. 3. from, before reaching (a place): kente üç kilometre kala
three kilometers from the city.
||1. crowd, throng. 2. crowdedness. 3. crowded. 4. junk, stuff,
clutter. –– etmek to clutter up a place; to be in the way.
||1. to get crowded. 2. to get cluttered.
||,-tı caulking (a boat´s seams). ––ı atmak (for a seam´s
caulking) to come loose. ––a çekmek /ı/ to careen (a ship) for
caulking. –– demiri caulking iron, caulker. –– etmek /ı/ 1. naut.
to caulk. 2. to repair superficially. 3. to make up (a face). ––
üstüpüsü oakum. –– yeri careening ground.
||caulker, person who does caulking.
||caulking, work of a caulker.
||/ı/ 1. naut. to caulk. 2. to repair, restore.
||1. naut. to be caulked. 2. to be repaired, be restored.
||uncaulked. –– halat untarred rope.
||to be left open-mouthed, be left dumbstruck.
||1. (someone, something) who/which remains, remaining. 2. the
person who is left; the remainder, that which remains. 3. math.
remainder. 4. math. difference.
||colloq. middle-aged, rich, and rather ostentatious man.
||wooden beam; rafter.
||1. tin. 2. slang swearing, cursing. ––ı basmak slang to
swear a blue streak, curse violently.
||1. tinker; tinner, tinsmith. 2. colloq. (a) fraud,
||1. work of a tinker or tinner. 2. colloq. fraud, sham.
||/ı/ 1. to tin. 2. slang to swear at. 3. colloq. to conceal (a
fault) by sham.
||1. to be tinned. 2. slang to be cursed.
||/ı,a/ to have (something) tinned.
||1. tinned. 2. containing tin, mixed with tin. 3. colloq. sham,
falsely decked out. –– kaptan su içmek to marry a woman related to
one; to marry a girl one knows everything about.
||1. untinned; whose tin has worn off. 2. containing no tin. 3.
colloq. genuine, not sham.
||1. in his/her heart. 2. sincerely, deeply. 3. (something) which
comes from the heart.
||1. heartfelt, sincere. 2. cardiacal, cardiac.
||coarsely meshed sieve; riddle; screen. –– altı what has passed
through a sieve; siftings; screenings. ––a çevirmek /ı/ to riddle
with holes. ––a dönmek to be riddled with holes. ––dan geçirmek /ı/
to sift, sieve; to screen; to riddle. –– gibi riddled, full of
holes. –– makinesi screening machine, bolting machine. ––la su
taşımak to be engaged in a hopeless task.
||1. maker or seller of sieves, screens, or riddles. 2. sifter;
||/ı/ to sift, sieve; to screen; to riddle.
||to be sifted, be sieved; to be screened; to be riddled.
||/ı, a/ to have (something) sifted, screened, or riddled.
||,-nü select, elite. ––ne gelmek/–– kalmak (for someone) to
become outstanding, stand out.
||smelter, person who smelts ore.
||hip. –– kemiği anat. hipbone, innominate bone, haunch bone,
||1. hipped, haunched. 2. big-hipped, hippy, broad across the
||1. a soft inner boot of felt or leather. 2. long heavy stocking
worn inside boots. 3. gaiter, legging.
||jack (tool used for lifting).
||1. to be lifted. 2. to be taken away. 3. to be abrogated, cease
to be in effect. 4. (for a weight) to be borne, be supported. 5. to
be endured. 6. slang to be swiped, be made off with, be
||1. sidewalk, Brit. pavement. 2. stone pavement. 3. horizontal
rock strata at a shoreline. –– süpürgesi/yosması colloq. 1.
streetwalker, prostitute. 2. gadabout woman, woman who never stays
at home. –– çiğnemek to become more knowledgeable or sophisticated
by living in the city. –– döşemek to lay down paving stones. ––
mühendisi colloq. loafer, idler; sidewalk superintendent. –– taşı
||1. one who lays paving stones. 2. slang one who steals things
from a merchant´s sidewalk display. 3. slang pickpocket,
||1. paving. 2. slang stealing from a merchant´s sidewalk
display. 3. slang picking pockets; purse
||/ı/ 1. to lift up, raise, elevate. 2. (for something) to bear,
support. 3. to bear, endure, tolerate (someone´s words or
behavior). 4. to make (someone) stand up; to get (someone) up (from
bed). 5. to put (something) away or out of reach, 6. to abolish, do
away with. 7. colloq. to kidnap. 8. slang to swipe, make off with,
steal, lift. 9. to dispatch (a vehicle), signal (a vehicle) to go.
10. to flush, start (game). 11. to cause (something) to peel off in
layers. kaldırıp atmak /ı/ to get rid of, throw away.
||/ı,a/ 1. to have (something) raised or lifted. 2. to have
(something) removed. 3. to have (something) abolished.
||1. fortress, fort; citadel. 2. goal post. 3. chess rook,
castle. –– çizgisi goal line. –– gibi 1. fortress-like, big and
imposing (building). 2. solid, sound, confidence-inspiring
(person). 3. (financially) sound, solid (person, business). –– içi
inner part of a fortress. ––yi içinden fethetmek 1. to conquer (a
place) from within. 2. to get something by circumventing the
underlings and dealing directly with the head man.
||political prisoner confined to a fortress.
||confinement in a fortress.
||1. pencil. 2. pen. 3. chisel; gouge. 4. office handling the
paperwork for a governmental department. 5. item, entry (in a
register, account). 6. sort, kind. 7. scion, slip. 8. shaft (of an
arrow). 9. writing, the act of writing. 10. slang penis, *cock,
*dick. –– açmak 1. to sharpen a pencil. 2. to point a reed (for use
as a pen). ––e almak /ı/ to write out, draw up, put down on paper.
–– çekmek /a/ to cross out. ––inden çıkma written by. ––inden
çıkmak to be written by. –– darbesi stroke of the pen. –– efendisi
formerly official employed in a government office, Ottoman
bureaucrat. –– gezdirmek /üzerinde/ to revise, edit. –– işi 1.
hand-drawn. 2. hand-carved. ––inden kan damlamak colloq. to write
effectively and movingly; to write things that bring tears to the
eyes. –– kaşlı with thin, finely shaped eyebrows. –– kulaklı animal
with long, pointed ears. –– kutusu pencil box. ––i kuvvetli
(someone) who writes well. –– oynatmak 1. to write. 2. /üzerinde/
to correct, edit. 3. /üzerinde/ to spoil (a piece of writing) by
alteration. –– parmaklı with long, tapering fingers. –– sahibi
(someone) who writes well. –– sapı penholder (for a nib). ––e
sarılmak to take pen in hand, take up one´s pen. –– savaşı war of
words. –– ucu nib, penpoint. ––iyle yaşamak to live by one´s pen,
make a living by writing. –– yontmak 1. to sharpen a pencil. 2. to
point a reed pen. –– yürütmek to write.
||,-nı graft, scion.
||seller of pencils and pens.
||1. painter of designs on muslin. 2. engraver who does chasing
on gold or silver. 3. one who paints designs on walls.
||the profession of painting or engraving designs.
||1. pencil box; pencil tray. 2. pen rack, penholder.
||1. writer who produces polemical articles for someone else,
hired pen. 2. polemical writer, polemicist, polemist.
||1. pencil sharpener. 2. formerly penknife (used for shaping the
point of a reed pen).
||unconventional and easygoing, bohemian.
||1. unconventional and easygoing, bohemian. 2. philosophical. 3.
in an unconventional, easygoing way; philosophically.
||1. to become carefree and unconventional in one´s attitude
towards life. 2. to adopt a philosophical attitude towards
||1. carefree, unconventional attitude towards life. 2.
philosophical attitude towards life. 3. being bohemian or
philosophical. ––e vurmak /ı/ to take (something) philosophically,
not to be bothered by (a difficulty).
||/ı/ to smelt.
||obs.,chem. 1. alkali, base. 2. alkaline, basic.
||1. experienced apprentice workman. 2. master builder,
supervisor at a construction site. 3. formerly ranking female
||1. rank, work, or pay of an experienced apprentice workman or
master builder. 2. formerly rank, work, or pay of a ranking female
||1. permanence. 2. phys. retentivity.
||1.survival. 2. permanence.
||1. enduring, lasting; permanent. 2. immortal.
||1. permanence. 2. immortality.
||1. transient, transitory, impermanent. 2. mortal.
||1. impermanence. 2. mortality.
||1. thick. 2. slang rich, wealthy, in the money, well-off,
well-fixed. 3. back (vowel). –– kafalı thickheaded, stupid. –– ses
deep voice. –– ünlü phonetics back vowel.
||prov. present given by the bridegroom to the bride.
||anat. the large intestine. –– yangısı path. colitis.
||1. to thicken, become thick. 2. (for someone´s voice) to
||,kalınlatmak /ı/ to thicken, make (something) thick.
||1. thickness; coarseness. 2. deepness (of a voice).
||impersonal passive 1. to stay, stop, rest. 2. to spend the
||1. remnant, remainder, leftovers. 2. ruin; ruins, remains.
||1. mold, matrix. 2. form; hat block; shoe last. 3. template;
pattern, model. 4. bar, cake, piece (of something). 5. imposing
appearance. 6. shape. ––ının adamı olmamak not to be the man one
seems to be. ––ını almak /ın/ to take a mold (of). ––ını basmak /a/
colloq. 1. to affirm (something) with conviction. 2. to support
(something) enthusiastically. ––a çekmek /ı/ 1. to give proper form
or shape (to), shape, mold. 2. slang to have intercourse with,
*fuck. ––ını çıkarmak /ın/ to take a mold of. ––ı
değiştirmek/dinlendirmek slang to die, croak, kick the bucket, give
up the ghost. ––a dökmek /ı/ to cast, pour (something) into a mold.
––a geçirmek /ı/ to block (a hat or fez); to put (a shoe) on a
last. –– gibi serilmek (for a very tired person) to lie stretched
out like a log. –– gibi uyumak to sleep like a log. –– gibi yatmak
to lie still, lie without moving a muscle. ––tan kalıba girmek
colloq. 1. to change one´s ideas whenever one finds it expedient.
2. to change jobs often. 3. (for the nature of a job) to be
changing constantly. –– kesilmek to be petrified. –– kıyafet
yerinde/––ı kıyafeti yerinde imposing and well-dressed (man). ––a
koymak /ı/ to put (a shoe) on a last or tree. ––a vurmak /ı/ to put
(a hat or fez) on a block.
||1. maker or seller of molds. 2. one who makes castings. 3.
||/ı/ 1. to block, mold. 2. to press (a material) into a mold. 3.
to test (something) with a template.
||to be blocked, be molded.
||becoming a stereotype.
||1. to become stereotyped. 2. to get rigid, become
||1. stereotyped. 2. inflexible, rigid.
||/ı, a/ to have (something) blocked or reshaped.
||made or shaped by molds.
||1. fez which has lost its shape. 2. ungainly, dowdy. ––
kıyafetsiz small and unprepossessing (man).
||,-tı 1. inheritance. 2. inherited characteristic.
||1. heritage, genetic heritage. 2. inheritance.
||1. (a) hereditarian. 2. hereditarian.
||hereditary, pertaining to heredity.
||European sea bass.
||dance done to calypso music.
||qualitative. –– analiz chem. qualitative analysis.
||quality. –– kontrolü quality control, testing for quality.
||high in quality, of good quality.
||of poor quality, shoddy.
||lack of quality, shoddiness.
||shield (carried by a warrior).
||,-ni anat. thyroid gland.
||to calcify, become calcareous.
||1. raised (window). 2. upturned collar. 3. peeling (paint,
skin). 4. upturned (nose). 5. (hair) which is bristling or standing
||improvement, development, making (something) better.
||/ı/ to develop, improve.
||progress, improvement, development. –– hızı rate of economic
development. –– planı development plan.
||to make progress, develop, advance.
||1. rising; manner of rising. 2. departure. ––a geçmek (for a
plane) to take off, leave the ground.
||/a/ to try to (do something that is beyond one´s power or
outside one´s authority).
||1. to go up, rise. 2. to stand up, rise to one´s feet, get up.
3. to get up, get out of bed. 4. to get well, be back on one´s feet
(after an illness). 5. (for a train, plane, bus, ship) to leave,
depart. 6. (for a cloth or lid) to be taken off, be raised. 7.
/dan/ (for something) to be taken away, be removed (from). 8. (for
game, fowl) to be raised, be flushed. 9. (for grain) to be reaped,
be gathered. 10. to rise, come loose, peel off. 11. (for a rule or
privilege) to be annulled, be repealed, be abolished. 12. (for
money) to go out of circulation. 13. to disappear, cease to be
available, be gone. 14. /a/ to take it into one´s head to (do
something). 15. /a/ to start, attempt, begin to (do), try
(something). kalk borusu reveille, the signal for reveille. kalk
borusu çalmak 1. to sound reveille. 2. for reveille to be sounded.
kalk gidelim etmek /ı/ slang to swipe, walk off with, steal. kalk
gidelim olmak slang to be swiped, be stolen. kalk işareti starting
signal. kalkıp kalkıp oturmak to be boilling with anger, be hopping
||1. hist. ceremonial turban worn by viziers. 2. large,
||colloq. treacherous, backstabbing.
||colloq. treacherously, in a very low-down way.
||colloq. treachery, backstabbing, dirty work. –– etmek to leave
someone in the lurch, stab someone in the back, play someone a
||1. remaining, staying. 2. /dan/ left from, remaining from. 3.
/dan/ handed down from, inherited from. 4. /dan/ dating from. ––
durumu gram. the locative case, the locative.
||,-ır 1. to remain, be left; to be left over. 2. to stay (in a
place temporarily). 3. to come to a halt, reach a standstill. 4. to
fail (a class). 5. /a/ to be postponed to. 6. /a/ (for a matter) to
be entrusted to (someone). 7. /a, dan/ (for something) to be left
to (someone) by (someone else). 8. /dan/ to be kept from doing
(something). 9. /la/ to be content with, go no further than. kala
kala only ..., no more than ... (is left): Gelmesine kala kala bir
gün kaldı. There´s only one day left until she comes. kaldı ki
moreover, furthermore. kalsa/kalırsa /a/ 1. if you ask (my/his/her)
opinion. 2. if it were left up to (someone). Kalsın. 1. Let´s leave
it for the time being. 2. I´ve decided I don´t want it. kalır yeri
olmamak /dan/ to be at least as good as.
||gram. locative. –– tümleç gram. locative noun phrase with
||central heating unit, furnace; central heating system. ––
dairesi furnace room. –– kazanı boiler of a central heating
||installer, repairer, or tender of a central heating unit,
||without central heating.
||,-bi 1. heart. 2. heart disease. 3. cardio-, cardi-. 4.
cardiac. 5. sensitivity, sympathetic nature. 5. center, innermost
part, heart. –– acısı deep sorrow. ––ini açmak /a/ to bare one´s
soul (to). –– ağrısı 1. path. cardiodynia. 2. lovesickness,
heartache. –– ameliyatı heart surgery. –– atışı heartbeat. ––i
atmak 1. (for one´s heart) to beat. 2. to have one´s heart jump
(for joy, with excitement or fear). –– biçiminde heart-shaped,
cordiform, cordate. ––i bozuk malevolent. –– bölgesi cardiac
region. ––i bütün openhearted, candid, honest. –– cerrahisi heart
surgery. ––ini çalmak /ın/ to steal (one´s) heart. –– çarpıntısı
tachycardia, palpitation of the heart. ––i çarpmak 1. (for one´s
heart) to palpitate, flutter. 2. (for one´s heart) to beat wildly
with excitement, race. ––ini/––inin sesini dinlemek to obey the
dictates of one´s heart. ––ine doğmak to have a presentiment, have
a feeling. ––e dokunmak to hurt someone´s feelings, sadden someone.
––inin en gizli köşesinde in the innermost recesses of one´s heart.
––i fesat envious, grudging. ––ten gelen sincere, heartfelt, from
the heart. ––i geniş carefree, easygoing, happy-go-lucky. ––ine
girmek /ın/ to win the heart (of). ––ine göre after one´s own
heart. –– hastalığı heart disease. –– hastalıkları
uzmanı/mütehassısı heart specialist, cardiologist. –– hastası
cardiac patient. –– ilacı heart medicine. ––ine işlemek /ın/ to
stir the heart (of), strike (a person) to the quick. –– kalbe
karşıdır. proverb Close friends instinctively know each other´s
thoughts and actions. ––i kanamak to suffer mental anguish, feel
very sad. –– kapağı anat. cardiac valve. ––i kararmak to lose one´s
(religious) faith, leave the ranks of the faithful. –– karıncığı
anat. ventricle. –– kası anat. myocardium. ––ini kazanmak /ın/ to
win the heart (of). ––ini kırmak /ın/ to hurt (someone´s) feelings.
––i kırık (someone) whose feelings are hurt. ––inden kopmak to be
heartfelt, be done or given generously and impulsively. –– krizi
heart attack. –– kulakçığı anat. auricle, atrium. ––
kuvvetlendirici heart stimulant. –– masajı heart massage. ––ini
okumak /ın/ to understand instinctively (another´s) feelings. ––i
olmak to have a weak heart, suffer from heart trouble. –– olmamak
/da/ to be merciless. ––i parça parça olmak to feel great pity. ––i
rahat relieved, comforted. –– sektesi heart attack. ––i sıcak
warmhearted. ––i sıkışmak to have a sudden chest pain. –– sıkışması
sudden chest pain. ––i sızlamak to feel very sad inwardly. ––i
temiz kindly, well-meaning. –– üfürümü med. heart murmur. ––ini
vermek /a/ to give one´s heart (to). –– vuruşu palpitation of the
heart. –– yetersizliği/kifayetsizliği path. cardiac insufficiency.
––in yolu mideden geçer. proverb The way to someone´s heart is
through his stomach.
||,-pı 1. counterfeit, false, forged, spurious. 2. person who´s
not what he appears to be. –– akçe counterfeit coin. –– para
||calpac, calpack, kalpak.
||maker or seller of calpacs.
||(someone) who is wearing a calpac.
||1. counterfeiter. 2. swindler; unreliable person.
||1. counterfeiting. 2. cheating, swindling.
||med. cardiovascular. –– cerrahisi cardiovascular surgery.
||to start goldbricking; to start turning out shoddy work.
||1. being counterfeit, spuriousness. 2. being averse to working,
||heartless, pitiless, ruthless.
||1. tricky, decitful, unreliable. 2. trickster, shyster, con
||1. deceitfulness. 2. deceit; trick.
||1. colloq. whore, slut, hussy. 2. saddle without a
||1. prostitution. 2. whorish behavior.
||used in: ––dan beri since the beginning of time, since day
||squashor eggplant cooked with meat, onions, and
||hist. galley, galleon, a ship with both sails and oars.
||mech. cam. –– mili camshaft.
||wish, desire. –– almak /dan/ to enjoy (something) to the
||1. dagger; poniard; dirk. 2. wedge (for splitting stone or
wood). 3. breechblock, breech pin, breech plug (of a cannon). 4.
mech. key; cotter. –– basmak colloq. to win (when playing a game);
to chalk up a victory. –– tertibatı breech mechanism.
||maker or repairer of breechblocks.
||1. lagging (in a mine). 2. stabbing with a dagger, poniard, or
dirk. 3. wedging.
||/ı/ 1. to stab (someone, something) with a dagger, poniard, or
dirk; to dagger; to poniard; to dirk. 2. to use a wedge to split
(wood, stone), wedge.
||/ı, a/ slang to turn over (something) to, hand over (something)
||1. ship´s cabin. 2. (a) house (in the British Parliament). ––
yolcusu cabin passenger.
||,-tu steward (on a ship).
||duties of a ship´s steward.
||1. (for one´s eyes) to be dazzled. 2. (for one´s teeth) to be
set on edge.
||/ı/ 1. to dazzle. 2. to set (one´s teeth) on edge.
||1. faithful slave of the Caliph Ali. 2. obs. faithful servant.
––siz düğün olmaz. colloq. Of course we can´t leave him out.
||camber (of an automobile´s front wheels).
||1. buying and selling of foreign currency, foreign exchange. 2.
bank department dealing with foreign currency transactions. ––
belgiti/senedi credit instrument used in foreign currency
transactions. –– denetimi government control of transactions
involving foreign currency. –– kuru foreign exchange rate. ––
mevzuatı regulations governing foreign exchange.
||1. one who handles foreign currency transactions. 2. speculator
in foreign currency.
||1. hump (in the back of a person or animal). 2. humpback,
hunchback. 3. humpbacked, hunchbacked; stooped. 4. bulging,
projecting. 5. bulge, projection. ––unu çıkarmak to hunch one´s
back. ––u çıkmak 1. to become hunchbacked. 2. to be stooped
(temporarily) after doing much bending and lifting. –– felek cruel
fortune. –– üstüne kambur one trouble on top of another, one
problem after another. –– zambur/kumbur very hunchbacked; very
||1. to become hunchbacked. 2. to bulge out.
||/ı/ 1. to hunch (one´s back). 2. to allow (one´s back) to
become permanently hunched. 3. to make (something) bulge out.
||1. being hunchbacked. 2. protuberance.
||1. whip. 2. naut. pendant, tail. 3. biol. flagellum. –– çalmak
/a/ to whip. –– şaklaması crack of a whip. –– şaklatmak to crack a
whip. –– vurmak /a/ to give (an animal, someone) a blow with a
whip. –– yemek to be whipped.
||/ı/ 1. to whip, flog, flagellate. 2. to increase, raise
(someone´s feeling) to a higher pitch.
||1. to be whipped, be flogged. 2. (for a feeling) to be raised
to a higher pitch.
||/ı,a/ to have (someone) flogged.
||movie camera, Brit. cine-camera; television camera; video
camera. –– ekibi camera crew.
||lunar. –– ay lunar month. –– yıl lunar year.
||1. Cameroon, the Republic of Cameroon. 2. Cameroonian, of
Cameroon or its people.
||1. (a) Cameroonian. 2. Cameroonian (person).
||,-ti 1. height, stature (of a person). 2. fathom. 3. a phrase
recited by the imam at the beginning of the ritual prayer. ––
getirmek to recite the kamet at the beginning of the ritual
||1. reed; cattail, reed mace; bamboo. 2. made of reeds, reed. 3.
fishing rod; fishing pole. 4. penis. –– atmak /a/ slang 1. to mess
up, *fuck up. 2. to trick, pull a fast one on. K–– Bayramı Sukkoth,
Feast of Booths. –– kalem reed pen. ––ı kırmak slang to catch
gonorrhea. –– koymak slang 1. /a/ to break up a friendship between
(two persons). 2. to warn a prospective victim of a cardsharp. ––a
su yürümek slang (for a boy) to reach the age of puberty. –– şekeri
||1. jeweler´s blowpipe. 2. clitoris.
||reedy, full of reeds.
||reed bed; place overgrown with reeds.
||1. perfect, complete, consummate. 2. entire, full, whole. 3.
mature and experienced person. 4. Sufism (someone) who has reached
spiritual maturity, who has become spiritually wise. 5. slang
||completely, entirely, fully, wholly; all of ...: Atlarını
kâmilen sattı. He sold all of his horses. Bu kumaş kâmilen pamuk.
This cloth is pure cotton.
||1. spirit lamp. 2. blowtorch, blowlamp, blast lamp.
||,-pı 1. camp. 2. summer camp (for children or youth). 3.
campground. 4. camping. ––a çıkmak to go camping. ––a girmek (for
athletes) to go somewhere in the country for preseason training. ––
kurmak to pitch camp. –– yeri campsite, campground.
||1. bell. 2. auto., mech. brake drum. ––lar slang testicles,
balls, nuts. –– çalmak to ring a bell; to toll a bell.
||1. bell ringer. 2. slang charlatan, quack,
||1. drive, campaign. 2. harvesting. –– açmak/––ya girişmek to
start a campaign, begin a drive.
||1. camping. 2. being a camper.
||,-gi campground, campsite.
||1. (a) Kampuchean. 2. Kampuchean (person).
||1. archaic all, the whole. 2. archaic everybody; everything. 3.
the public. –– düzeni public order, the peace. –– hakları civil
rights. –– hizmeti a public service, a service that benefits the
public generally. –– hukuku civil law. –– kesimi/sektörü the public
sector. –– personeli civil servants. –– yararı the public interest.
–– yönetimi 1. the administrative activities of a government. 2.
||camouflaged. –– etmek /ı/ to camouflage.
||nationalization, being nationalized.
||to be nationalized.
||/ı/ to nationalize.
||,-nu public opinion. –– yoklaması opinion poil.
||public. –– hizmetler public services.
||nationalization, becoming nationalized.
||to be nationalized.
||phil. 1. (a) pantheist. 2. pantheistic, pantheistical.
||joint session of the Turkish National Assembly and the
||1. truck, Brit. lorry. 2. slang prostitute.
||1. operator of a trucking firm. 2. truck driver.
||1. trucking, operation of a trucking firm. 2. truck
||,-ti pickup truck, pickup; panel truck; van.
||1. blood. 2. hem-, hemo-, hemi-, haem-, haemo-. 3. hemic,
hematic. 4. lineage, family. ––ı ağır 1. dull and boring by nature.
2. sluggish by nature. –– ağlamak to shed tears of blood, be deeply
distressed. –– akçesi blood money, wergeld. –– akıtmak 1. to
sacrifice an animal. 2. to shed blood. –– akmak for blood to be
shed. –– akmaksızın without bloodshed. –– akrabalığı blood
relationship, consanguinity. –– aktarımı blood transfusion. ––
aktarmak /a/ to give (someone) a blood transfusion. –– alacak
damarı bilmek to know where to turn for help. –– alma med.
bloodletting. –– almak /dan/ to take blood (from), bleed. –– aramak
to be out for blood. –– bağı blood tie. –– bankası blood bank. ––
basımı path. congestion. –– basıncı blood pressure. –– basıncı
yüksekliği high blood pressure, hypertension. –– başına sıçramak/––
beynine çıkmak/vurmak to get or have one´s blood up, see red, blow
one´s top. –– boşalmak to hemorrhage. ––a boyamak/bulamak /ı/ to
wreak carnage in (a place). ––a boyanmak/bulanmak to be covered
with blood. ––ı bozuk corrupt or evil by nature. –– cisimciği blood
corpuscle. –– çanağı gibi bloodshot (eyes). –– çekme med. dry
cupping. ––ı çekmek /a/ to resemble (a parent) (in looks and in
character). –– çıbanı boil, furuncle. –– çıkar. Blood will
flow./There will be a big fight. –– çıkmak for blood to be spilled.
–– dalgası rush of blood to a part of the body, flush. –– damarı
blood vessel. –– davası blood feud, vendetta. –– değiştirme med.
exchange transfusion. ––ı dindirmek to stanch blood. ––ına dokunmak
/ın/ to make (one´s) blood boil. –– dolaşımı/deveranı circulation
of the blood. ––ı donmak to be shocked, be horrified. –– dökmek to
shed blood. –– dökücü bloodthirsty. ––ına ekmek doğramak /ın/ 1. to
be glad that one has caused (another´s) death. 2. to benefit by
having caused (another´s) misfortune. ––ını emmek /ın/ to exploit
(someone) unmercifully. –– gelmek to bleed. ––ına girmek /ın/ 1. to
have (someone´s) blood on one´s hands. 2. to deflower (a girl). 3.
to damage, destroy. –– gitmek /dan/ to bleed (while defecating or
menstruating). –– gövdeyi götürmek for much blood to be shed, for
many people to be killed. –– grubu blood group, blood type. ––
gütme blood feud, vendetta. –– gütmek to seek blood vengeance,
engage in a vendetta. –– hücresi blood cell. ––ı ısınmak /a/ to
warm to, feel affectionate or sympathetic towards (someone). ––ını
içine akıtmak/––ı içine akmak to hide one´s sorrows. –– iğnesi
hypodermic injection of blood-building medicine. –– istemek to be
out for blood, want blood revenge. –– işeme hematuria. ––a kan!
Blood for blood!/Death to the murderer! ––a kan istemek to want
blood revenge. ––ı kanla yıkamak to exact blood revenge. –– kardeşi
blood brother. –– kaybetmek to lose blood. –– kaybı loss of blood.
––ı kaynamak 1. to be full of beans, be full of pep. 2. /a/ to feel
a sudden rush of affection for (someone). ––ları kaynaşmak to come
to like each other very quickly, become good friends in no time. ––
kesici styptic, hemostatic. –– kırmızı blood-red, crimson. ––ı
kurumak to be exasperated. ––ını kurutmak /ın/ to exasperate, vex.
–– kusmak 1. to vomit blood. 2. to be extremely pained or grieved.
–– kusturmak /a/ to oppress unmercifully. –– kusup kızılcık şerbeti
içtim demek to hide one´s sufferings from others. –– lekesi blood
stain. –– merkezi blood transfusion center. –– muayenesi law blood
test (to determine paternity). –– nakli blood transfusion. –– olmak
for murder to take place. (aralarında) –– olmak to be involved in a
blood feud. ––ında olmak to run in the blood of, be in one´s blood.
–– oturmak /a/ to have a subcutaneous hemorrhage. –– oturması
subcutaneous hemorrhage. ––ıyla ödemek /ı/ to pay with one´s life
(for). ––ı pahasına at the cost of one´s life. –– pıhtılaşması
blood coagulation. –– portakalı blood orange. –– revan içinde 1.
bleeding profusely. 2. covered with blood. ––ı sıcak outgoing,
friendly, warm, sociable. ––ı soğuk unsociable, reserved, cold. ––ı
sulanmak to get anemia. ––a susamak to thirst for blood. ––ına
susamak 1. to court death. 2. /ın/ to thirst for (someone´s) blood.
––a susamış bloodthirsty. –– şekeri blood sugar. –– tahlili blood
analysis. –– ter içinde dripping with sweat. –– ter içinde kalmak
to be soaked with sweat. –– testi blood test. –– toplanması blood
blister. –– tutmak /ı/ 1. to faint at the sight of blood. 2. to be
unnerved and unable to flee (after committing a murder). 3. to die
suddenly and unexpectedly. –– tükürme spitting of blood,
hemoptysis. –– verme blood transfusion. –– vermek /a/ 1. to give a
blood transfusion (to). 2. to donate blood (to a blood bank). ––
yutmak to suffer a lot, endure much suffering. –– yüzüne çıkmak to
get angry, blow one´s top. –– zehirlenmesi blood
||load line (on the prow or stern of a ship).
||,-ti 1. opinion, belief; conviction: umumi kanaat public
opinion. kanaatimce in my opinion. 2. believing, being of the
opinion that: Paşanın bizi ziyaret edeceğine kanaatim yok. I don´t
believe the pasha´s going to visit us. 3. being content with what
one has, contentment with what one has. 4. being satisfied with a
small or a moderate amount; frugality; moderation. 5. acceptance of
what fate metes out to one. (bir) –– beslemek to cherish the idea
of ...: Beni yanlarına alacaklar diye bir kanaat besliyor. He
cherishes the idea of their taking him along. –– dönemi semester
(of an academic year). –– etmek 1. /la or a/ to be content with, be
satisfied with; to content oneself with. 2. /a/ to accept (what
fate metes out to one). –– getirmek /a/ to be convinced, be
persuaded, believe. –– notu final grade (given at the end of either
a semester or a school year). –– notu dönemi semester (of an
academic year). ––inde olmak to believe, be of the opinion that
...: Bir büyünün vaziyeti değiştireceği kanaatinde değilim. I don´t
think a magic spell will change things. –– sahibi 1. person who is
content with what he has. 2. person who is content with little. 3.
person who accepts what fate metes out to him. –– uyandırmak /da/
to give (someone) (a certain) idea: Öyle yaparsan herkeste kötü bir
kanaat uyandırırsın. If you do that you´ll cause people to think
badly of you.
||1. (someone) who is content with what he has. 2. (someone) who
is content with little. 3. (someone) who accepts what fate metes
out to him.
||1. being content with what one has. 2. being content with
little. 3. acceptance of what fate metes out to one.
||1. Canada. 2. Canadian, of Canada or the Canadians.
||1. (a) Canadian. 2. Canadian person.
||1. (fleece-lined) sheepskin jacket, sheepskin. 2. windbreaker,
||1. canal. 2. anat. duct, canal. 3. communications channel,
television channel. 4. groove, channel; mortise. ––ıyla by way of,
by means of, through. –– açmak to open a channel. –– havuzu canal
lock. –– resmi canal fee. –– tedavisi dent. root canal operation,
||sewer system. –– borusu sewer.
||canary. –– sarısı canary yellow.
||aviary for canaries.
||1. (bird, aircraft, building, party, army) wing. 2. (fish) fin.
3. (door, hinged window) leaf. 4. (propeller, windmill) vane. 5.
(paddle wheel) paddle, paddle board. 6. panel (of a curtain). 7.
side (of a flat-bed wagon or truck). –– açısı sweepback angle of a
wing. –– alıştırmak to practice, get used to doing something. ––ı
altında /ın/ under one´s wing, under one´s protection. ––ı altına
almak /ı/ to take (someone) under one´s wing. ––ı altına sığınmak
/ın/ to take refuge under the wing of. –– germek /a/ to take
(someone) under one´s protection. –– kırmak slang to go back on
one´s word. –– taarruzu mil. flank attack. –– uzunluğu wing span.
–– vuruşu wingbeat, wing stroke.
||1. aileron. 2. winglet, alula, bastard wing. 3. bot. wing.
||/ı/ slang to swipe, steal, snitch, walk off with.
||1. to develop wings. 2. to take wing. 3. to become
||1. winged. 2. finned. –– karınca termite, white ant. –– meyve
samara, key fruit.
||/ı/ to make (something) bleed.
||1. grappling hook, grapnel. 2. kettle hook (in a hearth). 3.
hook. 4. hooked clasp. ––yı takmak/atmak /a/ 1. to pester, pick on.
2. to wish (someone) bad luck.
||/ı/ 1. to hook. 2. to grapple. 3. to pester, pick on.
||provided with a hook, hooked. –– iğne safety pin.
||1. female animal; bitch. 2. female (animal). 3. slang sneaky,
low-down, backstabbing. 4. slang woman, *bitch. 5. slang
||1. treacherously, sneakily. 2. treacherous, sneaky.
||treachery, sneakiness, deceit. –– etmek to do something sneaky,
stab someone in the back.
||official in a consular or embassy secretariat.
||1. duties or rank of a consular or embassy secretary. 2.
consular or embassy secretariat.
||consularor embassy secretariat.
||1. related by blood. 2. blood relative.
||blood relationship, consanguinity.
||1. deceptive, beguiling. 2. convincing. 3.
||1. deceptiveness. 2. convincingness. 3. thirst-quenching
||1. to be deceived, be fooled, be taken in. 2. to be persuaded,
||1. deception, deceiving. 2. persuasion, convincing.
||bluff. –– yapmak to bluff.
||/ı/ 1. to deceive, fool, take in. 2. to persuade, convince. 3.
to quench (someone´s) thirst.
||1. oil lamp shaped like a small glass bowl. 2. kerosene lamp.
3. one of five Islamic holy nights when the minarets are
illuminated. 4. slang very drunk. –– çöreği/simidi a savory,
ring-shaped biscuit eaten on a kandil gecesi. –– gecesi one of five
Islamic holy nights when the minarets are illuminated: Mevlit,
Regaip, Miraç, Berat, Kadir. –– günü the day preceding a kandil
gecesi. –– topu glass bowl of an oil lamp. –– yağı olive oil that
is poor in quality. ––in yağı tükenmek colloq. to breathe one´s
last breath, die.
||formerly tender of oil lamps in a mosque.
||to exchange kandil greetings.
||1. illuminated by an oil lamp. 2. slang very drunk. –– küfür
violent swearing; resounding oath. –– selam/temenna elaborate,
old-fashioned salutation in which the hand is raised from the
ground in several movements.
||1. chandelier or stand for oil lamps. 2. pertaining to an
Islamic holy night.
||slang to blush (from embarrassment).
||couch, sofa, settee.
||coil (of sausages, rope, wire).
||/ı/ to coil (something) (up).
||to be coiled, be gathered up in coils.
||gangrene. –– olmak to have gangrene; to become gangrenous.
||1. to become gangrenous. 2. to hit a dead end.
||/ı/ 1. to become inured to. 2. to become surfeited with, become
||/ı/ to (try to) twist, bend, or pry (something) loose.
||/ı/ to twist, bend, or pry (something) loose.
||,-tı 1. evidence, proof. 2. log. premise.
||/ı/ to prove.
||to be proved.
||supported by evidence, proven.
||/ı/ to accept (something) as evidence.
||,-ii 1. convinced, persuaded. 2. (someone) who is content with
what he has. 3. (someone) who is content with little. 4. (someone)
who accepts what fate metes out to him. –– olmak 1. /a/ to be
convinced of (something). 2. to be content with little; /la/ to be
content with. 3. to accept what fate metes out to one.
||/ı/ to stain (something) with blood; to smear (something) with
||/ı/ 1. to make (something) bloody, smear (something) with
blood. 2. to revitalize; to invigorate. 3. to make (an eye)
bloodshot. 4. to cause (something) to become filled with
||1. to become bloodstained. 2. to become revitalized; to become
vigorous. 3. (for an eye) to become bloodshot. 4. (for something)
to become filled with blood: Kene kanlandı. The tick´s become
filled with blood.
||1. bloody, bloodstained, smeared with blood. 2. very rare
(meat). 3. bloody, sanguinary. 4. bloodshot. 5. guilty of murder,
bloodguilty. 6. vigorous, robust. –– basur dysentery. –– bıçaklı
olmak 1. to get into a bloody fight. 2. to be out for each other´s
blood. –– canlı vigorous, robust. –– katil bloodthirsty criminal,
||1. /a/ to be fooled, be taken in (by). 2. /a/ to believe. 3.
/a/ to have had one´s fill (of). 4. /la/ to be contented (with), be
satisfied (with). kana kana içmek to drink one´s fill.
||cancer. –– ilacı slang 1. stupid, dimwitted. 2. uncouth, crude.
3. blockhead, numskull. 4. uncouth lout. –– olmak 1. to have
cancer. 2. to become cancerous.
||to become cancerous.
||1. cancerous. 2. suffering with cancer.
||1. bloodless, lacking in blood; anemic. 2. cowardly, spineless.
3. not attended by bloodshed, bloodless. –– cansız anemic and
||to get anemic.
||1. steelyard, lever scales. 2. scales (for vehicles),
weighbridge. 3. formerly a weight of about 56.5 kilos, kantar,
cantar. ––ı belinde colloq. alert, not to be fooled. ––a
çekmek/vurmak /ı/ 1. to weigh (with a steelyard). 2. to weigh in
one´s mind. ––a gelmek to be weighable. ––ın topunu kaçırmak to
overstep the limit, go to extremes.
||maker or seller of steelyards.
||making or selling steelyards.
||slang 1. violent (oath). 2. violent swearing; violent oath. ––
atmak/––yı basmak/savurmak slang to cuss a blue streak. –– küfür
slang violent swearing; violent oath.
||centaury. –– yağı centaury oil.
||,-nı 1. bloodstone, heliotrope. 2. alum.
||1. canteen, snack bar (of a school, factory, or barracks). 2.
slang lie, story. –– atmak slang to tell lies, tell stories.
||operator of a canteen.
||operation of a canteen.
||quantitative. –– analiz chem. quantitative analysis.
||fin-de-siècle cabaret song.
||fin-de-siècle cabaret chanteuse.
||1. law, statute, act. 2. law of nature; scientific law. ––a
aykırı illegal; incompatible with the law. ––a aykırı olarak in
violation of the law, illegally. ––da boşluk legal loophole. ––la
çatışmak to fall afoul of the law. ––a dayanmak to be based on a
law. –– dışı illegal. –– gücü/kuvveti legal force, legal power. ––
hükmünde (something) that has the force of law, that is as good as
a law. ––u kabul etmek to pass a law. –– kitabı digest of laws on a
particular subject. –– layihası bill, draft of a law. –– maddesi
article of a law. –– nazarında/muvacehesinde in the eyes of the
law. ––a sığınmak to appeal to the law. –– sözcüsü public
prosecutor attached to the Council of State. –– tasarısı bill,
draft of a law. –– tefsiri interpretation of the law. –– teklifi
bill (of a law). ––a uygun legal; compatible with the law. ––
yapmak to enact a law. –– yolu ile by legal means.
||azither-like instrument with seventy-two strings.
||by law, according to law, legally.
||lawful, legal, legitimate; statutory. –– yollara başvurmak to
take legal steps, go to court.
||player of a kanun.
||to become law.
||/ı/ to legalize.
||digest of the laws regulating a particular subject.
||1. not covered by a law. 2. unlawful, illegal. 3. colloq.
||1. nonexistence of law. 2. unlawfulness, illegality. 3.
lawlessness, lawless activity or behavior.
||obs., law constitution, the body of laws that sets forth the
powers and the duties of a state and the rights of that state´s
||,-bı 1. pot, vessel. 2. container, receptacle; cover; case. 3.
dish, plate (of food). –– kacak pots and pans. ––ına sığmamak to be
overjoyed; to be very impatient, be champing at the bit.
||,-pı (woman´s) cape.
||1. (a) Cappadocian. 2. Cappadocian (person).
||1. lid, cover. 2. door (of a cupboard, wardrobe, etc.). 3.
stopper, tap. 4. geom. segment (of a sphere). 5. anat. valve. 6.
(book) cover. ––ı atmak /a/ to escape to. –– kızı cover girl. ––
pencere naut. hinged skylight. –– taşı stone cover or lid.
||anat. valvule, valvula, valvelet.
||1. to fall flat on one´s face. 2. (for a sailboat) to capsize,
||lidded; furnished with a cover; doored.
||stone cover or lid.
||lidless; coverless; doorless.
||1. shut, closed; covered. 2. covered, roofed (market, inner
courtyard). 3. (woman) who keeps her head covered. 4. indirect,
oblique (words). 5. secret (meeting). 6. overcast (sky). 7. blocked
(road, passage). –– celse closed session, executive session. ––
çarşı covered market. –– duruşma closed hearing. –– dükkâna kira
vermek slang 1. to betroth one´s son to a girl. 2. to get engaged
to a girl. –– geçmek /ı/ not to bring (something) up (during a
discussion). –– gişe oynamak to play to a full house. –– hava
overcast sky. –– havza geog. interior basin. –– hece gram. closed
syllable, syllable ending in a consonant. –– kalp ameliyatı
closed-heart surgery. –– kutu 1. inscrutable person. 2. thing that
one knows very little about. –– liman sheltered harbor. –– oturum
closed session, executive session. –– sözler hints, innuendoes. ––
tribün covered grandstand. –– yer korkusu claustrophobia. ––
yetişmek to be brought up without having much contact with other
people. –– zarf usulü ile by sealed tender.
||1. indefinite, unclear, vague. 2. vaguely,
||the Grand Bazaar, the Covered Bazaar (in Istanbul).
||1. being closed. 2. indirection, obliqueness (of
||1. closing, closure. 2. lamb stewed in a covered pot with
lettuce and green onions.
||1. /ı/ to close, shut. 2. /ı/ to plug up, stop up. 3. /ı/ to
block (a view, a road). 4. /ı/ to cover, conceal, hide, obscure; to
veil. 5. /ı/ to close down, shut down (a business); to suppress,
abolish (an organization). 6. /ı/ to turn off (a faucet,
electricity, a radio). 7. /ı/ to settle, pay up (an account). 8.
/ı/ to drop (a matter). 9. /ı, a/ to lock up (someone, something)
in (a place). 10. /ı/ to stockpile, hoard. 11. /ı/ to close up (the
space between rows or ranks). 12. /ı/ to reduce (the space between
||1. trap; snare (for animals). 2. trap, trick. ––a
düşmek/girmek/tutulmak/yakalanmak to fall into a trap. ––a düşürmek
/ı/ to entrap. ––a kısılmak to be caught in a trap –– kurmak to set
||,kapanca reed mat used to protect seedlings.
||1. small trap (for animals). 2. trap, trick.
||1. closed, shut. 2. gloomy, oppressive (place); overcast
(weather). 3. shut in, confined. 4. shy, unsociable, withdrawn. 5.
/la/ covered with.
||1. gloominess, oppressiveness; cloudiness. 2. shyness.
||closure, becoming closed or shut. –– saati closing time (for a
||1. to close, be shut. 2. to be blocked off. 3. to be covered,
be concealed. 4. to be closed down; to be dissolved; to go out of
business. 5. /a/ to withdraw (to). 6. /üstüne/ to hunch down
(closely) to/over. 7. to be locked up. 8. to veil herself. 9. to
come to an end, cease. 10. (for a wound) to heal. 11. (for the sky)
to become cloudy. 12. /a/ to seclude oneself in.
||1. caperbush, caper. 2. caper, bud or berry of a
||earnest money, deposit.
||slang pickings, swag, spoils. –– etmek /ı/ slang to steal,
swipe, pinch, nick.
||slang thief, nicker; swindler, con man.
||slang stealing; swindling.
||/ı/ slang to steal, swipe, pinch, nick.
||1. to be closed, be made to close. 2. to be closed down; to be
suppressed, be abolished.
||1. closing, closure, shutting. 2. mistress, concubine. 3. goods
bought cheaply by trickery. 4. basketball blocking (an opposing
||/ı/ 1. to close, shut; to cover. 2. to buy (something) cheaply
by trickery. 3. to keep (a mistress). 4. to close down; to
||large hook with a long handle.
||1. small container. 2. (shotgun, rocket) shell. 3. bot. pod,
capsule. –– meyve bot. nut.
||1. door. 2. gate. 3. possibility. 4. formerly government
office. 5. place of work. 6. backgammon a point. ––sında in the
household of. ––sı açık hospitable. –– açmak /dan/ to mention,
bring up. ––yı açmak 1. to begin. 2. to be the first, break the
ice. 3. /dan/ to bring up (a topic) which will lead to the main
point. –– ağası the chief white eunuch in the sultan´s palace. ––
almak/yapmak backgammon to get two men on a point, block a point.
–– aralığı slang bastard. ––sını aşındırmak /ın/ to visit (someone)
often. –– baca açık unprotected (place). –– bir komşu next-door
neighbor. ––yı büyük açmak 1. to embark on an expensive
undertaking. 2. to spend money prodigally. ––sında büyümek /ın/ to
grow up in the household of. ––sını çalmak /ın/ 1. to knock at
(someone´s) door. 2. to resort to, seek help from. ––yı çekmek to
shut the door. –– çerçevesi door frame. ––ya dayanmak to heave into
sight, be pounding at the door, be upon one. –– dışarı etmek /ı/ to
show (someone) the door, throw (someone, an animal) out. –– duvar
olmak for no one to answer the door (after repeated knocking). ––
gibi strapping. ––nın ipini çekmek to call on (so many) people. ––
kadar huge, enormous. ––dan kapıya door-to-door. –– kapı dolaşmak
1. to visit many people. 2. to go from office to office (trying to
get one´s business done). ––sına kilit vurmak /ın/ 1. to lock up (a
place). 2. to close down (a business). –– kolu door handle. ––
komşu next-door neighbor. ––dan kovsan/kovulsa bacadan düşer/girer.
colloq. He is shamelessly persistent. –– kuzusu/yavrusu wicket (in
a large door or gate). –– mandalı 1. door latch. 2. person whom no
one considers important. –– numarası street number (of a house).
––sı olmak /ın/ to require (so much money): Bu, on liranın
kapısıdır. This will cost you ten liras. –– tokmağı knocker, door
knocker. ––yı vurmak to knock at the door. –– yapmak 1. /a/ to lead
up to (a subject or request) gently. 2. to visit (a specified
number of) homes. 3. backgammon to block a point. ––sını yapmak
/ın/ to lead up to (a subject or request) gently. –– zinciri door
||doorkeeper; maintenance man (for a large building).
||work of a doorkeeper or maintenance man.
||,-nu member of those troops directly under the sultan´s
||/ı, a/ to place (someone) in the service (of).
||/a/ to find a job (with), enter the service (of).
||1. easily influenced, susceptible. 2. easily deceived. 3. quick
to fall in love.
||doored; gated. –– bacalı complete, finished, ready for use
||1. to be seized, be grabbed. 2. /a/ to trust in (someone) only
to be deceived. 3. /a/ to be carried away, be washed away (by). 4.
/a/ to be entranced, be carried away (by).
||doorless; gateless. –– bacasız 1. not yet completely finished
(house, apartment). 2. dilapidated.
||1. way of seizing. 2. snatch, seizing. –– kapış with wild
enthusiasm; in a mad scramble. –– kapış gitmek to be gobbled up,
sell like hot cakes, sell like crazy. –– kapış kapışmak /ı/ to
seize (something) eagerly. –– kapış yemek /ı/ to gobble up, wolf
||1. to be grabbed up; to be taken away in a wild scramble. 2. to
sell like hot cakes, sell like crazy; to be in great demand.
||1. /ı/ to snatch at; to scramble for. 2. /ı/ to buy eagerly,
rush to purchase. 3. to begin to fight or wrestle with each other.
4. slang to kiss each other.
||/ı/ to incite (people) to fight or tussle with each other.
||,-li capital, invested wealth.
||,-ti 1. (a) capitalist. 2. capitalist, capitalistic.
||quilted (cloth); tufted (upholstery); (chair or sofa) with
||,-çı stealing by snatching; purse-snatching.
||1. snatch-and-run thief; purse-snatcher. 2. one who makes big
profits out of shoddy work.
||1. being a snatch-and-run thief; purse-snatching. 2. making big
profits out of shoddy work.
||log. extension, extent.
||1. (act of) covering or coating. 2. coat; plate. 3. plating;
coating. 4. dent. crown. 5. veneer. 6. covering one side of a quilt
with a sheet. 7. naut. planking, planks. 8. covered; coated;
plated. –– diş crowned tooth.
||1. metal plater. 2. veneerer.
||1. the work of a metal plater. 2. the work of a veneerer.
||/ı/ 1. to cover, cover completely. 2. to plate; to coat; to
veneer. 3. to spread over, envelop. 4. to cover, encase.
||1. veneered. 2. plated. 3. coated.
||log. extensional, extensive.
||tiger. –– atlaması sports a vault made with the hands.
||1. to be covered. 2. to be plated; to be coated; to be
||/ı, a, la/ to have (someone) cover, veneer, plate, or coat
||1. covered; coated; plated. 2. (book, notebook) having a
protective outer cover. –– yorgan quilt covered on one side with a
||hotspring, thermal spring; hot spring resort, spa. –– tedavisi
cure at a thermal spring, thermotherapy.
||1. cupboard or shelf for storing pots and pans. 2. good for
covering (a book, a notebook).
||1. turtle; tortoise. 2. slang teardrop-shaped, two-door
Volkswagen sedan, bug, beetle. –– gibi 1. slow, slow as molasses.
2. at a snail´s pace. –– yürüyüşü snail´s pace.
||1. seizing, grabbing. 2. snatched, seized.
||1. seized, snatched. 2. puss in the corner, pussy wants a
||/ı/ 1. to snatch, seize, catch, grasp, snap up. 2. to snatch
and carry off. 3. to seize and devour, grab and eat up. 4. (for a
machine) to catch and mangle (a hand, an arm). 5. to get the hang
of (something) right away. 6. to catch (a disease). 7. to acquire,
get, develop (a habit, a manner). kapanın elinde kalmak (for
something) to go only to those who are the quickest to act.
||1. naut. hatch; bull´s-eye. 2. hood (of a car), Brit.
||man who repairs car hoods.
||repairing or making car hoods.
||caprice, fancy, whim. –– yapmak to behave capriciously.
||1. scope, embrace, extent. 2. log. extension, extent.
||/ı/ to comprise, contain, include, cover, embrace.
||1. comprehensive, broad in scope. 2. log. extensional,
||/ı, a/ to extend (something) to include (something else).
||1. bot., med., chem., anat., space capsule. 2. percussion cap,
||hood (attached to a coat or cloak).
||1. captain, skipper. 2. sports captain. –– köşkü/köprüsü naut.
bridge. –– paşa/––ı derya hist. admiral. –– pilot 1. chief pilot.
2. driver of an intercity bus.
||captaincy, captainship. –– etmek/yapmak /a/ to captain.
||1. formerly minibus. 2. a card game. 3. stealing by snatching;
||/ı, a/ 1. to have (something) snatched. 2. to get (a part of
one´s body) caught in (a machine).
||,-tu 1. military greatcoat. 2. hood (of a car), Brit. bonnet.
3. condom. 4. (a card game) lost without winning any tricks. ––
etmek /ı/ playing cards to shut (one´s opponent) out. –– gitmek
slang to fail all one´s exams. ––u kesmek/yırtmak slang to pass one
of one´s exams. –– olmak playing cards to be completely shut
||,-ni 1. canvas, sail cloth. 2. unbleached muslin.
||snow. ––dan adam snowman. –– ayakkabısı snowshoe. –– basmak 1.
/ı/ for snow to cover up/bury. 2. /a/ to store in (a cool place)
for summer use. –– bıçağı snowplow blade. –– dişi icicle. –– düşmek
/a/ to snow (on a place). –– fırtınası snowstorm. ––da gezip izini
belli etmemek to do something so slyly that no one realizes what
one´s up to. –– gibi snow-white. –– gözlüğü snow goggles. ––
helvası snow mixed with molasses. –– körlüğü snow blindness. ––
kuyusu pit for preserving snow for summer use. –– parçası very
fair-complexioned. –– sınırı snow line, snow limit. –– siperi snow
fence. –– süpürücü snowplow; snowblower, snow thrower. –– topu 1.
snowball. 2. very fair-complexioned and plump (child). –– topu
oynamak to have a snowball fight. –– tutmak for snow to stick. ––
yağmak to snow.
||1. profit. 2. benefit. –– bırakmak to yield a profit. –– etmek
1. to profit, make a profit. 2. to help, be effective. –– gayesi
gütmeyen nonprofit. –– getirmek to yield a profit. –– haddi limit
on profits. –– hissesi fin. dividend, share of the profits. ––
kalmak to remain as profit. ––ı olmamak not to be up to, not to be
equal to: Bu iş herkesin kârı değil. Not everyone is equal to this
job. –– payı fin. 1. profit margin. 2. dividend, share of the
profits. ––ına satmak/––la satmak /ı/ to sell (something) at a
profit. ––ını tamam etmek /ın/ colloq. to murder, kill. –– ve
zarar/–– zarar profit and loss. –– zarar cetveli income account,
profit and loss statement.
||1. black. 2. dark-complexioned, swarthy. 3. phot. negative. 4.
bad; unlucky. ––lar bağlamak to put on mourning; to wear mourning.
–– beniz/benizli swarthy, dark-complexioned. –– cahil grossly
ignorant. –– cümle colloq. the four arithmetical operations. ––
çalı person who breaks up a friendship by carrying tales. –– çalmak
/a/ to slander. ––ları çıkarmak to come out of mourning. –– damaklı
obstinate. –– damar anat. vein. ––sı elinde slanderer, maligner. ––
et lean meat. ––lar giymek to put on mourning; to wear mourning. ––
gün black day; time of trouble. –– gün dostu true friend, friend
who sticks by you when you´re in trouble. –– haber news of a death
or disaster. ––/kötü haber tez duyulur. proverb Bad news travels
fast. –– haberci bringer of bad news. –– kaplı kitap colloq. 1.
one´s chief reference book, one´s bible. 2. law book. –– kara
düşünmek to brood. –– kaş (someone) who has big black eyebrows.
(aralarından) –– kedi geçmek (for two friends) to start behaving
coolly to each other. –– kuru swarthy and skinny. –– kuvvet the
forces supporting reaction and religious fanaticism. –– liste
blacklist. –– listeye almak /ı/ to blacklist. –– maşa small, dark,
and thin girl or woman. –– mizah black humor. –– oğlan 1. swarthy
boy. 2. gypsy. –– sakız pitch. –– sürmek /a/ to slander, blacken
(someone´s) reputation. –– tahta blackboard. –– talih misfortune,
bad luck. –– toprak black soil, chernozem. –– yağız swarthy (young
man). –– yas deep mourning. –– yüz dishonor, disgrace, ignominy. ––
yüzlü dishonored, disgraced, in disgrace.
||1. land, dry land, shore. 2. terrestrial. ––da on land, ashore,
on shore. ––dan by land. ––ya ayak basmak to go ashore, disembark.
––ya çekmek /ı/ to beach (a boat), haul (a boat) up onto shore.
––ya çıkmak to land, disembark, go ashore. ––ya düşmek 1. to run
aground, be grounded. 2. (for flotsam) to be washed up on the
beach. 3. slang to walk into a trap; to be swindled. ––ya düşürmek
/ı/ slang to beat (someone) up. –– kaplumbağası tortoise. ––
kuvvetleri mil. ground forces, land forces. ––ya oturmak to run
aground, be grounded. –– ticareti overland trade. –– vapuru colloq.
train. ––ya vurmak to be washed up onto a shore. –– yeli land
breeze. –– yolculuğu overland journey.
||1. nightmare. 2. depression; uneasiness; anxiety.
||1. (Christian) monk. 2. confirmed bachelor. 3. a variety of
buckwheat. 4. French lavender. 5. blackhead, histomoniasis. 6.
colloq. Anatolian sheep dog.
||cormorant. –– gibi (person) who will disappear for a while and
then suddenly turn up.
||,-ti obs. 1. kinship (by blood or marriage). 2. close
connection, close relation, affinity (between two things).
||1. black pepper. 2. colloq. petite and lovely brunette. ––
||carabiniere, Italian gendarme.
||black market. ––ya düşmek (for an item) to go on the black
||colloq. sulfuric acid.
||,-tu black cloud, rain cloud.
||roe, roe deer.
||upper arm, brachium. –– kemiği anat. humerus.
||1. soldier; army officer. 2. (someone) who is a soldier;
(someone) who is an army officer.
||1. slanderer. 2. given to slandering, slanderous.
||1. gypsy. 2. brigand, highwayman. 3. fortuneteller,
||being a slanderer; slandering.
||liver. –– iltihabı path. hepatitis. –– ödyolu anat. hepatic
||1. blackthorn. 2. Christ´s-thorn. 3. person who breaks up a
friendship by carrying tales.
||smirch, stain (on one´s reputation).
||(someone) whose reputation has been besmirched; (someone) who
has gotten a bad reputation.
||the Black Sea. –– Boğazı the Bosphorus. –– fırtına, al pırtını
sırtına. colloq. Things here are in a bad way; you´d better pack up
and clear out. ––´de gemilerin mi battı? colloq. What´s eating
||zool. black widow.
||melancholic, suffering from melancholia.
||1. carbonado, bort. 2. coal.
||small carafe, small decanter.
||Oriental cockroach, Brit. blackbeetle.
||1. (a Punch-and-Judy style of) Turkish shadow show. 2. the main
figure of the Turkish shadow show. –– oynatmak 1. to perform the
shadow show. 2. to do something comical. –– oyunu Turkish shadow
||1. sargo. 2. slang small dice. 3. black-eyed. 4. black-eyed
pea, cowpea. –– tirsi black-eyed shad.
||1. operator of a shadow show. 2. maker and seller of
||1. operating a shadow show. 2. making shadow-show puppets.
||comical behavior, tomfoolery. –– etmek to amuse people by doing
||poker (for a fire).
||typhoid fever, enteric fever.
||1. (a) Karaite. 2. Karaite, of the Karaites.
||Karaite (a Turkic dialect).
||a black donkey.
||1. charcoal (for drawing). 2. charcoal drawing. 3. charcoal,
done in charcoal.
||black amber, jet.
||the coldest part of the winter, the dead of winter.
||1. police station; gendarme station. 2. any official force
upholding public order. –– gemisi coast-guard ship, patrol vessel.
–– gezmek (for a policeman) to patrol his beat; (for a group) to go
out on patrol. –– hattı line of patrol stations along an
international border. –– nöbetçisi soldier on patrol.
||1. (matter) for the police to deal with, warranting arrest. 2.
(someone) who should be arrested; (someone) liable to arrest. ––
olmak 1. to have to be taken to the police station. 2. to be liable
||1. black bogy, bugbear, bugaboo (invoked to frighten naughty
children). 2. very ugly person.
||character. –– eğitimi character training. –– oyuncusu character
actor. –– rolü character part.
||1. characteristic, distinctive. 2. (a) characteristic. 3. math.
||1. of good character, just and honest. 2. of (a specified)
||unprincipled, lacking moral fiber.
||lack of moral fiber.
||hist. kavass attending a high government official.
||manservant of a Janissary officer.
||a black eagle.
||1. bot. collard. 2. collards, collard greens.
||1. scribbling; doodling. 2. crossing out. 3. calligraphic
exercise. 4. draft, rough draft. 5. slander. –– defteri notebook
for rough drafts.
||/ı/ 1. to deface (something) with drawings or scribblings. 2.
to cross out (something written). 3. to slander. 4. to draft,
||1. to be defaced with drawings or scribblings. 2. to be crossed
out. 3. to be made black. 4. to be slandered.
||to turn black, blacken.
||/ı,a/ 1. to allow (someone) to deface (something); to have
(someone) deface (something). 2. to have (someone) slander
||black-spotted; mixed or spotted with black. –– beyazlı colored
both black and white.
||1. indistinct figure (obscured by darkness, distance, or mist).
2. dark spot; stain. 3. silhouette.
||Karaman. ––´ın koyunu, sonra çıkar oyunu. colloq. There´s
something fishy about this./I smell a rat.
||a fat-tailed sheep.
||,-lü 1. carom, billiard, Brit. cannon. 2. colloq. collision,
smashup. 3. colloq. confusion caused by a collision. –– yapmak to
carom, make a carom.
||mixed or sweetened with caramel.
||1. pessimistic. 2. pessimist.
||1. corncockle, corn rose, rose campion. 2. roseola, roseola
||,-ni colloq. 1. person of no importance. 2. insignificant
thing, trifle. –– sanmak /ı/ to underrate, underestimate
||1. carnation; clove pink, gillyflower. 2. clove. 3. clove tree.
4. slang asshole, anus. ––i sıkmak slang to endure, hold out; to be
patient. –– yağı oil of cloves.
||,-nu herb bennet, yellow avens.
||1. dark, without light. 2. the dark, darkness; dark place. 3.
obscure, unclarified. 4. bad, wicked. 5. dangerous. ––ta in the
dark, in the darkness. –– basmadan before nightfall. –– basmak for
darkness or night to fall. –– düşünce wicked thought. –– etmek to
block the light. ––ta göz kırpmak to try to explain something using
incomprehensible signals or language. ––a kalmak to arrive after
dark. ––a kurşun sıkmak to take a shot in the dark. –– oda
darkroom. –– olmak to get dark.
||quarantine. ––ya almak /ı/ to quarantine. –– bayrağı quarantine
flag. –– dairesi quarantine office. ––dan geçmek to go through
quarantine. –– kordonu cordon sanitaire, sanitary cordon. –– koymak
/a/ to quarantine (a place). ––da yatmak (for a ship) to be in
||1. decision. 2. stability, predictability. 3. proper degree,
acceptable limit. 4. estimate, approximation. 5. classical Turkish
mus. a return to the original mode. 6. just right, neither too
little nor too much. ––ınca in moderation, without going to
extremes. –– almak to make a decision. –– altına almak/––a bağlamak
/ı/ to make a decision about. ––ında bırakmak /ı/ to avoid (doing
something) in excess. –– bulmak /da/ to reach a firm decision
about. –– kılmak /da/ to choose, settle upon (something) as one´s
choice. ––ında olmak 1. (with an infinitive) to be firmly resolved
to (do something). 2. to be done in moderation. ––a varmak to
arrive at a decision, reach a decision. –– vermek 1. /a/ to decide
to. 2. to make a decision.
||1. estimation, rough calculation. 2. done by guessing. 3. by
||by estimating roughly.
||1. /ı/ to estimate (something) roughly. 2. to make a rough
||to be decided, be agreed on.
||to be decided, be agreed on.
||/ı/ to decide, agree on.
||1. determined, resolute. 2. uniform, unvarying. –– dalga phys.
standing wave, stationary wave. –– denge phys. stable
||1. resolution, determination. 2. stability.
||1. darkening, getting dark. 2. cin. fade-out.
||1. to get dark; to turn black. 2. (for light) to
||1. (written or printed) governmental decree or decision. 2.
governmental decision signed by the Council of Ministers and/or the
President of Turkey.
||1. hesitant, undecided. 2. changeable, unstable. –– denge
unstable equilibrium. –– olmak to be undecided; to waver.
||1. indecision. 2. instability.
||1. indistinct figure. 2. dark spot; stain.
||1. darkening, making something dark. 2. blackout.
||/ı/ to darken.
||a primitive plow.
||terrestrial. –– kumul land dune. –– oluşuk geol. terrestrial
||1. passionate and hopeless love. 2. melancholia. ––ya
düşmek/tutulmak/uğramak 1. to be passionately and hopelessly in
love. 2. to suffer from melancholia.
||1. passionately and hopelessly in love. 2. melancholic,
suffering from melancholia.
||1. glaucoma. 2. a swelling in the hoof of a horse. 3. slowly
flowing water. –– humması blackwater fever.
||,-nı territorial waters.
||1. large kettle, cauldron (used in institutional kitchens). 2.
food, chow; mess, soldier´s meal. 3. a thin, flat diamond. 4. mil.,
slang missing the target completely. –– borusu mess call. ––dan
yemek colloq. 1. to mess together. 2. to lead a simple life.
||1. mess carrier. 2. slang soldier who misses the target
||1. caravel. 2. naut. irregularity, nonobservance of the
||a freshwater crayfish.
||unlucky, plagued by misfortune.
||1. northwest wind. 2. northwest.
||blacksnake, black racer.
||,-nu highway, road; overland route.
||chem. carbon. –– devri geol. the Carboniferous period. ––
kâğıdı carbon paper.
||,-tı 1. baking soda, sodium bicarbonate. 2. chem. (a)
||/ı/ chem. to carbonate, impregnate with carbonic acid.
||chem. carbon dioxide.
||,-tı chem. carbohydrate.
||chem. carbonic. –– asit chem. carbonic acid.
||/ı/ to carburize.
||to become carbonized.
||/ı/ to carbonize.
||carbonous, carbonaceous, containing carbon.
||chem. carbon monoxide.
||chem. carbide (a binary compound of carbon with a more
||carburetor, Brit. carburettor. –– kelebeği carburetor
||,-ni snowflake, leucojum.
||1. auto., mech. universal joint, universal coupling, universal.
2. mech. Cardan, Cardan Joint. –– kavraması 1. auto., mech.
universal joint, universal coupling, universal. 2. mech. Cardan,
Cardan joint. –– mili 1. auto., mech. drive shaft. 2. mech. Cardan
||prov. brother; sister; sibling.
||1. brother; sister; sibling. 2. an informal form of address:
Kardeş, bunu şoföre uzatır mısın? Would you mind handing this to
the driver? ––ten ileri olmak to be bosom friends. –– kardeş in a
brotherly or sisterly way. –– katili fratricide; sororicide
(murderer). –– katli fratricide; sororicide (murder). –– kavgası
fratricidal quarrel. –– köy a village to which students in a school
give aid. –– payı yapmak to divide something equally, go
||1. in a brotherly manner, fraternally; in a sisterly manner. 2.
brotherly, fraternal; sisterly.
||,-nı kino, kino gum. –– ağacı kino, East Indian kino.
||/ı, a/ to have (something) mixed or blended.
||,-li cardinal (in the Roman Catholic Church).
||1. cardinalate, cardinalship, the office or rank of a cardinal.
2. being a cardinal.
||1. square, any square thing. 2. math. square. 3. square,
square-shaped. ––sini almak /ın/ math. to square. –– matris math.
||,-kü math. square root. ––ünü almak /ın/ math. to extract the
square root (of).
||crow. –– beyni prov. a dish prepared with yogurt and grape
syrup. ––lar bok yemeden vulg. very early in the morning. ––yı
bülbül diye satmak colloq. 1. to praise the politeness and
refinement of someone rude and unrefined. 2. to try to pass off
someone/something ugly as beautiful; to swindle someone. –– derneği
assemblage of fools or scoundrels. –– gibi swarthy and skinny. ––
sekmez lonely, deserted (place). –– taşlamak slang to pester a girl
with improper advances. –– yürüyüşü moving forward by hopping while
in a squatting position (an exercise).
||naut. 1. capsizing, turning over. 2. hauling in the sails. ––
etmek /ı/ 1. to prime (a pump). 2. naut. to top (the yards).
||,-nu (a pair of) pointed wire cutters.
||1. nux vomica. 2. nux vomica tree.
||1. scrawly. 2. in a scrawl. –– yazmak to write in a
||1. civic turmoil, tumult, or disorder; anarchy. 2. commotion,
hullabaloo, pandemonium. 3. confusion, chaos, scramble; seething
mass. –– çıkarmak 1. to incite a tumult; to incite anarchy. 2. to
cause confusion or pandemonium.
||marked by civil disorder; anarchic.
||1. civil turmoil, tumult, or disorder; anarchy. 2. commotion,
hullabaloo, pandemonium. 3. confusion, chaos, scramble; seething
||used in: –– çıkarmak /ı, dan/(for several people) to grab
(someone) by his arms and legs, lift him up, and carry him out of
(a place). –– etmek /ı/ (for several people) to grab (someone) by
his arms and legs and lift him up in the air. –– götürmek /ı/ (for
several people) to grab (someone) by his arms and legs, lift him
up, and carry him out/off.
||1. pike; javelin; lance. 2. prov. cane; bamboo.
||cartridge belt; bandolier.
||/ı/ to curse.
||large woodworking plane.
||curse, imprecation. –– etmek/vermek /a/ to curse.
||/ı/ to curse.
||to be cursed.
||1. wife, spouse; law married woman. 2. vulg. broad, woman. ––
ağızlı (man) who gossips like a woman. ––sı ağızlı (husband) who is
merely a mouthpiece for his wife´s opinions. –– almak /ı/ to marry.
–– kısmı vulg. womankind. –– kızan prov. the whole household, wife
and children. –– koca hayatı married life. –– kocalık the married
state, matrimony. ––sı kurusu (his) wife and household. –– milleti
vulg. womankind. –– pazarı vulg. noisy crowd.
||1. snow blindness. 2. snow-blind.
||to be dazzled/blinded by sunlit snow.
||to become effeminate.
||1. (someone) who has (so many) wives. 2. (someone) who has (a
certain kind of) wife. –– kocalı (a group) of husbands and their
||1. wifehood; wifeliness. 2. vulg. being a broad. –– etmek 1.
/a/ to do her wifely duty by (her husband). 2. vulg. (for a man) to
||1. to be mixed, be mingled. 2. (for animals) to mate.
||prov. (for a woman) to get old, grow old.
||,-rnı 1. abdomen; abdominal region. 2. belly, stomach. 3. womb.
4. belly; the rounded, protrusive part (of something). 5. colloq.
mind, head. 6. phys. antinode, loop. ––ı acıkmak to be hungry, get
hungry. ––ı aç hungry. ––ı ağrımak to have a stomach ache. ––
ağrısı 1. stomach ache, colic. 2. colloq. a pain in the neck
(person). 3. colloq. what-do-you-call-it, whatyoumayjigger. ––
boşluğu anat. abdominal cavity. ––ı burnunda very much in the
family way, big with child. ––ını deşmek /ın/ colloq. to stab
(someone) in the belly. ––ı doymak to be full, have eaten one´s
fill. ––ını doyurmak 1. to eat one´s fill. 2. /ın/ to feed
(someone). –– fıtığı path. abdominal hernia. ––ı geniş easygoing,
nonchalant. ––ı gitmek to have diarrhea. ––ı karnına geçmiş
painfully thin person. ––ından konuşan kimse ventriloquist. ––ından
konuşma ventriloquism. ––ından konuşmak to ventriloquize. ––ından
söylemek 1. to speak very softly. 2. to make up a tale, make up a
yarn. ––ı sürmek to have diarrhea. ––ı tok not hungry, full. ––ım
tok (bu sözlere). colloq. I´m tired of hearing about it. ––ı tok,
sırtı pek well-off and contented with life. –– üstüne iniş crash
landing (made without using the landing gear). –– yüzgeci ventral
fin. ––ı zil/dümbelek çalmak for (one´s) stomach to growl from
hunger; (for someone) to be very hungry.
||1. ant. 2. blowhole (in a metal casting). –– ağzı very small
opening. –– asidi formic acid. –– belli wasp-waisted. ––yı bile
incitmemek/ezmemek not to hurt an ant, to be very tenderhearted.
––ya binmek to go at a snail´s pace. –– duası gibi small or cramped
and illegibly scrawly (handwriting). –– ezmez very gentle and
compassionate. –– kararınca/kaderince doing as much as one can
(even if it´s only a little). –– sürüsü swarm of ants. –– yuvası
ant nest; anthill. –– yuvası gibi kaynamak (for a place) to teem or
be swarming with people.
||1. being full of ants. 2. pins and needles,
||1. to be crawling with ants. 2. (for a limb) to have/get pins
and needles in it, tingle after being numb. 3. (for a metal
casting) to develop blowholes.
||1. full of ants. 2. (metal casting) that has blowholes in it.
3. riddled with rust holes.
||archaic brother; sister.
||naut. pulling up alongside. –– kancası grapnel, grappling iron,
||/a/ naut. to pull up alongside.
||1. potbellied. 2. having a bulge in the middle.
||1. to be mixed, be mixed together. 2. prov. (for fowls) to
||prov. molting, molting season (of birds). ––ya girmek to begin
||1. whirlpool. 2. naut. wave that hits the side of a
||,-nı anat. peritoneum. –– yangısı/iltihabı path.
||span, handspan. –– karış 1. every inch (of a place). 2. over
every inch (of it). 3. with a fine-tooth comb, very carefully. ––
karış dili var. colloq. He´s/She´s very sassy.
||1. mixed; assorted, miscellaneous; heterogeneous; motley. 2.
adulterated, not pure. 3. confused, disorganized, jumbled. 4.
complicated; complex. 5. (someone) who deals with the jinn. ––
hisler mixed feelings. –– ismi fail colloq. complicated matter. ––
konuşmak to speak incoherently or contradictorily.
||1. confusion, disorder. 2. civic turmoil, tumult. –– çıkarmak
to incite a tumult, stir up trouble.
||/a/ impersonal passive to interfere, intervene.
||1. mix, mixture, blend. 2. med. complication.
||/ı/ to measure by the span of one´s hand.
||1. mixing, mingling. 2. interference, meddling. 3. med.
||1. /la/ to mix (with), be mixed (with); to be dispersed (in).
2. to get mixed up, become confused, become jumbled. 3. (for water)
to become rough or turbid. 4. /a/ to interfere (in), meddle (in).
5. /a/ to flow into (another river). 6. /a/ to join, become a part
of. 7. /a/ to be responsible for, deal (with), be in charge (of),
exercise control (over). Karışma. Mind your own business./Don´t
interfere. Karışmam. 1. It´s none of my business. 2. I don´t want
to have anything to do with it. 3. Don´t blame me if things go
wrong. karışanı görüşeni olmamak to be free from interference, be
able to act exactly as one sees fit.
||1. mixer; agitator; a machine, a part of a machine, or an
implement that mixes or agitates. 2. mixer; agitator; person whose
job is to mix or agitate. 3. agitator, troublemaker, mischiefmaker.
4. (someone) who creates or promotes discord.
||troublemaking, creating or promoting discord; being a
||1. being mixed or stirred. 2. being confused with something
||1. to be mixed together. 2. /la/ to be confused (with).
||1. mixing. 2. confusing, confusion, mixing up.
||1. /ı/ to mix, stir; to blend. 2. /ı, la/ to confuse (someone
or something) with. 3. /ı/ to get (things) mixed up in one´s mind.
4. /ı/ to rummage through; to thumb through. 5. /ı, a/ to get
(someone) involved in or mixed up in (something); to introduce (one
topic) alongside (another).
||shrimp, Brit. prawn; scampi. –– kokteyli shrimp cocktail.
||1. caricature (drawing). 2. cartoon; comic strip. 3. poor
imitation of, poor substitute for. ––ünü yapmak /ın/ to draw a
||the art or work of a caricaturist.
||,-ti 1. caricaturist. 2. one who does takeoffs on others.
||,karikatürleştirmek /ı/ 1. to caricature. 2. to do a takeoff
||bottom (of a ship). –– etmek/––ya basmak /ı/ to careen (a
||1. law circumstantial evidence, indirect evidence, piece of
circumstantial evidence. 2. indication, sign. –– ile anlamak /ı/ to
infer, conclude (something) by inference.
||career. –– yapmak to build a career.
||carillon, set of bells.
||(the concrete) skeleton (of a building).
||,-nu snow bunting, snowbird, snowflake.
||snowy; snow-clad, covered with snow; snow-capped.
||profitable, advantageous. –– çıkmak (for someone) to come out
ahead, make a profit; (for a job) to turn out to be
||1. pit where snow is stored. 2. wicker-covered glass container
used for cooling liquids with snow.
||1. mixing. 2. mixed. 3. coeducational. –– eğitim coeducation.
–– ekonomi mixed economy. –– hükümet coalition gövernment. ––
komisyon joint committee. –– liste pol. split ticket. –– okul
coeducational school. –– takım mixed team. –– tamlama gram. a
possessive construction in which possessor or possessed or both are
||advocacy of a mixed economy.
||1. mixer, mixing machine. 2. a wall plaster of mud and
||1. /ı/ to mix, blend (a dry substance and a liquid). 2. /ı/ to
shuffle (cards). 3. /ı, a/ to thrust (something) into (something
||in utter disorder, in complete confusion. –– etmek /ı/ to mess
up completely, put into complete disarray. –– olmak to be
completely messed up, be put into utter disorder.
||in utter confusion, in complete disorder, very
||(urban) robbery, mugging. –– etmek/––ya getirmek /ı/ to rob,
||1. confusion. 2. complicated matter. 3. complexity. 4. psych.
||complex, complicated. –– sayı math. complex number. ––
tuz chem. complex salt.
||complication, becoming complicated.
||to become complex, get complicated.
||1. med. becoming complicated. 2. becoming jumbled.
||1. med. to become complicated. 2. to become jumbled.
||/ı/ 1. med. to complicate. 2. to jumble.
||prov. fishgarth, fishweir (at the mouth of a stream).
||prov. big hook.
||,-ti see karnabahar.
||1. Mardi Gras celebration, pre-Lenten festivity. 2. the Mardi
||1. (student´s) report card. 2. card (used for an official
||1. black-eyed pea, cowpea. 2. malicious, malevolent
||1. dish made of eggplant stuffed with ground meat. 2. bonito
pickled in brine.
||1. playing cards diamond. 2. square cement floor tile.
||body (of a vehicle).
||1. maker of vehicle bodies. 2. body repairman.
||,-ti chem. carbide, calcium carbide. –– lambası carbide lamp,
||1. watermelon. 2 globe, globe-shaped glass lampshade. 3.
globe-shaped. –– fener Chinese lantern. –– kabuğunu görmeden denize
girme. proverb Don´t do a thing until the time is ripe for it. ––
kol puff sleeve.
||watermelon seller; watermelon grower.
||selling or raising watermelons.
||corsac, Afghan fox.
||,-tı geol. karst.
||1. the place opposite. 2. facing, opposite. 3. opposing. 4.
counter-, anti-. 5. /a/ facing, in the direction of, toward. 6. /a/
in return for. 7. /a/ in response to. 8. /a/ toward, to, for. 9.
/a/ against, contrary to. 10. /a/ against, as a cure for, as a
countermeasure to. ––dan bakmak /a/ to look on idly. –– çıkış
objection, protest. –– çıkmak /a/ 1. to oppose. 2. to object (to).
3. to go to meet (someone). ––sına çıkmak /ın/ 1. to appear
suddenly in front of (one). 2. to oppose. –– dava counterclaim.
––sına dikilmek /ın/ 1. to stand facing (someone). 2. to oppose. ––
duran opponent. –– durmak /a/ to resist, oppose. ––ya geçmek to
cross over to the other side. –– gelme defiance. –– gelmek /a/ to
defy; to oppose openly. –– gerilla counterguerrilla. –– gitmek /a/
to go to meet (someone). –– görüşlü 1. opposed, opposing. 2.
opponent. –– hücum counterattack. –– hücuma geçmek to
counterattack. –– itham countercharge. –– ithamda bulunmak to
countercharge. –– karşıya face to face. ––dan karşıya from one side
to another, across. –– koyma resistance. –– koymak /a/ to oppose,
resist, make a stand (against). –– olmak /a/ to be against. ––sında
olmak /ın/ to oppose. –– oy opposing vote, negative vote. –– reform
counterreformation. –– rüzgâr adverse wind. –– taarruz
counteroffensive. –– taarruza geçmek to start a counteroffensive.
–– takım opposing team. –– taraf opposite side. –– teklif 1.
counterproposal. 2. counteroffer. –– yaka the opposite shore, the
||1. one who goes out to meet a visitor, welcomer. 2. opposing,
holding a contrary view.
||1. the one opposite. 2. opposite, the opposite,
||1. meeting, greeting, reception, welcome. 2. folk music played
or sung when meeting a bridal procession. –– töreni welcoming
||/ı/ 1. to go to meet; to welcome. 2. to cover, pay; to be
enough (for), meet (a need). 3. to respond to, react to. 4. to
remedy; to prevent.
||1. to be met, be welcomed. 2. to be received.
||1. encounter. 2. game, match. 3. opposability, opposition (of
||1. to meet (each other). 2. /la/ to meet, run into. 3. /la/ to
face, be confronted with, be up against. 4. sports to play each
||1. to be compared. 2. to be brought face to face.
||1. comparison. 2. confrontation. –– derecesi gram. the
||/ı/ 1. to compare. 2. to bring (people) face to face. 3. to
cause (chemicals) to react.
||1. comparative. 2. contrastive. –– dilbilim comparative
||1. greeter. 2. preventive. 3. /ı/ (something, someone) that
meets/fulfills (a need, a wish).
||1. response, reaction. 2. response, reply. 3. equivalent (of a
term). 4. amount paid; equivalent given in return. 5.
appropriation, designated fund. 6. opposite, contrary. 7. /a/ in
contrast to. 8. /a/ in response to. 9. /a/ in payment for. ––
istemez. Don´t argue./Don´t talk back. –– olarak 1. in return. 2.
in reply. –– vermek /a/ to talk back (to), answer (someone)
||1. mutual, reciprocal. 2. opposite, facing one another. ––
benzeşme ling. mutual assimilation. –– olarak mutually. –– sigorta
mutual insurance. –– taahhüt agreement, mutual agreement. ––
yapraklar opposite leaves. –– yardım mutual assistance. –– yer
değiştirmek (for two officials) to exchange posts.
||1. complimentary, gratis. 2. (check) the amount of which cannot
be covered by the funds in the account on which it has been
written, bad: Bana karşılıksız bir çek verdi. He gave me a bad
check. 3. unreturned, unrequited, not reciprocated. 4. unanswered.
–– çıkmak (for a check) to bounce. –– satış short sale. –– satış
yapmak to sell short.
||/a/ in spite of.
||,-tı 1. contrary; opposite. 2. /a/ in disagreement with,
opposed to. –– anlamlı gram. antonymous, opposite in
||1. opponent. 2. opposing, opposed.
||refutation by proving the antithesis.
||/ı/ to refute (a thesis) by proving its opposite.
||contradicting each other; being mutually opposed, /la/ being
contradictory to (each other).
||to contradict each other; /la/ to be contradictory to (each
||1. contrast, being opposite. 2. disagreement.
||,-tı 1. card. 2. calling card. 3. postcard.
||,-tı 1. old, past his prime. 2. tough, hard, not fresh or
tender (food). –– kız colloq. old maid.
||eagle. –– burun aquiline nose. –– gözlü eagle-eyed,
keen-sighted. ––a kaçmak slang to get old and tough; to be past its
prime. –– yavrusu eaglet.
||(something) that has an eagle or eagles on/in it. –– eğreltiotu
||to get old, lose one´s youthful vigor.
||,kartaloz slang old, past it, over the hill.
||naut. keg (for drinking water).
||numbered card (used in a lottery).
||1. guard, case, or housing (for a moving part of a machine). 2.
auto., mech. crankcase. 3. chain guard (of a bicycle).
||phil. 1. Cartesian, of or relating to Cartesianism. 2. (a)
Cartesian, adherent of Cartesianism.
||1. to grow old, get past one´s prime. 2. to toughen and lose
||1. being past one´s prime. 2. staleness, toughness.
||cartographer, map maker.
||pasteboard; cardboard. –– kapak cover (of a paperback
||1. plaster ornament or ornamentation (usually fixed on a
ceiling or the upper part of the interior wall of a room). 2.
carton pierre; fibrous plaster.
||,-nu 1. see kar topu. 2. snowball, guelder rose.
||1. card catalog; card index. 2. cabinet or drawer which houses
a card catalog or card index. 3. case or cupboard in which maps are
kept. –– fişi index card.
||1. postcard. 2. a size of photograph: 9 x 12 cm. 3. photograph
measuring 9 x 12 cm.
||(bullet, ink, film) cartridge.
||,-ti calling card. –– bırakmak 1. to leave one´s calling card.
2. slang to vomit, throw up, barf, upchuck, toss up, toss one´s
||1. a rich man mentioned in the Koran. 2. very rich person, (a)
Croesus. –– gibi (as) rich as Croesus.
||biol. karyokinesis, mitosis.
||bed, bedstead (especially one that has a headboard and a
||muscle. –– ağrısı path. myalgia. –– kasılması muscular
contraction. –– kopması tearing a muscle. –– teli anat. muscular
fiber. –– tutukluğu muscle cramp. –– uru path. myoma. –– zarı anat.
||1. safe, strongbox. 2. cash register, till. 3. safe-deposit
box. 4. in games the bank. 5. body (of a truck or railroad car). 6.
case (for bottles). 7. case (for holding type). 8. naut. loop on
the end of a rope; grommet. 9. door frame; window frame. 10.
gymnastics horse. –– açığı deficit, cash shortage. –– bakiyesi cash
on hand. –– bilançosu cash balance sheet. –– bilançosu yapmak to
balance the cash. –– dairesi strongroom. –– defteri cashbook. ––
fazlası unaccounted cash surplus. –– hesabı cash account. ––
hırsızı safebreaker, safe-cracker. –– kontrolü cash audit. ––
mevcudu cash, cash balance. –– soymak to break a safe. –– tazminatı
extra amount paid one responsible for handling cash. –– yevmiyesi
||small town, large village.
||dweller in a small town.
||1. cashier. 2. treasurer.
||work of a cashier.
||1. butcher. 2. butcher shop. 3. slang driver who is hard on
cars (or trucks). –– çırağı butcher´s helper. –– dükkânı butcher
shop. ––a et/yağ borcu mu var?/––a et/yağ borcu yok ya. colloq. He
is getting too fat. –– yağ/et derdinde, koyun can derdinde. proverb
Every person views things in the light of his own interest. ––
havası 1. a folk dance. 2. the music of this dance. –– süngeri very
nasty thing. –– süngeri ile silinmiş 1. half washed, dirtier than
if not washed at all, disgusting, nasty. 2. shameless, unabashed.
––, yağı bol olunca gerisini yağlar. proverb When there is excess
it tends to be wasted.
||1. butchery, butcher´s trade or business, butchering. 2.
(animal) fit for slaughter.
||naut. an upper deck situated fore or aft. –– altı steerage. ––
üstü poop deck.
||/ı/ see kastarlamak.
||,-ti worry, anxiety. –– basmak /a/ to be overcome by worry or
anxiety, be filled with worry or anxiety. –– çekmek/etmek to worry,
be anxious, feel anxious.
||to worry, be anxious, feel anxious.
||free of worry, unworried, untroubled.
||1. bowl. 2. slang rump, bottom, hind end.
||oath. –– billah etmek to swear to God.
||anat. 1. groin. 2. inguinal. –– bezi anat. inguinal gland. ––
bölgesi anat. inguinal region. ––ı çatlamak to get a hernia. ––
fıtığı path. inguinal hernia.
||maker or seller of trusses or hernias.
||,-nı truss for a hernia.
||,-ni crab louse, crab.
||muscular, pertaining to muscle.
||1. contraction. 2. spasm.
||1. contraction. 2. spasm. 3. swagger.
||1. to contract. 2. to shorten, get shorter. 3. to be lessened.
4. to swagger, show off; to act high and mighty. 5. slang to sit
||1. contraction. 2. spasm, cramp. 3. acting high and
||1. (for a muscle) to become cramped, contract spasmodically. 2.
to act high and mighty.
||1. colloq. acting high and mighty, swagger. 2. stitching used
to shorten a garment.
||1. colloq. swaggering, (someone) who acts high and mighty. 2.
shortened by stitching.
||,-srı summer palace, pleasure-house.
||whirlwind; tornado; cyclone.
||,-stı 1. law criminal intention, intent to harm or do wrong. 2.
purpose, design, intention. ––ıyla with the intention of, intending
to, in order to: Âdem´i öldürmek kastıyla kahveye gitti. He went to
the café intending to kill Âdem. ––ı olmak /a/ to intend to
do (someone) harm, have a design upon.
||1. deliberate, intentional. 2. deliberately, intentionally, on
||1. undeliberate, unintentional. 2. undeliberately,
||writer of a qasida.
||open drainage ditch cut across a road.
||1. very hard, rigid. 2. stock-still.
||,-ti (any) cap or hat (which has a bill or visor).
||maker or seller of caps.
||wearing a cap.
||/ı/ 1. to take in (a garment). 2. to shorten (a tether, a tie).
3. to reduce (an amount). 4. to pull on (the bit of a horse), rein
up. 5. to oppress. kasıp kavurmak /ı/ 1. to tyrannize, oppress,
terrorize. 2. to destroy, ruin.
||1. wide hoop or rim. 2. hoop or rim (of a sieve or tambourine).
3. embroidery hoop, tambour. 4. reinforced waistband of a
wrestler´s leather trousers. 5. wrestling grasping the opponent´s
waistband with the fingers inside and the thumb out. 6. mech.
grooved rim (of a wheel). –– işi tambour, embroidery made on a
tambour frame. –– kayışı mech. belt.
||person who makes embroidery hoops or wooden hoops for sieves or
||/ı/ 1. to hoop, put (something) in a hoop. 2. to give (someone)
a bear hug. 3. slang to rub up against (someone).
||encased in a hoop, rim, or cylinder. –– beton reinforced
concrete cast into a compressing cylinder.
||ammoniac, gum ammoniac.
||slang by force.
||1. pawl, detent, ratchet (on a ratchet wheel or capstan). 2.
brake bar on a hawsepipe. –– yuvası notch on a ratchet wheel.
||/ı/ to bleach.
||deliberately, intentionally, on purpose.
||1. /ı/ to mean to say, mean: Maruf demekle neyi
kastediyorsunuz? What do you mean by saying “famous”? Köy deyince
Dudullu´yu kastediyor? When he says “the village” he means Dudullu.
Beni mi kastetti? Did she mean me? 2. /ı/ to intend, purpose, aim,
mean: Bununla ona bir ders vermeyi kastettiler. They intended this
to be a lesson to him. 3. /a/ to harbor evil intentions towards,
have designs upon, intend to do (someone) harm.
||1. deliberate, intentional. 2. deliberately, intentionally, on
||1. zool. beaver. 2. beaver, beaver fur. 3. beaver, made of
||,-ti melancholy, depression, gloom. –– basmak/çökmek /a/ to be
overcome by melancholy, be filled with gloom: Bana gene kasvet
bastı. Once again I´m filled with gloom. –– vermek /a/ to fill
(someone) with melancholy or gloom, make (someone) melancholy or
||dreary, gloomy, depressing, melancholy.
||1. eyebrow. 2. brow, projection. 3. pommel (of a saddle). 4.
collet (for a gem). ––ının altında gözün var dememek /a/ not to do
the slightest thing to irritate (someone). ––larını çatmak to
frown. –– göz etmek /a/ to wink (at); to signal (to someone) with
one´s eyes and eyebrows. ––la göz arasında in the twinkling of an
eye, in a trice. –– kemeri the upper margin of the eye socket. ––
yapayım derken göz çıkarmak to make matters worse while trying to
||1. currycomb. 2. back scratcher. –– rendesi smoothing
||/ı/ to curry, groom.
||to be curried, be groomed.
||,-tu 1. cachalot, sperm whale. 2. slang imbecile, idiot,
||slang idiot, dunderhead.
||1. staling, urinating. 2. stale, urine of a horse. –– yeri spot
alongside a road where pack or draft animals are rested.
||/ı/ to let (an animal) rest and stale.
||luxurious dwelling, mansion.
||1. a mild, pale yellow cheese made of sheep´s milk. 2. kosher.
3. slang trickster, con man. 4. slang (someone) who is a trickster.
5. slang dirty and smelly person. 6. slang dirty and smelly
||slang 1. to become experienced, practiced, or adept (at doing
something). 2. to become hardened to evildoing.
||slang 1. experienced, practiced, adept. 2. (someone) who has
become hardened to evildoing.
||slang, see kaşarlanmak.
||1. (something) which is made with kaşar cheese. 2. slang
experienced, practiced, adept. 3. (someone) who has become hardened
||,-ni 1. a mild, pale yellow cheese made of sheep´s milk. 2.
slang trickster, con man. 3. slang (someone) who is a trickster. 4.
slang dirty and smelly person. 5. slang dirty and smelly
||prov. cloth tied around the forehead.
||1. pharm. cachet, wafer, wafer capsule. 2. seal (implement or
||1. kosher. 2. a mild, pale yellow cheese made of sheep´s
||1. spoon. 2. spoonful. 3. wooden spoons used as castanets. 4.
curette. 5. stoneworker´s spoon-shaped crowbar. –– atmak/çalmak /a/
to eat (something) quickly. –– çalımı colloq. supper time. ––
düşmanı colloq. one´s wife. –– kadar emaciated (face). –– kaşık by
spoonfuls. –– kepçesi bowl of a spoon. –– matkabı core bit (for
rock drilling). –– oyunu folk dance performed while beating time
with wooden spoons. ––la yedirip/aş verip sapıyla (gözünü)
çıkartmak to spoil a good deed with a bad one.
||spoon maker; spoon seller. –– elması the largest diamond in the
jewel collection of the Ottoman imperial house.
||making or selling spoons.
||,kaşıkgaga shoveler, spoonbill, shovelbill.
||/ı/ 1. to eat (something) with a spoon. 2. to spoon (food) into
one´s mouth greedily.
||1. to be eaten with a spoon. 2. to be greedily eaten (with a
||(something, someone) that has a spoon.
||1. box or container for storing table silver. 2. good for
making spoons. 3. spoonful.
||/ı/ to scratch (an itchy place).
||/ı/ to make (someone) itch.
||1. to itch. 2. to scratch an itchy place. 3. colloq. to be
itching for a beating or scolding, be asking for it, be cruising
for a bruising.
||1. (someone, an animal) that has an itch. 2. itchy, itching;
||slang 1. trick, deceit. 2. lie. –– yapmak slang to pull a fast
one, cheat someone.
||slang trickster, con man.
||1. a yellow cheese. 2. slang dumb, dimwitted. 3. fid
(supporting a topmast).
||slang stupidity, dimwittedness.
||(woman´s) camisole, underwaist.
||1. (someone) who has (a certain kind of) eyebrows, -browed. 2.
bushy-browed. 3. colleted. –– gözlü 1. (someone) who has nice eyes
and eyebrows. 2. (someone) who has an attractive face.
||,kaşmerdikoz slang clown; oddball; drip.
||,-tı 1. story, floor, Brit. storey. 2. layer, stratum; fold. 3.
set (of clothes). 4. presence, the presence of a distinguished
personage. 5. time(s). 6. math. multiple. ––ında in his opinion. ––
çıkmak to add a story (to a building). –– irtifakı a sharing by
each of a building´s owners in the ownership of any story added to
their building. –– kat 1. in layers. 2. many times more, much more.
–– mülkiyeti condominium, ownership of one unit within a multi-unit
building. –– yeri crease, fold.
||,-t´ı obs. cutting, sundering, severing.
||,-tu reflector (used on a vehicle or guardrail).
||slang trick, ruse, shenanigan. ––ye gelmek slang to be taken
in. –– yapmak/oynamak /a/ slang to cheat, swindle; to dupe.
||1. (a) Catalan, (a) Catalonian. 2. Catalan, Catalonian,
of the Catalans or Catalonia.
||1. Catalan, the Catalan language. 2. (speaking, writing) in
Catalan, Catalan. 3. Catalan (speech, writing); spoken in Catalan;
written in Catalan.
||slang Understand?/Get it?/Savvy?
||med. 1. cataleptic, pertaining to or inducing catalepsy. 2.
cataleptic, affected with catalepsy. 3. (a) cataleptic.
||1. catalog, catalogue. 2. colloq. instruction
||1. Catalonia. 2. Catalonian, of Catalonia.
||artillery horse. –– gibi colloq. huge (woman).
||1. Qatar. 2. Qatari, Qatar, of Qatar.
||train (of wagons or animals); caravan (of motor vehicles);
convoy (of military vehicles); railway train. –– katar in orderly
files. –– kılavuzu 1. donkey at the head of a file of camels. 2.
||,-tı path. cataract.
||/ı/ to form (animals, vehicles) into a line.
||to be drawn up in a line or file.
||1. (a) Qatari. 2. Qatari (person).
||/ı/ 1. to travel, cover, traverse (a distance); to go through,
pass through (a place). 2. obs. to cut, sever.
||1. hard, stiff, rigid. 2. tough, hard, unbending; stern;
insensitive. 3. chem., phys. solid. 4. archaic very, much. –– olmak
1. to harden, stiffen. 2. to become hard, become unyielding. –– söz
harsh word. –– yumurta hard-boiled egg. –– yürekli hardhearted,
||gizzard (of birds).
||,-t´ı see kat, -t´ı.
||1. a food (such as cheese or olives) eaten with bread. 2. prov.
yogurt. ––ı ekmeğine denk olmak (for things) to be going well for
one. –– etmek /ı, a/ to eat (a food) with (bread) so that the food
lasts as long as the bread.
||(bread) eaten with something else. –– aş prov. dish made of
boiled cracked wheat and yogurt.
||1. (bread) eaten by itself. 2. unadulterated, pure. –– hapis
mil. solitary confinement with bread and water as food.
||chem., phys. solidification.
||1. to harden; to stiffen, become rigid. 2. to become
insensitive, harden, become unyielding. 3. chem., phys. to
||/ı/ 1. to harden (something). 2. to make (someone)
||anat. connective tissue.
||1. hardness; stifness, rigidity. 2. hardness, sternness;
insensitivity. 3. chem., phys. solidity.
||1. participation. 2. agreement, agreeing.
||/a/ 1. to be added (to), be mixed (with). 2. to join (a group);
to enter into, participate in (an activity). 3. (for someone) to
||to be out of breath (from laughing or weeping). katıla katıla
ağlamak to choke with sobs. katıla katıla gülmek to split one´s
sides laughing; to choke with laughter.
||/ı/ to make (someone) laugh so hard he chokes.
||1. adding, mixing, joining. 2. turning the male animals into
the flock or herd at breeding time.
||quantity to be added or mixed in.
||1. mixture. 2. party-crasher; gate-crasher.
||1. mule; hinny. 2. stubborn, mulish. –– inadı mulishness. ––
kuyruğu gibi kalmak not to make any progress.
||1. with a crunching sound, crunchingly. 2. making a clumping
sound. –– yemek /ı/ to crunch, eat (something) crunchingly.
||,-nu 1. large blue bead (hung around the neck of an animal to
ward off the evil eye). 2. cowry, cowry shell (strung with blue
beads around the neck of an animal).
||muleteer, mule skinner.
||being a muleteer.
||,-nı broom, besom.
||biol. colony, cluster.
||/a/ to join (a group).
||/ı, a/ to add (something) to (a substance).
||lubricating grease, machine grease.
||1. definite; absolute, categorical; final, irrevocable. 2.
decisive, firm (thing). –– ferağ law absolute transfer (of
property). –– karar unappealable decision. –– olarak/bir
şekilde/surette very definitely, most certainly; very clearly,
unequivocally, in no uncertain terms. –– teklif firm offer.
||obs. (female) secretary, clerk.
||1. murderer. 2. lethal, deadly.
||,-tli murder, homicide.
||1. to become definite or final. 2. (for something) to acquire a
decisive or peremptory quality.
||(male) secretary, clerk.
||1. being a secretary or clerk. 2. secretaryship,
||1. by no means, in no way, no way, absolutely not: “Bizimle
gelir misin?” “Katiyen!” “Will you come with us?” “Absolutely not!”
2. obs. very definitely, most certainly; very clearly,
unequivocally, in no uncertain terms.
||,-ti 1. definiteness; absoluteness; finality, irrevocability.
2. decisiveness, firmness.
||1. assistance, aid, help. 2. contribution, addition. 3.
additive; alloy. ––da bulunmak /a/ to give some help (to), assist
||containing an additive; alloyed.
||pure, free from additives; unalloyed.
||1. folding. 2. prov. flat bread. –– kapı folding door. ––
makinesi print. folding machine.
||/ı/ to fold, fold up.
||/ı, a/ to get (someone) to endure (a difficult situation).
||1. to be folded. 2. /a/ to be endured.
||1. to be folded. 2. /a/ to bear, tolerate, endure.
||/ı, a/ to have (something) folded.
||to be murdered.
||/ı/ to murder.
||1. folded. 2. (building) of (a certain number of) stories,
||1. addition, adding. 2. annextion. 3. ling. adjunction. 4.
added. 5. annexed. 6. supplementary. –– bütçe supplementary budget.
–– değer vergisi value-added tax.
||/ı, a/ 1. to add, mix in. 2. to send with. 3. to annex
(something) (to). 4. to mate (a male animal) to (a female); to turn
(a male animal) into (a flock).
||layer; stratum; bed, seam.
||,-tu stratus, stratus cloud.
||to stratify, become stratified.
||1. layering, being in layers. 2. layer. 3. doubling (in
flowers). –– akıllı colloq. very sly, very cunning. –– böreği a
flaky, savory pastry. –– katmer one on top of the other; one after
||maker and/or seller of katmer böreği.
||1. to become layered. 2. to increase.
||1. in layers. 2. double (flower). –– bileşik zaman gram.
compound tense (e.g. gelecektiyse, gelirseymiş). –– iyelik gram.
doubling of the possessive suffix in a noun (e.g. birisi,
ayakkabısı). –– yalan lie based upon another lie.
||1. (a) Roman Catholic, (a) Catholic. 2. Roman Catholic,
Catholic, pertaining to Roman Catholicism.
||Roman Catholicism, Catholicism.
||tar. –– gibi tarry, tarry-looking, pitch-black. –– suyu
||,-nı 1. terebinth, Chian turpentine tree. 2. cedar of
||1. person who makes or sells tar. 2. person who spreads
||,-nı longleaf pine, long-leaved pine, Georgia pine, Brit. pitch
||,-nü pore fungus, polypore.
||/ı/ to tar, cover with tar.
||to be tarred, be covered with tar.
||tarred, tarry. –– halat tarred rope. –– kâğıt tarpaper. ––
sabun coal-tar soap. –– üstüpü oakum.
||,-nu med. creosote, wood creosote.
||,-tı print. quadrat, quad.
||a drop (of a liquid). –– katre drop by drop. ––si yok/kalmadı.
There´s not a bit left.
||,-nı astr. stratosphere.
||1. rubber; caoutchouc, natural rubber. 2. (Assam or India)
rubber plant. –– ağacı (Para) rubber tree.
||(something) that contains rubber; coated with rubber.
||tinder, punk. –– gibi tindery, punky.
||maker or seller of cheap, ready-made shoes. –– işi shoddy, poor
quality. –– malı shoddy goods.
||the cheap shoe trade.
||the commercial growing of poplars.
||,-ni a light purple fig.
||shepherd´s pipe, flageolet. –– kemiği anat. tibia. –– tüfek
||1. piper. 2. maker or seller of shepherd´s pipes.
||slang to pester someone, give someone a headache.
||1. man who is a woman´s dancing partner. 2. man acting as a
||1. naut. shifting (of a sail or boom). 2. slang substituting
(one thing for another). 3. slang landing (someone with a job). ––
etmek slang 1. /ı, a/ to land (someone) with (a job). 2. /ı, la/ to
substitute (one thing) for (another).
||(glass) jar; mason jar.
||hist. kavass, armed attendant of an ambassador or
||1. sour green tomato. 2. a large wooden bowl.
||naut. treenail, trunnel.
||1. quarrel, row; brawl, fight. 2. struggle. –– aramak to look
for trouble. –– bizim yorganın başına imiş. colloq. I was an
onlooker who ended up getting hurt. –– çıkarmak to provoke a
quarrel; to pick a fight. –– etmek /la/ to quarrel (with); to fight
(with). –– kaşağısı person who incites others to quarrel. ––ya
tutuşmak/girişmek to start quarreling (with each other).
||quarrelsome; brawling, brawlsome, brawly.
||to quarrel with each other; to fight with each other.
||1. disputed. 2. /la/ angry with, mad at (someone). 3. angry
with each other.
||1. peaceable, peace-loving. 2. without a quarrel, without
||strong; durable; sound.
||,-vli 1. utterance, words, remarks: Erdal´ın kavline göre
taşınacaklar. According to what Erdal says, they´re going to move.
2. agreement, understanding, accord. ––ince 1. according to: onun
kavlince according to him. 2. in keeping with, in line with, in
conformity with (a saying).
||to become strong.
||/ı/ to strengthen, make (something) strong.
||colloq. to make an agreement, come to an agreement.
||,-vmi ethnic group, ethnos; (a) people; tribe.
||,-vsi arc, curve.
||1. (tree) whose bark has scaled off. 2. (skin) peeling from
||1. (for bark) to scale off. 2. (for skin) to peel,
||1. (for bark) to scale off. 2. (for skin) to peel,
||to become tindery or punky.
||/ı/ to make (something) peel.
||/la/ to make an agreement with, come to an agreement with.
||,-nı a bracket fungus (found on trees).
||obs. ethnic, ethnical.
||,-tı obs. ethnography.
||tongs for lifting heavy rocks.
||prov. dry leaves or brushwood (for a fire).
||prov. visceral peritoneum.
||1. comprehension, understanding, grasp. 2. grasping, grasp,
clutch. 3. auto., mech. clutch; clutch pedal. 4. (wooden)
crosspiece, brace, strut. –– ayaklığı clutch pedal.
||/ı/ 1. to comprehend. 2. to grasp, clutch.
||1. (a) conceptualist. 2. conceptualistic.
||1. to be comprehended. 2. to be grasped, be
||1. to be comprehended. 2. to be grasped, be clutched.
||/ı, a/ 1. to get (someone) to comprehend. 2. to cause (someone)
||quick to comprehend, quick on the uptake.
||quickness of comprehension.
||slow to comprehend, slow on the uptake.
||slowness of comprehension.
||1. withered (by heat or cold). 2. undersized for his/her age,
||1. runtiness; stuntedness. 2. witheredness (owing to heat or
||1. to roast, be roasted, be parched. 2. to be withered/blasted
(by heat or cold).
||roasted. –– kahve roasted coffee.
||junction, crossroads, intersection.
||1. turban. 2. quilted cap around which a turban´s sash is
wrapped. 3. (urinary) bladder. –– sallamak /a/ to chime in
obsequiously with (someone); always to say yes to (someone), toady
||a character in the ortaoyunu.
||shelf for holding turbans.
||muskmelon; Persian melon; cantaloupe; honeydew melon; winter
||,-nı papaya tree, papaya.
||,-ni melon pink, yellowish pink.
||roasted wheat, corn, or chickpeas.
||1. roasting. 2. roasted. 3. meat braised in its own
||/ı/ 1. to roast. 2. (for wind, cold) to wither, blast; (for the
sun) to parch, scorch.
||(food) suitable for roasting.
||/ı, a/ to have (something) roasted.
||1. encounter, meeting, reunion. 2. isogamy.
||1. /a/ to be reunited (with). 2. /a/ to succeed in getting
(something long sought). 3. /a/ to reach, arrive at. 4. /a/ (for
one stream) to flow into (another); (for one road) to join
(another). 5. (for the ends of something) to meet, overlap
||/ı, a/ 1. to reunite (someone) with; to bring (someone,
something) back to. 2. to cause (someone) to succeed in getting
||impersonal passive 1. to be reunited. 2. /a/ to succeed in
obtaining (something long sought).
||astr. conjunction, conjoining (of heavenly bodies).
||,-ni astr. synodical period.
||,-yyı vomiting. –– etmek to vomit.
||1. huge rock; large rock mass. 2. rock cliff, rock precipice,
palisade. ––lara bindirmek (for a ship) to be wrecked on the rocks.
–– döküntülü kıyı rock reef. –– gibi strong, durable; stalwart,
staunch. –– mezarı rock tomb. –– resmi archeol. cave
||,-nı rural ballad, shepherd´s song.
||,-ni rock dove.
||,-ni a grouper.
||1. ski. 2. skiing. –– yapmak to ski. –– yolu ski run.
||,-nı golden eagle.
||,-ni wild thyme.
||1. rocky. 2. rocky place (on land, in water); rock cliff.
||prov. mountain torrent.
||prov. 1. goat trail, path. 2. reusing an old horseshoe. 3. the
trimming of an animal´s hooves.
||/ı/ slang to swear at, curse.
||slang passive male homosexual, queen.
||,-nu rock salt, halite.
||/ı/ to lose.
||to be/get lost; to disappear from sight.
||/ı/ 1. to enroll, register. 2. to record, enter, write down. 3.
to record (with a tape recorder). 4. to state, note. 5. to take
notice of; to keep in mind. 6. sports to chalk up, score,
||,-tı the condition of being alive. ––la/–– şartıyla as long as
one lives, for life.
||1. large flat pebble. 2. a game like hopscotch. 3. slide (for
children). 4. stoneboat, skid.
||to be slid or skidded.
||1. sliding something. 2. cin. moving the camera during a take,
dollying. –– yapmak cin. to dolly.
||/ı/ to slide, skid.
||/ı/ to have (something) skidded or slid.
||/a/ to be enrolled (in), be registered (in).
||1. omelet made with cheese or chopped meat. 2. sweet dessert
made with eggs.
||/ı/ to worry (someone), cause (someone) concern.
||to worry, get anxious.
||worried, anxious, uneasy.
||1. caique, skiff. 2. slipped to one side. 3. caique-shaped. ––
salıncak a boat-shaped swing (holding two people). –– tabak (oval)
||1. building and selling caiques. 2. renting caiques. 3.
transporting people or goods by caique.
||beech. –– kozalağı beechnut. –– yağı beechnut oil.
||,-ybı 1. loss. 2. lost person; lost thing. 3. mil. soldier
reported as missing in action. 4. lost, missing. ––lara karışmak
(for someone) to disappear, not to be seen for some
||(person) who gives preferential treatment.
||to be given preferential treatment.
||preferential treatment, favoritism, playing favorites.
||favoritism, special treatment.
||/ı/ 1. to show favoritism toward, give (someone) preferential
treatment. 2. to sponsor, protect, care for.
||/ı, a/ to cause (someone) to get preferential treatment.
||apricot. –– ağacı apricot tree.
||leather strap, belt, watchband, or razor strop. –– aşırmak
slang to pull a fast one. –– atmak slang 1. to pull a fast one. 2.
to try to get out of doing (work). 3. to ignore. ––a çekmek /ı/ 1.
slang to trick, pull a fast one on. 2. to strop (a razor). –– gibi
1. tough as leather (meat). 2. overly sun-tanned (skin). 3. wiry
(person). –– kasnağı mech. rim for a belt. –– kılavuzu mech. belt
guide. ––a vurmak /ı/ to strop (a razor).
||,-nı cusk eel.
||1. maker or seller of leather belts or straps. 2. slang
swindler, con man.
||,-ni 1. vulgar speech, coarse language. 2. thieves´ slang.
||1. having a leather strap, belt, band, or strop. 2.
||,-ydı 1. enrollment, registration. 2. entering (something) (in
a record book); noting (something) down. 3. entry (in a record
book). 4. giving importance to. 5. restriction, limitation,
restraint. 6. formerly fetter, shackle. 7. any of the four pieces
comprising a wooden frame. –– altında restricted. –– altına girmek
to become bound by restrictions. –– defteri register, record book.
––a değer noteworthy. ––tan düşmek /ı/ to delete (an entry) (in a
register). ––a geçirmek /ı/ to register, enter in a register. ––
kuyut restrictions. –– kuyut tanımamak to pay no attention to
restrictions. ––ları nakletmek /a/ to post items in (a ledger).
––ını silmek /ın/ to delete (an entry) from a record book; to
expunge (someone´s) name from a register.
||/ı/ 1. to enroll, register. 2. to enter in (a record book); to
note down. 3. to restrict, make (something) bound by
||1. enrolled, registered. 2. entered, recorded (in a record
book); noted down. 3. bound by restrictions/a
||1. unconcerned, indifferent. 2. unregistered, unrecorded. 3.
unrestricted. –– kalmak /a/ to be indifferent (to). ––
şartsız unconditionally, with no restrictions whatsoever, with no
strings attached. –– şartsız teslim unconditional surrender.
||/a/ to lean to (one side); to lean (back).
||1. landslide. 2. slipping, slip, slide. 3. cin. misframe. 4.
cin. ghost image. 5. a children´s game.
||to slide; to slip; to skid.
||1. cream. 2. clotted cream. ––ını almak /ın/ to skim (milk). ––
altı skim milk. –– bağlamak to form cream. –– gibi 1. very white
and smooth. 2. creamy and delicious. –– şekeri a fondant candy. ––
tutmak to form cream. –– yağı fresh butter.
||kaimakam, qaimaqam, official charged with governing a
||1. rank or duties of a kaimakam. 2. administrative district
within a province. 3. building housing a kaimakam´s
||maker or seller of cream.
||,-nı glossy paper, glazed paper.
||to form cream.
||creamy; made or covered with cream. –– dondurma (creamy) ice
||,-nı alabaster, gypsum.
||prov. 1. paper lira. 2. bank note, bill.
||1. fountainhead, source (of a stream or river); spring. 2.
source, origin. 3. written source (of information). 4. weld, welded
place. 5. patch, patched place (on rubber). 6. welding. 7. patching
(rubber). –– suyu spring water. –– tozu welding flux. –– yapmak /a/
1. to weld. 2. to patch (rubber).
||welder´s work; the welding business.
||/ı/ 1. to weld. 2. to patch (rubber).
||1. originating from. 2. welded. 3. patched (rubber).
||1. boiling. 2. surging up, bubbling up. 3. knitting (of broken
bones). –– ısısı boiling temperature. –– noktası boiling
||1. to boil. 2. to ferment. 3. to have a burning sensation (in
the stomach). 4. to surge up, seethe. 5. to swarm, teem. 6. (for a
broken bone) to knit. 7. to become welded. 8. (for a plan) to be
cooked up in secret. 9. to fidget. 10. slang to disappear without a
trace. 11. slang (for a lesson hour) to be wasted.
||,-ni snake plant, sansevieria.
||1. being a mother-in-law. 2. acting like a bad-tempered
mother-in-law. –– etmek /a/ colloq. to act like a bad-tempered
||,-nı clacker, rattle with a ratchet wheel.
||1. boiling (water). 2. spring; fountainhead. 3. slang hash,
||1. hot spring, thermal spring. 2. prov. spring;
||1. fused; ankylosed. 2. restless, changeable, unpredictable,
||1. fusion, joining together. 2. becoming close friends. 3.
swarming, teeming. 4. great excitement, uproar.
||1. /la/ to fuse, join (with). 2. /la/ (for a color, a flavor)
to blend (with), go well (with). 3. to become close friends. 4. to
swarm, teem. 5. chem. to combine.
||1. fusion. 2. chem. combining.
||/ı/ 1. to fuse, join together. 2. to cause (people) to become
firm friends. 3. to combine (chemicals). 4. to make (a bone)
||being a father-in-law.
||to be boiled.
||/ı/ 1. to boil. 2. to weld. 3. slang to waste (a lesson hour)
talking. 4. slang to gab about. 5. slang to nick, steal. 6. slang
to leave (a debt) unpaid.
||1. slippery, slick. 2. unreliable, slippery.
||slang 1. thief; smuggler. 2. receiver of stolen goods,
||1. slipperiness. 2. unreliability.
||grace, favor, benevolence, kindness.
||glade, forest meadow, clearing in a forest.
||to be shown favoritism, be given preferential treatment.
||(Roman) caesar; (German) kaiser.
||geol. landslide, landslip.
||(for a large rock mass) to break off and slide down a
||,-tı fragment of rock (on a mountainside).
||cotton or silk cord. –– bıyıklı (someone) who has a thin,
||1. /ı/ to reject. 2. to goldbrick, avoid doing (work).
||,kayyum 1. caretaker of a mosque. 2. law administrator,
||1. goose. 2. stupid; dumbbell. 3. slang boisterous person,
rowdy. 4. slang pimp, procurer. Agop´un ––ı gibi bakmak to gaze
stupidly. Agop´un ––ı gibi yutmak to be taken in easily, be tricked
easily. –– adımı goose step. ––ın ayağı öyle değil. colloq. It´s
not like that at all./The truth of the matter is a different thing
indeed. –– ciğeri ezmesi pâté de foie gras. –– gelen yerden tavuk
esirgenmez. proverb You don´t hesitate to cater to the small
demands of someone who can be very useful to you. –– gibi 1.
stupid. 2. stupidly. –– kafalı colloq. dumb, stupid; gullible. ––ı
koz anlamak to misunderstand completely. –– palazı gosling, young
||1. accident. 2. Islam late performance of an act of worship. ––
etmek /ı/ to perform (a prayer or fast) at a later time. ––
geçirmek to have an accident, for an accident to befall (someone).
–– geliyorum demez. proverb Accidents always happen when you´re not
expecting them. –– ile by accident. –– kurşunu stray bullet. ––
olmak for an accident to happen/occur/take place. ––ya rıza
submission to one´s fate. –– sigortası accident insurance, casualty
insurance. ––ya uğramak to have an accident, for an accident to
befall (someone). –– ve/vü kader destiny, fate, predestination. ––
yapmak (for the operator of a machine or vehicle, the rider or
driver of an animal) to have an accident (for which he is to
blame). –– yaptırmak /a/ to cause (the operator of a machine or
vehicle, the rider or driver of an animal) to have an
||1. subdivision of a province. 2. administration of justice;
adjudication. –– kuvveti judicial power.
||1. by accident. 2. by chance.
||1. (a) Kazakh, (a) Kazak. 2. Kazakh, pertaining to the Kazakh
people or their language. 3. (a) Cossack. –– çömelmesi squatting on
one leg with the other stretched out in front as in a Cossack
||1. (knitted) pullover, (pullover) sweater. 2. bright shirt
(worn by jockeys).
||1. Kazakh, Kazak, the Kazakh language. 2. (speaking, writing)
in Kazakh, Kazakh. 3. Kazakh (speech, writing); spoken in Kazakh;
written in Kazakh.
||1. Kazakhstan, Kazakstan. 2. of Kazakhstan.
||1. (place) where accidents frequently occur. 2. (something)
marked by an accident/accidents, in which an accident/accidents
occurred. 3. dangerous. 4. (someone) who has suffered an accident,
who has been in an accident.
||(a province) that has (so many) administrative districts.
||1. caldron, cauldron, large kettle. 2. boiler; furnace
(containing a boiler). –– dairesi boiler room; furnace room;
stokehold. –– kaldırmak 1. hist. (for the Janissaries) to overturn
the caldrons (as a sign of mutiny). 2. colloq. to rebel; to mutiny.
––ı kapalı kaynamak /ın/ to keep one´s affairs to oneself. ... ––
... kepçe: İstanbul kazan ben kepçe. I have searched all over
Istanbul. –– mevcudu the number of soldiers for whom meals are
prepared on a given day.
||1. maker, repairer, or seller of kettles or boilers. 2. stoker,
||1. making or selling kettles or boilers. 2. stoking.
||1. gain; earnings; profit. 2. advantage, benefit. –– vergisi
||1. profitable, lucrative. 2. with profit, having profited.
||1. unprofitable, profitless. 2. with no profit. –– eder net
||/ı, a/ to cause (someone) to earn, gain or win.
||,-ni a milk pudding slightly burnt on the bottom.
||to be earned; to be gained; to be won.
||law acquired. –– hak vested interest.
||/ı/ 1. to earn. 2. to win. 3. to get, acquire, gain. 4. to win
the approval and support of.
||1. by chance. 2. by accident.
||excavator (machine); steam shovel.
||a lively Caucasian dance, kazachok, kazatsky.
||hist. a military judge; a high official in the Ottoman
||,-nı 1. goosefoot, pigweed. 2. naut. branching lanyard,
three-ended rope. 3. light orange (color). 4. a basting
||1. someone who has been in an accident. 2. (someone) who has
been in an accident.
||,-nu a dirty yellow.
||/ı, a/ to have (something) dug.
||casein. –– tutkalı casein glue.
||,-ni a reed basket.
||1. excavating, excavation, digging; archeol. dig. 2. (act of)
engraving. –– kalemi burin, graver. –– yapmak to dig, excavate. ––
yeri excavation site.
||1. excavator (person). 2. engraver (person).
||1. stake, pale; pile. 2. slang trick, swindle. 3. slang
unreasonably expensive, outrageously high. 4. wrestling putting
one´s hand into one´s opponent´s pants. –– atmak /a/ slang to
cheat, swindle; to sell (someone) something at an outrageous price.
–– bağı clove hitch. –– çit palisade, pale (fence). –– gibi 1. like
a bump on a log. 2. as stiff as a board/poker. –– kadar (person)
who´s grown up (but still behaves childishly). –– kesilmek to
become very rigid or stiff. –– kök bot. taproot. –– marka slang
outrageously expensive. ––a oturtmak /ı/ hist. to impale
(someone). –– yemek slang to be swindled, be cheated. –– yutmuş
gibi looking as if he´d swallowed a poker.
||slang 1. (someone) who sells at outrageous prices; (someone)
who swindles. 2. (store) where the prices are outrageously high. 3.
person who sells at outrageous prices; swindler.
||1. /ı/ to enclose (land) with palings. 2. /ı/ hist. to impale
(someone). 3. /ı/ slang to swindle. 4. slang (for a taxi driver) to
kill time waiting for a fare.
||1. hist. (for someone) to be impaled. 2. slang to get
||made of stakes, pales, or piles.
||1. dug up, excavated; spaded up. 2. engraved. 3. scraped.
||1. to be excavated; to be spaded up. 2. to be engraved. 3. to
||1. scraping. 2. engraving. 3. shaving. 4. curetting,
||/ı/ 1. to scrape; to scrape (something) off. 2. to shave. 3. to
engrave, incise. 4. slang to fast-talk (someone). 5. slang to take
(someone´s) last penny, clean (someone) out.
||prov. the scrapings from the bottom of a pot.
||1. to scrape oneself. 2. to scratch oneself hard. 3. to give
oneself a very close shave. 4. to give all the money one has on
||1. scrapings. 2. scraped-out place; mark resulting from
||(something) that contains scrapings; (something) that has
scraped-out places in it.
||/ı, a/ to have (something) scraped or scraped off.
||,-nı wrestling locking one´s hands behind the neck of one´s
opponent. ––na almak /ı/ to lock one´s hands behind the neck of
||1. pick, pickax; mattock. 2. dug; trenched; excavated. 3.
engraved; incised. 4. digging, excavation. –– gibi large and
protruding (tooth). –– kürek (pickax and shovel) digging tools. ––
resim engraving (picture). –– yazı incised script.
||excavator; steam shovel.
||/ı/ to dig, excavate, or trench. kazdığı çukura kendisi düşmek
to fall into one´s own trap.
||1. cassimere, kerseymere. 2. made of kerseymere.
||,-ti colloq. huge, grotesque.
||,-tı human feces.
||(abbr. for katma değer vergisi) VAT (value-added tax).
||slang cigarette butt.
||1. shish kebab; meat broiled or roasted in small pieces; any
food roasted in small pieces. 2. roasted; broiled. –– olmak to be
roasted; to be broiled. –– şişi 1. kebab skewer. 2. slang dagger.
–– yapmak /ı/ to roast; to broil.
||maker or seller of kebap. –– kedisi gibi yutkunmak to hope for
something in vain.
||1. a felt jacket. 2. embroidered felt. 3. felt piece used as a
door or floor covering.
||1. caper, bud or berry of a caperbush. 2. caperbush,
||obs. 1. big; great. 2. old, elderly.
||1. felt; a feltlike material made from goat hair or wool. 2.
made of felt. 3. a felt mat or floor covering. –– gibi matted,
tangled (hair). ––yi/––sini sudan çıkarmak to eliminate the
difficulties and get something going properly. ––yi suya salmak
slang to forget about morality, behave indecently.
||maker of felt.
||making or selling felt.
||,keçeleşmek 1. (for hair, fibers) to become matted. 2. (for
skin) to become callused and rough. 3. to become numb.
||/ı/ 1. to make (something) into felt. 2. to cause (hair) to
||covered with felt. –– kalem felt-tipped pen.
||1. goat. 2. she-goat, nanny goat. 3. colloq. muleheaded,
pigheaded. 4. slang passive male homosexual, faggot. 5. slang
hashish. –– çobanı goatherd. –– derisi goatskin; kid leather. ––
inadı great stubbornness. ––leri kaçırmak 1. to go crazy. 2. to go
into a mad frenzy. –– kafalı colloq. muleheaded, pigheaded, very
stubborn. –– kılı goat hair. –– memesi prov. a variety of long
grape. –– yavrusu kid.
||,-nu carob (bean), St. John´s bread. –– ağacı carob tree,
locust. –– gibi (something) that requires much labor for a small
||colloq. to start acting like a mule, start acting
||colloq. mulishness, pigheadedness.
||,-nı meadow mushroom, field mushroom, agaric.
||(someone) who has a goatee, goateed.
||,-nı 1. goatee. 2. a rockrose. 3. bot. goatsbeard.
||(someone) who has a goatee, goateed.
||,-nı vee chisel.
||,-nu rough path, goat trail, track.
||grief, sorrow. –– vermek /a/ to grieve, cause (someone) great
||to be grieved.
||sorrowful, sorrowing, grieving.
||free from grief.
||cat. –– ciğere bakar gibi bakmak /a/ to gaze at covetously. ––
gibi dört ayak üstüne düşmek (always) to land on one´s feet, come
out on top. –– ile harara girmek to work with an irascible person.
–– ile köpek gibi like cat and dog. –– ne, budu ne? colloq. What
else can you expect from the likes of such a miserable creature? ––
olalı bir fare tuttu. colloq. In all this time he´s only done one
noteworthy thing. ––ye peynir/ciğer ısmarlamak to entrust something
to an untrustworthy person. –– uzanamadığı/yetişemediği ciğere
pis/murdar der/dermiş. proverb He criticizes it only because it´s
something he knows he can´t get himself.
||,-nı gum (oozing from apricot, plum, or cherry
||,-nı 1. a ray or skate. 2. rabbitfish. 3. a cat shark.
||putting dabs of glue on a surface.
||,-ni a ladyfinger-shaped cookie.
||,-nü 1. taillight, tail lamp. 2. cat´s-eye (gemstone).
||just enough food to tide one over. ––ı nefs etmek to eat just
enough to tide one over.
||,-li 1. striped mullet, gray mullet. 2. slang a barely passing
grade. 3. slang cigarette butt. –– tutmak slang to get a grade that
pulls one´s average up to passing.
||,-ti guarranteeing, bonding suretyship; going bail for. ––le
salıvermek /ı/ to release (someone) on bail.
||(written) guaranty, bond, surety bond; bail bond.
||,-ti act of atonement as laid down in Islamic law and usually
involving a payment of money. ––ini ödemek /ın/ to suffer the
consequences of (one´s actions).
||pan (of a balance).
||haircloth bag (used for grooming horses).
||1. travertine, calcsinter. 2. tartar (on teeth). 3.
incrustation left inside a cooking pot by a liquid. ––ye dönmek to
become riddled with holes.
||shroud, winding sheet. ––i yırtmak to get through the crisis of
an illness safely, pass the danger point safely.
||1. shroud maker; shroud seller. 2. grave robber.
||/ı/ to shroud (a corpse).
||shrouded, wrapped in a shroud.
||(material) suitable for a shroud.
||1. non-Muslims. 2. unbelievers, atheists.
||guarantor, surety; bondsman. –– olmak /a/ to act as guarantor
(for), stand surety (for); to go bond (for).
||suretyship, acting as guarantor.
||,-ti soothsaying, prediction. ––te bulunmak to make a
||the Milky Way.
||amber. –– balı clear yellow honey. –– sarısı amber
||maker or seller of amber objects.
||,-ki loaf cake; pound cake.
||,kekâh colloq. This is the life./Ah, this is great!
||prov., see kekeme.
||1. to stammer; to stutter. 2. to hem and haw, speak
||prov. stammer; stutter.
||(someone) who stammers or stutters.
||to develop a stammer or stutter.
||slang passive male homosexual, fag.
||seasoned with thyme.
||,-nı oil of thyme.
||astringency, having an astringent taste.
||1. somewhat astringent (in taste). 2. sour-faced,
||1. mild astringency, having a mildly astringent taste. 2. being
||somewhat astringent (in taste).
||1. bald. 2. favus, ringworm (especially on the scalp). 3. bald
spot. 4. bare, denuded (of leaves or vegetation). –– başa şimşir
tarak. colloq. In these circumstances this expensive thing is
completely out of place. ––i görünmek/açılmak for a fault in
someone to become evident. ––in ilacı olsa başına sürer./–– ilaç
bilse kendi başına sürer. proverb You shouldn´t seek help from
someone who has the same problem you do. –– kâhya person who´s good
at nothing but interfering. ––i kızmak (for a calm person) to lose
his temper. ––i körü toplamak to assemble a band of incompetents.
––den köseye yardım. colloq. It´s a case of the blind leading the
blind. –– ölür, sırma saçlı olur; kör ölür badem gözlü olur.
proverb What was ugly or worthless seems beautiful or valuable once
it has been lost.
||1. utterance, remark. 2. Islamic theology. 3. the Koran.
||1. butterfly; moth. 2. distomatosis. 3. fluke (parasite). 4.
butterfly nut, wing nut. 5. butterfly valve. 6. damper (in a flue).
7. window catch. –– cam butterfly window. –– gözlük pince-nez. ––
kravat bow tie. –– kulacı butterfly stroke. –– somun butterfly nut,
||1. unripe melon. 2. underdeveloped, poorly developed (ear of
grain, fruit). 3. hairless. 4. raft made of planks secured to
inflated skins. 5. slang stupid. 6. fool, dunderhead. ––e bağlamak
/ı/ slang to make a mess of (something that´s been going
||1. handcuffs. 2. pipe collar. –– vurmak/takmak /a/ to
||/ı/ to handcuff.
||to be handcuffed.
||colloq. 1. a bargain, a steal, a very good buy. 2. very cheap,
||1. bargain hunter. 2. (person) who´s always looking for
||1. lizard. 2. lizard skin.
||,-nı angelfish, monkfish.
||1. colloq. stupid, wooden-headed. 2. colloq. bald. 3. prov.
||1. colloq. stupidity. 2. colloq. baldness. 3. prov. beauty,
||word. –– arası print. spacing. –– hazinesi vocabulary. ––
karışıklığı paraphasia. –– kelime/–– bekelime word by word. ––si
kelimesine word for word. –– oyunu a play on words, pun. ––i
şahadet the İslamic confession of faith. ––i şahadet getirmek to
confess one´s belief in God by reciting the kelimei şahadet.
||1. derogatory head. 2. boiled sheep´s head. 3. head (of
cabbage). 4. ear or head (of grain). 5. cake or ball (of cheese).
6. formerly cone (of sugar). –– götürür gibi with unnecessary
haste. ––sini koltuğuna almak to take one´s life in one´s hands. ––
koşturmak to hurry unnecessarily. –– kulak yerinde strapping, big
and robust (man). –– peyniri a sheep´s milk cheese. –– şekeri
formerly sugar sold in cones. ––sini uçurmak /ın/ colloq. to cut
(someone´s) head off. ––yi vermek /a/ colloq. to give one´s life
||prov. /dan/ seeing that, since.
||colloq. (middle-aged or elderly man) who is dignified and
dressed to the nines.
||1. baldness. 2. ringworm, favus. 3. land devoid of
||a plucky, intelligent youth who is the hero of many Turkish
||affectionate name for a poor orphan boy.
||1. (a) Celt, (a) Kelt. 2. Celtic, Keltic.
||1. Celtic, Keltic, the Celtic language. 2. (speaking, writing)
in Celtic, Celtic, Keltic. 3. Celtic, Keltic (speech, writing);
spoken in Celtic; written in Celtic.
||1. bad, evil, malicious. 2. bad, deficient in weight
||hemming and hawing, groping for words. –– etmek to hem and haw,
grope for words.
||,-li 1. perfection. 2. maturity; ripeness. 3. the highest price
something can fetch. ––e ermek/gelmek 1. to reach perfection. 2. to
||1. (a) Kemalist, an adherent of Kemalism. 2. Kemalist, of or
relating to Kemalism.
||Kemalism (a political doctrine developed in Turkey in the
1930´s and named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk).
||1. violin. 2. archery bow. –– gibi thin and arched (eyebrows).
–– yayı violin bow.
||1. violinist. 2. violin-maker.
||1. being a violinist. 2. being a violin-maker.
||1.violin bow. 2. bow used to rotate a spindle (in a drill or
small lathe). –– çekmek wrestling to press on the breast or stomach
of the opponent with one´s locked hands.
||violinist (who plays Turkish music).
||prov. 1. rat (rodent). 2. truffle.
||kemancha, small violin played like a cello.
||1. kemancha player. 2. kemancha seller.
||1. lasso. 2. greased noose (used for hanging
||/ı/ slang to swindle.
||1. belt. 2. waist (of a garment). 3. money belt. 4. arch. arch.
5. aqueduct. 6. anat. arch. 7. Roman, somewhat aquiline (nose). ––
altı cloister, covered passage with archways on one side. ––
bağlama ceremony of fastening a silver or gold belt round the waist
of one´s new daughter-in-law. –– burun Roman nose. ––ini/––leri
sıkmak to tighten one´s belt, practice thrift.
||naut. deck beam.
||/ı/ to round the spine of (a book) (in binding).
||1. arch. arched. 2. Roman (nose). 3. belted, furnished with a
||belt having holes or pockets to hold tools, implements, or
||,-nı a long, thin eggplant.
||the evil eye.
||1. bone. 2. osseous. –– atmak /a/ 1. to throw a bone (to a
dog). 2. to throw (someone) a sop, appease (someone) (used
disparagingly). –– çıkıntısı process of a bone, projection. ––
erimesi path. osteolysis. –– gibi 1. as hard as a bone; very sound
or tough. 2. bone-dry. –– gübresi bone meal. –– iltihabı/yangısı
path. osteitis. ––ine/––lerine kadar işlemek to penetrate right to
one´s bones. ––lerini kırmak /ın/ to give (someone) a good
thrashing, beat (someone) up. –– kömürü animal charcoal, boneblack.
–– külü bone ash. –– oluşumu osteogenesis. –– pensi bone nippers.
––leri sayılmak to look like a scarecrow, be too thin. –– testeresi
bone saw. –– törpüsü surgeon´s rasp, raspatory. –– unu bone meal.
–– veremi path. tuberculosis of the bones. –– yağı bone oil,
Dippel´s oil. –– yalayıcı toady, sycophant, bootlicker.
||,-nı anat. apophysis.
||anat. bone tissue.
||1. with bones. 2. bony; big-boned.
||anat. osteoid. –– doku anat. osteoid, uncalcified bone
||1. boneless, without bones. 2. double-jointed.
||prov. tail bones, the bones of a tail.
||1. (animal) that gnaws. 2. corrosive.
||1. to be gnawed. 2. to be corroded.
||/ı/ 1. to gnaw. 2. to corrode.
||evil; ill will; malicious act.
||1. edge; brink; margin; border; hem. 2. isolated (place). 3.
isolated spot, place away from it all. –– baskısı hem (of a garment
or cloth covering). –– çekmek /a/ to hem, border, edge. ––a
çekilmek to withdraw from the struggle; to forsake the hustle and
bustle. ––ın dilberi pretty but unrefined girl. ––da kalmak to be
forgotten about. ––da köşede in forgotten nooks and crannies. ––
mahalle poor neighborhood on the outskirts of a city. –– yazısı 1.
marginal note. 2. legend (on a coin).
||fisherman who stays close to the shore.
||1. with an edge, border, or margin. 2. with a decorated
||1. edging, border. 2. balustrade, railing.
||geom. median (of a triangle).
||,-nu border, edging.
||1. self, oneself. 2. own. 3. he; she. 4. in person. ––leri 1.
themselves. 2. he; she. ––m myself. ––minki mine. ––miz ourselves.
––si 1. herself; himself. 2. he; she. ––ni ağır satmak to agree to
something only after repeated requests. –– ağzıyla tutulmak to be
proved a liar by one´s own words. ––ni alamamak /dan/ not to be
able to refrain from, be unable to stop oneself from. –– âleminde
olmak to keep to oneself; to live in a world of one´s own. ––ni
alıştırmak /a/ to make oneself get used to. ––ni ateşe atmak to
court trouble. ––ni atmak /a/ to go immediately to, rush to (a
place). ––ne bağlamak /ı/ to captivate. –– başına 1. of one´s own
accord. 2. without anyone´s help, single-handedly. ––ni beğenmek to
be conceited. ––ni beğenmiş conceited, arrogant. ––ni bırakmak to
neglect oneself, let oneself go. ––ni bilen/bilir upright and
honorable (person). ––ni bilmek 1. to be in one´s right mind. 2. to
comport oneself properly. 3. (for a person) to have grown up, have
reached maturity. ––ni bir şey sanmak to give oneself airs, think
one is something. ––ni (bir yerde) bulmak to find that one has
arrived at (a place). ––ni bulmak to develop a personality of one´s
own. –– çalıp kendi oynuyor. colloq. He makes a big fuss about
something, but when people want to help him he spurns their aid. ––
çapında according to his own standards, according to his own way of
thinking. ––ne çeki düzen vermek 1. to tidy oneself up. 2. to put
one´s life and affairs in order. –– çıkarı için for his own
benefit. ––ni dar atmak /a/ to manage to reach (a place) in the
nick of time. –– derdine düşmek to be completely taken up with
one´s own troubles. ––ni dev aynasında görmek to overrate oneself
vastly. ––ni dinlemek to be a hypochondriac. ––ni dirhem dirhem
satmak to make a great show of reluctance. –– düşen ağlamaz.
proverb If you get yourself into trouble then you´ve no right to
complain. –– eliyle himself, with his own hand. ––ne etmek to harm
oneself. ––ni fasulye gibi nimetten saymak to overrate oneself
vastly. ––nden geçme psych. trance. ––nden geçmek 1. to be
transported by joy, be ecstatic. 2. to faint. ––ne gel. colloq. 1.
Come to your senses! 2. Pull yourself together! –– gelen that comes
one´s way by chance. ––ne gelmek 1. to regain consciousness, come
to. 2. to pull oneself together, regain one´s self-control. ––
göbeğini kendi kesmek colloq. to do it all on one´s own, do it
without getting help from anybody. ––ni göstermek to prove one´s
worth. –– gözündeki merteği görmez, elin gözündeki çöpü görür.
colloq. He doesn´t see the beam in his own eye, but he sees the
mote in the eye of another person. ––ne güvenme self-confidence,
self-reliance. –– halinde 1. quiet and innoffensive, innocuous
(person). 2. simple-minded. –– haline bırakmak /ı/ to leave
(someone) to his own devices; to let (a thing) take care of itself.
–– havasına gitmek/–– havasında olmak to do what strikes one´s
fancy. ––ni hissettirmek to make one´s/its presence felt. ––ni
iyice vermek /a/ to concentrate (on). ––ni kapıp koyuvermek 1. to
cease to take an interest in oneself, let oneself go. 2. /a/ to
lose oneself in (a project). ––ni kaptırmak /a/ 1. to let oneself
get carried away (by). 2. to become wholly absorbed in. ––ni
kaybetmek 1. to lose consciousness. 2. to go into a towering rage.
–– kendine 1. on one´s own responsibility; of one´s own accord. 2.
alone, by oneself, without help. 3. to oneself. 4. theat. as an
aside. –– kendine gelin güvey olmak to count one´s chickens before
they´re hatched, build castles in Spain. –– kendini yemek to eat
one´s heart out, worry oneself to death. –– kendine yeterli
self-reliant and self-sufficient. ––ne kıymak to commit suicide. ––
kuyusunu kendi kazmak to dig one´s own grave, be the cause of one´s
own downfall. ––si muhtac-ı himmet bir dede. (Nerde kaldı geriye
himmet ede.) colloq. You can´t expect any help from him since he´s
in need of help himself. ––ni naza çekmek to make a great show of
reluctance. ––nde olmamak not to know what one´s doing, be
(temporarily) out of one´s senses. ––nden pay/paha biçmek to make
an estimate based on one´s own experience; to think about (a
problem) as if it were one´s own. –– payıma for my part, as for me.
––ne sahip olmamak to be unable to control oneself. –– söyler kendi
dinler. colloq. He mumbles incoherently to himself. ––ne ... süsü
vermek to pretend to be, act like. ––ni tartmak to weigh oneself
up, look at oneself critically. ––ni toparlamak/toplamak to put
one´s life and affairs in order again. ––ni tutmak to maintain
one´s self-control. ––ni vermek /a/ to devote oneself
wholeheartedly to. –– yağıyla kavrulmak to get by on one´s own
means, manage without any help from others. ––ne yedirememek /ı/ 1.
to be unable to stomach, be unable to let (an insult) go
unrequited. 2. to be unable to let oneself stoop to doing (a base
action). ––ni yemek to eat one´s heart out, worry oneself to death.
––ne yontmak/––nden yana yontmak /ı/ to work (something) to one´s
own advantage without considering others.
||1. of one´s own accord. 2. automatically, spontaneously. 3. by
oneself. –– türeme/üreme biol. parthenogenesis.
||1. personal, subjective. 2. in his opinion.
||1. hemp. 2. hemp plant, marijuana. 3. prov. rope, hawser. ––
bezi hemp cloth. –– lifi hemp fiber. –– tohumu hempseed. –– yağı
||being a producer/grower of hemp.
||tick; any of various blood-sucking insects resembling ticks. ––
gibi yapışmak /a/ (for an annoying person) not to give (one) a
||vulg. 1. toilet, Brit. bog. 2. filthy. 3. ugly. ––
sazlığı/süpergesi slang wispy mustache.
||(person) with small eyes, small-eyed.
||metal clamp, cramp iron. –– mili rivet (for sheet
||/ı/ 1. to clamp. 2. to clasp (hands) together firmly. 3. to
lock (one´s jaws).
||1. to be clamped in place. 2. (for one´s hands) to be firmly
clasped together. 3. (for one´s jaws) to be locked.
||1. clamped together; closely united. 2. furnished with
||hemp plant, marijuana.
||being a producer/grower of hemp.
||,-nı gum made from the juice of the cardoon (used as chewing
||,-nı see kengelsakızı.
||,-ti city. –– toplumbilimi urban sociology.
||,-li weight of one hundred kilos, quintal.
||1. urbanology. 2. city planning.
||urbanization (of an area).
||to become urbanized.
||1. (person) living in a city. 2. city-dweller.
||(for someone) to become urbanized.
||bourgeois. –– sınıfı bourgeoisie.
||1. Kenya. 2. Kenyan, of Kenya.
||1. (a) Kenyan. 2. Kenyan (person).
||,-pi 1. cap. 2. mortarboard. 3. nurse´s cap.
||1. ridiculous and contemptible. 2. disgraceful. –– etmek
/ı/ to disgrace. –– olmak to become a laughingstock.
||1. disgraceful thing; disgraceful behavior/act.
||1. ladle. 2. (fisherman´s) dip net, scoop net. 3. butterfly
net. 4. naut. buttock. kulakları –– gibi olmak /ın/ (for someone)
to be flap-eared.
||1. flap-eared. 2. ear that stands well out from the head.
||/ı/ volleyball to hit back (a low ball) with both hands.
||furnished with a ladle.
||(someone) who has a small face.
||1. bran. 2. dandruff, scurf. –– ekmeği whole-wheat bread. ––
unu whole-wheat flour.
||seller of bran.
||1. to become scurfy. 2. (for an apple) to get dry and
||1. mixed with bran; containing bran, branny. 2. scurfy, covered
with scurf. 3. dry and tasteless (apple).
||(shepherd´s) felt cloak.
||,-gi (metal) rolling shutter, roll-down shutter (used to secure
shop-fronts). ––leri indirmek colloq. to close up shop.
||1. rock on a seashore. 2. headdress for a bride; bridal veil.
3. crest (of a bird).
||,-ti 1. loathing, repugnance. 2. doing something under duress.
–– etmek/getirmek /dan/ to loathe. –– vakti colloq. time to begin
one´s evening drinking.
||,-ti 1. miracle worked by God through a person. 2. the
God-given power of working miracles. ––te bulunmak/–– göstermek to
work miracles. –– buyurdunuz./––te bulundunuz. What wonderful
things you say! ––i kendinden bilmek to take the credit for
something without acknowledging the help others gave one. –– sahibi
||1. sanctified and able to work miracles. 2. generous.
||1. ceramic. 2. a ceramic object.
||1. colloq. son of a gun, devil. 2. vulg. cuckold. 3.
||Karbala (city in Iraq containing an Islamic shrine). –– gibi
||1. time: bir kere once. 2. times: İki kere iki dört eder. Two
times two makes four.
||diminutive form of kere: bir –– just once, only just once.
||kindness, beneficence. –– buyurun. Please./I beg you.
||rocky promontory (on a coast).
||1. lumber, Brit. (dressed) timber. 2. slang crude, unrefined,
||being a lumber merchant.
||colloq. strapping (man).
||suitable for making into lumber.
||,-ti 1. cot-like wooden bedstead. 2. cin. dolly.
||1. celeriac, celery root. 2. slang dunce, blockhead.
||slang food or drink offered a guest.
||colloq. brothel, cathouse.
||1. colloq. brothel keeper. 2. vulg. son of a bitch,
||1. reluctantly, unwillingly. 2. with aversion, with
||disgusting, detestable, abominable.
||kind, generous, munificent, gracious.
||1. sewer, drain. 2. slang gambling. 3. slang easily cheated at
gambling. 4. slang noisy party, carousal.
||slang 1. musician. 2. gambler who cheats; cardsharp.
||slang to play an instrument.
||(middle-aged or elderly man) who is dignified and dressed to
||1. bazaar, Brit. fête (held to raise money). 2. festival
(annually celebrated in a small town).
||pincers; nippers; dentist´s forceps.
||1. sun-dried brick, mud brick, adobe. 2. made of sun-dried
bricks. –– gibi very hard and dry.
||maker of sun-dried bricks.
||formerly a light wool cloak.
||,-tı formerly times. –– cetveli multiplication table, times
||slang risky, dangerous (situation).
||notch, incised mark.
||1. rhumb (of a mariner´s compass). 2. degree, point, state.
––sine getirmek /ı/ to find the best time for doing. –– kerte
slowly, by degrees.
||naut. bearing. –– almak to take a bearing. –– noktası point
where a bearing is taken.
||notch, incised mark.
||1. notch, score, tally. 2. notched, tallied.
||/ı/ to notch.
||to be notched.
||1. notching, tallying. 2. a scrape; a cut place.
||/ı/ 1. to notch. 2. to scrape, rub against.
||caravan. ––a katılmak to join in with the rest.
||,-nı leader of a caravan.
||organizer or leader of a caravan.
||caravansary, caravanserai, inn with a large courtyard.
||,-nı astr. Venus.
||basketball shoe, (high-topped) sneaker.
||,-ti density, thickness.
||1. stagnant, slack (market). 2. slackness (in trade). 3.
scarcity (of a crop).
||1. slackness, stagnation (in business). 2. time of
||/ı/ 1. to acquire, take on, assume (a quality). 2. to get,
||1. bath glove made of coarse cloth (used in a Turkish bath for
rubbing the skin). 2. small cloth bag; moneybag, purse. 3. (one´s)
financial resources. 4. marsupium, pouch. 5. sac, cyst, bursa.
––nin ağzını açmak to begin to spend money freely. ––sine (hiç) bir
şey girmemek not to benefit at all. ––nin dibi görünmek to run out
of money. ––sine güvenmek to know that one can afford to buy
something. –– sürmek /a/ to rub (someone) with a kese.
||prov. short-cut. –– yol shortcut.
||1. formerly steward in a wealthy household. 2. person who acts
as a treasurer for a gang of porters.
||1. clod, lump of earth. 2. lump of dried manure used as
||,-nı paper bag.
||/ı/ to rub (someone) with a kese.
||1. to rub oneself with a kese. 2. to get rubbed with a
||/ı, a/ to have (someone) rub (one´s body) with a kese.
||1. furnished with a cloth bag or purse. 2. marsupial, having a
||1. deduction, sum of money deducted from a salary. 2. purchase
of the right to the income from something. 3. hist. tax farming.
––e almak /ı/ to purchase the right to collect the income of
||hist. tax farmer.
||colloq. firmly, absolutely, completely.
||1. cutting, incisory. 2. cutter (agent or instrument). 3.
||1. cut (through or off). 2. (gas, electricity, water) that has
been cut off. 3. geom. truncated. 4. curdled, sour. 5. skim milk
curds. 6. (newspaper, magazine) clipping. 7. (a) cut, cut place. 8.
broken off, interrupted. 9. slang bad (situation). –– kesik 1.
gaspingly; in sporadic outbursts. 2. sporadic and truncated. ––
nefes spasmodic breathing. –– sözcük short form of a word.
||1. being cut or broken. 2. fatigue, lassitude.
||1. uninterrupted, continuous. 2. continuously.
||1. being cut, cutting. 2. being stopped, stoppage;
interruption. 3. being exhausted, exhaustion. 4. souring.
||1. to be cut. 2. to be clipped; to be sheared. 3. to be
exhausted, be tired out. 4. suddenly to turn into, suddenly to
become. 5. to curdle, sour. 6. to stop, die down. 7. (for water,
gas, electricity) to be cut off, stop flowing. 8. /dan/ to lose
(appetite, strength). 9. to stop, end; to be interrupted. 10.
suddenly to start to act like. 11. /a/ slang to like, be pleased
by, be attracted to. 12. /ı/ slang to spend (money) gambling.
Kesilen baş (bir daha) yerine konmaz. proverb What´s done is
||1. cutting. 2. slaughter, slaughtering; butchering. 3. section,
sector; region. 4. med. section. 5. period (of time). 6. tailor.
||hist. tax farmer.
||/ı/ to section, segment.
||1. (animal) fit or ready for slaughter. 2. (tree, timber) fit
or ready to be cut.
||1. definite; absolute, categorical; final, irrevocable. 2.
decisive, firm (statement). –– eder/fiyat fixed price. ––
olarak/bir biçimde very definitely, most certainly; very clearly,
unequivocally, in no uncertain terms.
||1. to become definite or final. 2. (for something) to acquire a
||/ı/ to make (something) definite or final.
||1. definiteness; absoluteness; finality, irrevocability. 2.
||1. very definitely, most certainly; very clearly,
unequivocally, in no uncertain terms. 2. by no means, in no way, no
way, absolutely not.
||1. cutoff piece. 2. interruption. 3. deduction (from a
payment). ––ye almak /ı/ colloq. to make fun of (someone) behind
||1. marked by interruptions. 2. minus/less deductions. 3. net
||1. continuous, uninterrupted. 2. before deductions. 3. gross
(before deductions). –– ulusal gelir gross national product.
||,-sri 1. math. fraction. 2. med. fracture.
||math. fractional. –– sayı fractional number.
||geom. intersecting, (lines) that intersect.
||1. to intersect, cross. 2. to come to an agreement on the price
of something. 3. slang (for a man and a woman) to exchange amorous
||,-ti cross section.
||1. cutting implement. 2. hatchet. 3. cold chisel. –– kalemi
||1. sharp. 2. pungent. 3. keen, acute. 4. severe. 5. slang
sodomite, bugger, buggerer. –– akıl/zekâ keramete kıç attırır.
proverb A very clever person can almost work miracles. –– gözlü
eagle-eyed, keen of vision. –– nişancı marksman, a dead shot. ––
sirke kabına/küpüne zarar/zarardır. proverb A bad temper harms its
possessor most. –– viraj sharp or hairpin curve. –– zekâlı
incisively intelligent, very clever.
||to get sharp.
||,keskinletmek /ı/ to sharpen.
||1. sharpness, keenness. 2. pungency. 3. slang buggery.
||1. cutting. 2. tin snips. 3. sector of a circle. 4. cin.,
television cut, change of scenes. 5. cut, faceted. 6. cube-shaped.
7. fixed (price). –– almak slang to pinch someone´s cheek. ––
işareti gram. apostrophe. –– kaya mass of shaly or sandy rock. ––
makarna vermicelli. –– taş hewn stone, ashlar.
||1. (melon bought) on condition that it is cut open for
examination. 2. for a lump sum. 3. (selling each one) at the same
||1. /ı/ to cut, cut in two, cut off; to cut down (a tree). 2.
/ı/ to slice, cut up. 3. /ı/ to cut, wound by cutting. 4. /ı/ to
butcher, slaughter. 5. /ı/ to interrupt; to put an end to, stop. 6.
/ı/ to decide on, determine. 7. /ı/ to deduct. 8. /ı/ to turn off,
stop the flow of (electricity, gas, water). 9. /ı/ to coin, issue
(money). 10. /ı/ to cut (cards). 11. /ı/ to take away, get rid of
(pain, fever, thirst). 12. /ı/ to impede, hinder; to block. 13.
slang to shut up, cut the cackle. 14. /ı/ slang to cheat, swindle.
15. slang to shoot the bull, talk aimlessly. kesip atmak 1. to make
hasty decisions. 2. /ı/ to settle (something) quickly and finally.
kesip attığı tırnak olamamak /ın/ colloq. (for someone) to be
nothing compared to (someone else). kesip biçmek colloq. to
bluster, make idle threats.
||quarry (which produces ashlar).
||lump sugar, cube sugar.
||1. chaff. 2. curds.
||the vowel point in Arabic script indicating a short ı or
||1. chestnut. 2. chestnut tree. 3. chestnut-colored. –– dorusu
chestnut bay. –– kabuğundan çıkmış da kabuğunu beğenmemiş. colloq.
He is ashamed of his background. –– kebabı roast chestnuts. –– suyu
gibi very weak (coffee). –– şekeri marron glacé, candied chestnut;
marrons glacés, candied chestnuts.
||1. prostate gland. 2. chestnut (on a horse´s leg).
||1. to be cut. 2. to be estimated, be predicted.
||forecasting, forecast, prediction.
||1. estimate. 2. shortcut. 3. direct, concise. –– cevap short
and decisive answer. ––den gitmek to take a short cut. –– yol
||1. /ı/ to estimate, predict. 2. to doze off, take a cat nap. 3.
/ı/ to curdle. 4. /ı, a/ to have (something) cut. kestirip atmak 1.
to make hasty decisions. 2. /ı/ to settle (something) quickly and
||1. dry curd; skim-milk cheese, skim cheese. 2. slang stupid,
idiotic. –– etmek /ı/ slang to shame, humiliate.
||/ı/ to discover (something new); to find out (a secret).
||1. lottery drawing. 2. drawing (an order, bill of exchange). 3.
formerly sending (a telegram).
||1. fin. drawer. 2. formerly sender (of a telegram).
||,-şfi 1. discovery, exploration. 2. investigation. 3. finding
out (secret details). 4. mil. reconnoitering, reconnaissance. ––
birliği mil. reconnaissance unit. –– kolu mil. reconnaissance
patrol. –– uçağı mil. reconnaissance plane.
||turn (of duty); shift.
||alternation of duty; working in shifts.
||to work in shifts; to do a duty by turns.
||1. the southeasterly wind that blows from Keşiş Dağı (the
Bithynian Mt. Olympus) towards Istanbul. 2. any southeasterly wind.
3. the southeast (point on the compass).
||1. monasticism. 2. monastery.
||1. used to reinforce the past conditional tense: Keşke
gitseydi. If only he´d gone! 2. Ah, if only ...!
||a dish made of pounded meat and wheat.
||slang fool, simpleton, dope.
||1. a milk pudding containing coconut. 2. formerly beggar´s bowl
(often made of a coconut shell).
||a milk pudding containing coconut.
||/a/ slang to take no notice of, ignore.
||great confusion; great disorder. –– içinde in great disorder;
in great confusion.
||slang naïve but eager when it comes to chasing women.
||formerly 1. military scout. 2. discoverer.
||,-ti obstacle. –– vurmak /a/ to block; to impede,
||,-li starched and glazed cloth.
||ketchup, catchup, catsup.
||1. linen. 2. flax. –– tarağı hatchel.
||1. linen weaver. 2. seller of linen cloth.
||1. eelgrass. 2. false flax, gold-of-pleasure. 3. cameline oil,
dodder oil, German sesame oil.
||1. linen weaving. 2. the linen trade.
||maker or seller of cotton candy.
||,-nı cotton candy.
||,-nu flaxseed, linseed. –– lapası flaxseed poultice. –– yağı
||hist. chief steward, majordomo.
||(person) who won´t divulge a secret, tightlipped.
||,-ti, ketumluk keeping silent about something, reticence.
||milk vetch, tragacanth.
||1. skimmer, perforated ladle. 2. colander.
||name of a river in Paradise. –– gibi nectarous (drink).
||to have fun, enjoy oneself.
||1. arbitrary. 2. discretionary.
||,-ti 1. state of affairs, situation. 2. matter, affair. 3.
||,-yfi 1. pleasure in life, feeling of well-being; delight, joy.
2. mood, humor, state of mind. 3. pleasure, merriment, amusement.
4. high, kef, dreamy and languorous state. 5. psych. euphoria. 6.
slang hashish. ––ine bakmak to enjoy oneself, attend to one´s
pleasures. –– benim, köy Mehmet Ağanın. colloq. It´s my concern;
and I don´t want anyone interfering, no matter who he is. ––i
bilmek to do as one pleases. ––ini bilmek to know what one likes.
––ini bozmak /ın/ to spoil (some one´s) good mood, get (someone)
down. ––i bozuk/yok. He´s feeling low./He´s feeling a bit
depressed. ––i bozulmak to become depressed, get down in the dumps.
––im böyle istiyor. I just feel like doing it; that´s all. ––
çatmak to enjoy oneself, have a good time. ––ini çıkarmak /ın/ to
get all the pleasure one can out of (something), enjoy (something)
to the hilt. ––inden dört köşe olmak colloq. to be very pleased
about something. ––i düzelmek/yerine gelmek to regain one´s good
humor. ––i gelmek to get into a happy mood. ––ine gitmek 1. /kendi/
to do as one pleases. 2. /ın/ to do as (another) likes. ––ine göre
as one pleases. –– hali tipsiness. –– halinde tipsy, slightly
drunk. ––ine hizmet etmek /ın/ to pander to (someone´s) desires. ––
için for pleasure, for fun. ––in iyi mi? Are you in a good mood?
––i iyi olmak to feel well. ––ini kaçırmak/bozmak /ın/ to get
(someone) down, spoil (someone´s) good mood. ––i kaçmak to get in a
bad humor, become depressed, annoyed, or irritated. ––imin kâhyası
mısın? What´s it to you?/It´s none of your business. ––iniz nasıl?
How are you? ––i olmamak 1. not to feel well, to be indisposed. 2.
not to be in the mood, not to feel like it. ––i oluncaya kadar
until he wishes or is willing to. –– sormak to ask someone how he´s
feeling. –– sürmek to live in a pleasant, carefree way; to live the
good life. –– vermek /a/ to make (someone) tipsy. ––i yerinde 1. in
good spirits, in fine fettle. 2. in good health.
||/ı/ to get (someone) into a good mood.
||1. to become merry. 2. to get tipsy.
||1. merry, in good spirits, up. 2. tipsy.
||1. unhappy, in low spirits, down. 2. (someone) who feels
||to lose one´s feeling of happiness, cease to be in good
||1. being in low spirits, feeling down. 2. feeling unwell.
||time: bu kez this time. üç kez three times.
||,kezalik 1. ditto, the same. 2. likewise, ditto. keza ve keza
and so forth.
||nitric acid, aquafortis.
||(abbr. for kilogram) kg. (kilogram).
||(abbr. for kilohertz) kHz. (kilohertz).
||1. the direction of Mecca (to which a Muslim turns in worship),
qibla, qiblah, kibla, kiblah. 2. south. 3. south wind. ––ye dönmek
to turn toward Mecca. –– keşişleme south-southeast wind. –– lodos
south-southwest wind. –– rüzgârı/yeli south wind.
||1. Cyprus. 2. Cypriot, Cypriote, of Cyprus.
||1. (a) Cypriot, (a) Cypriote. 2. Cypriot, Cypriote
||,-çı 1. buttocks, bottom, butt, behind, rump. 2. naut. stern,
poop. 3. prov. leg; foot. 4. hind, back. ––a naut. astern, abaft,
aft. –– atmak /a/ 1. to lash out with both hind feet. 2. (for a
supposedly inferior person) to give (someone) a slap in the face.
–– attırmak /a/ slang to be better than, be superior to. ––tan
bacaklı short-legged (person). ––ına bakarak/baka baka
empty-handed, with nothing to show for one´s efforts. ––ına batmak
to leave a comfortable place, give up an easy life. –– güverte
naut. quarterdeck. ––ını kaldırmamak colloq. not to budge. ––tan
kara naut. moored by the stern. –– kasarası naut. poop deck. ––ının
kılı ağarmak vulg. to get old. ––ının kıllarıyla balık yakalamak
vulg. to be a lucky son of a gun. ––ına kına yaksın. vulg. So let
the son of a bitch gloat (over our misfortune). ––ı kırık slang
trifling, piddling, trivial. ––ına tekmeyi atmak/vurmak /ın/ vulg.
to boot (someone) out, give (someone) the boot. –– üstü oturmak
colloq. 1. to fall smack on one´s rear end. 2. to sit twiddling
one´s thumbs (having decided to give up a struggle). ––ını yırtmak
vulg. 1. to strain every muscle, work as hard as one can. 2. to
scream and shout, rant and rave.
||colloq. backwards, rearward; astern.
||1. seniority, precedence because of length of service. 2.
length of service.
||(someone) who has worked for an institution a long time, who
||(someone) who does not have seniority.
||lack of seniority.
||,kığı prov. sheep, goat, or camel turds.
||,kığılamak prov. (for a sheep, goat, or camel) to
||child´s language dirty.
||used in: –– gülmek to giggle.
||1. anat. cartilage. 2. crackling; cracklings (used in cooking).
–– poğaçası a savory pastry prepared with cracklings.
||anat. cartilaginous tissue.
||1. to giggle. 2. (for someone) to freeze, be very cold. 3.
slang to die, croak, kick the bucket.
||/ı/ to make (someone) giggle.
||1. a (human) hair (especially one not of the scalp); an animal
hair; bristle. 2. goat hair. 3. (made of) goat hair. 4. (made of)
bristle. 5. slang (someone) one cannot stand, who makes one sick.
6. slang someone one cannot stand, someone who makes one sick.
––ını bile kıpırdatmamak/oynatmamak not to turn a hair, not to bat
an eyelash, to appear completely unmoved. –– çadır haircloth tent.
–– çekmek slang to flatter, soft-soap. ––ına dokunmamak /ın/ not to
touch a hair of (someone´s) head, not to injure or offend (someone)
in any way. –– fırça 1. brush (made of bristle). 2. brush made of
one hair (used by a miniaturist). ––ına hata gelmemek not to
receive so much as a scratch, not to be injured at all. –– kadar
just the tiniest bit of, a very small amount of. –– (kadar) kalmak
/a/ to come within an inch (of): Kıl kaldı boğulacaktı. He very
nearly drowned. ––ı kıpırdamamak not to turn a hair, to appear
completely unmoved. ––ı kırk yaran overly meticulous. ––ı kırk
yarmak to split hairs. ––dan nem kapmak to take offense at the
slightest things. –– olmak /a/ slang to be unable to stomach
(someone). –– payı 1. hairbreadth, infinitesimal. 2. by the skin of
one´s teeth, narrowly. –– payı kalmak /a/ to come within an inch
of. –– şaşmadan painstakingly, without leaving an i undotted. ––
testere fretsaw, scroll saw.
||burr, rough edge (on a metal blade).
||/ı/ to burr, remove the burr from.
||(blade) from which the burr has been removed, sharp, keen.
||(blade) from which the burr has not been removed.
||gilded or silvered wire thread; silvered cotton thread.
||maker or seller of gilded or silvered thread.
||worked or trimmed with gilded or silvered thread.
||1. guide. 2. naut. pilot. 3. go-between, matchmaker. 4. tap
(for cutting internal screw threads). ––u karga olanın burnu boktan
kalkmaz/kurtulmaz/çıkmaz. proverb If you fall under the influence
of a bad person, you´ll always be getting into trouble. –– ücreti
naut. pilotage, pilotage fee.
||1. guidance, giving help; being a guide. 2. advice, guidance.
3. naut. piloting; being a pilot. –– etmek /a/ to guide.
||slang toady, sycophant.
||narrow point of land (extending into the sea).
||1. biol., phys. capillary (action). 2. very fine, very thin. ––
damar anat. (a) capillary.
||capillarity. –– olayı capillary action.
||prov. horsehair net (for catching birds).
||1. fishbone. 2. awn. 3. string (of a string bean). –– atmak /a/
slang to throw a monkey wrench into (someone´s) affairs. ––ını
çıkarmak /ın/ 1. to bone (a fish). 2. to string (beans).
||1. bony (fish). 2. awned, awny. 3. string (beans). 4. involved,
||1. boneless (fish). 2. awnless. 3. stringless (bean). –– buğday
||/ı, a/ to have (something) performed (by), have (someone)
||application, carrying out, putting into practice.
||practical, capable of being put into practice.
||to become henpecked.
||submission to one´s wife, being henpecked.
||edgewise, on edge.
||1. sword; saber. 2. swordfish. 3. colter (of a plow). ––ını
arşa asmak to deserve to be praised for a great victory. –– artığı
hist. those of the conquered whose lives were spared. –– askısı
baldric. –– çekmek to draw one´s sword. –– darbesi sword blow.
––tan geçirmek /ı/ to put (people) to the sword. ––tan geçmek to be
put to the sword. –– hakkı olarak by right of conquest. –– kabzası
sword hilt. –– kalkan oyunu a Turkish folk dance performed with a
shield and a sword. –– kını scabbard. ––ı kınına koymak to cease
fighting. –– kuşanmak to gird oneself with a sword. –– oynatmak
/da/ to rule over (a place). –– vurmak to wield a sword.
||maker or seller of swords.
||formerly smithy where swords are made.
||swordtail (an aquarium fish).
||1. edgewise, (set) on edge. 2. slung over the shoulder and
across the chest.
||(someone) who is wearing a sword.
||1. case, cover. 2. holster. 3. anat., zool. tunic. 4. biol.
||/ı/ to put (something) in a case or cover.
||furnished with a case, cover, holster, tunic, or sheath.
||1. (outward) appearance (of someone). 2. form, shape. ––
değiştirmek to alter completely one´s appearance. –– kıyafet
(outward) appearance (of someone). –– kıyafet düşkünü (someone)
whose appearance is shabby or unprepossessing. –– kıyafeti düzmek
to renew one´s wardrobe, fit oneself out with new clothes. ––
kıyafet, köpeklere ziyafet. colloq. He looks like something the cat
||(someone) who looks like ...: memur kılıklı bir herif some guy
that looks like a bureaucrat. –– kıyafetli (someone) who has a
||(someone) whose appearance is shabby or unprepossessing.
||shabby or unprepossessing appearance.
||to be done, be performed; to be made.
||1. colloq. shabby and penniless. 2. pintail.
||1. to become hairy. 2. ( for a youth´s) mustache/beard to
begin to sprout.
||hairy; bristly. –– bebek grown man who behaves childishly, big
||1. /ı/ to render, make: mümkün kılmak. 2. to perform: namaz
||stinkbug, shield bug.
||(moving) continuously, unceasingly.
||to move slightly, stir, budge.
||slight movement, stirring.
||to move slightly, stir, budge.
||/ı/ to move (something) slightly.
||1. slight movement. 2. facial gesture.
||1. sheath, scabbard. 2. bot. ocrea, stipule. ––ından çıkarmak
/ı/ to unsheathe. ––ına koymak /ı/ to sheathe.
||1. henna. 2. henna, Egyptian privet, Jamaica mignonette. ––
gibi very fine (powder). –– yakmak/koymak/sürmek/vurmak /a/ to
henna. ––lar yakmak to gloat, rejoice (over another´s
||,-ni touch-me-not, balsam.
||,-ni party for a bride-to-be during which she and the other
guests henna their fingers.
||1. cinchona. 2. cinchona, cinchona bark, Peruvian bark. ––
kabuğu cinchona, cinchona bark, Peruvian bark.
||/ı/ to henna.
||to be hennaed.
||1. hennaed. 2. henna-colored.
||rock partridge, Greek partridge.
||a reddish colored grape.
||/ı/ to condemn, censure.
||/ı/ to find fault with, criticize.
||to be condemned, be censured.
||1. groover (tool). 2. tap, threader.
||zool. elytron, wing cover, wing case.
||/ı/ to sheathe (a sword).
||string, twine, packthread.
||1. (a) Kipchak. 2. Kipchak, of or pertaining to the Kipchak
people or their language.
||1. Kipchak, the Kipchak language. 2. (speaking, writing) in
Kipchak, Kipchak. 3. Kipchak (speech, writing); spoken in Kipchak;
written in Kipchak.
||colloq. partly closed (eyes). –– gözlü (someone) whose eyes are
||1. (moving) constantly. 2. lively, active (person).
||lively, active (person).
||,kıpırdanmak to stir, move slightly.
||(for a group of people) to stir, move slightly.
||/ı/ to stir, budge.
||slight movement, stirring.
||/ı/ to blink (one´s eyes).
||,kıpkızıl very red; carmine; crimson.
||1. blink; wink. 2. instant, split second.
||/ı/ to wink (an eye); to blink (one´s eyes).
||1. (a) Copt. 2. colloq. (a) Gypsy.
||1. Coptic, of or pertaining to the Copts or their language. 2.
colloq. Gypsy, of or pertaining to the Gypsies or their
||1. Coptic, the Coptic language. 2. Coptic, in Coptic. 3.
colloq. Romany, the Romany language. 4. colloq. Romany, in
||1. countryside, the country, rural area. 2. uncultivated and
open country. –– çiçeği wild flower. –– gerillası guerrilla. ––
gezisi country outing; walk in the country. –– kahvesi
unpretentious country teahouse. –– koşusu cross-country
||gray. –– düşmek /a/ to get gray hairs in (one´s
||,-ti 1. reading. 2. reading the Koran aloud (in a prescribed
way). –– etmek /ı/ 1. to read. 2. to recite (the Koran) (in a
prescribed way). –– kitabı formerly elementary reader, primer.
||1. café (usually serving only coffee, tea, or soft drinks). 2.
formerly café having a collection of newspapers and magazines for
||1. waste, sterile, unproductive (land). 2. arid (land).
||1. being waste, sterile, or unproductive. 2. aridity, aridness
(of land). 3. wasteland; arid land.
||frost, hoarfrost. –– çalmak /ı/ for frost to damage (a plant).
–– düşmek/yağmak for it to frost.
||murrain (affecting animals); pestilence. –– girmek /a/ 1. for a
murrain or pestilence to decimate. 2. (for something formerly in
abundant supply) to become unobtainable.
||1. graying, middle-aged man. 2. graying (hair, beard).
||,-tı 1. carat. 2. quality, value, character.
||of (a specified number of) carats.
||1. waterskin. 2. any disease which swells a child´s belly. ––
olmak for the belly (of a child) to swell up.
||whip. ––ı şaklatmak to crack a whip. –– vurmak /a/ to whip,
flog. –– yemek to be whipped, be flogged.
||/ı/ to whip, flog.
||to be whipped, be flogged.
||sprinkled with gray, graying (hair, beard).
||,kırçıllaşmak to become sprinkled with gray.
||slang 1. graying man. 2. graying (man).
||slang (for a man) to gray, go gray, become gray.
||1. /ı, a/ to cause (someone) to break (something). 2. /ı/ to
have (grain) cracked. 3. /ı/ to have (printed sheets) folded. 4.
/ı/ to have (a note) discounted. 5. /ı/ to get an advance on (one´s
||/ı, a/ 1. to have (someone) break (something). 2. to get
(someone) to lower (a price).
||1. hurt, offended. 2. prov. murrain (affecting animals).
||1. offense, hurt. 2. ache; soreness; fatigue.
||1. (a) Kirghiz, (a) Kyrgyz. 2. Kirghiz, Kyrgyz, of the Kirghiz
people or their language.
||1. Kirghiz, the Kirghiz language. 2. (speaking, writing) in
Kirghiz, Kirghiz. 3. Kirghiz (speech, writing); spoken in Kirghiz;
written in Kirghiz.
||1. Kyrgyzstan, Kirghizistan. 2. of Kyrgyzstan.
||offensive, hurtful (word, action).
||1. broken, 2. hybrid; mongrel; of mixed race. 3. broken piece.
4. med. fracture, break. 5. geol. fault. 6. cracked grain. 7.
failing grade. 8. backgammon piece put out of play. 9. offended,
hurt. –– almak to get a failing grade. –– dökük 1. broken or
worn-out (furniture). 2. broken or worn-out piece of furniture. 3.
broken, disjointed, incoherent (language). –– ışın refracted ray.
–– not/numara failing grade. –– tahtası med. splint. –– vermek /a/
to give (a student) a failing grade.
||1. prov. (a woman´s) lover. 2. slang boy; young man. –– dölü
||1. brokenness. 2. ache; soreness; fatigue.
||1. breakable. 2. easily offended, touchy.
||1. fragility. 2. touchiness.
||1. breaking, break. 2. refraction. 3. hurt, offense. 4.
coquettish way of walking; coquettish gestures.
||1. to be broken. 2. /a/ to be hurt, be offended (by someone).
3. to be refracted. 4. to die, perish. kırılıp bükülmek to speak
and act in an overly refined way. kırılıp dökülmek 1. to speak and
act in an overly refined way. 2. to be falling to bits, be
completely worn out. 3. to be aching all over; to feel
||1. the Crimea. 2. Crimean, of the Crimea.
||1. slaughter, carnage, massacre. 2. death of domestic animals
because of disease or disaster. 3. fold, pleat. 4. colloq.
||(walking or moving) flirtatiously, coquettishly. –– kırıtmak to
walk or move very coquettishly.
||1. (a) Crimean. 2. Crimean (person).
||cream of tartar.
||1. fragment, piece. 2. crumb.
||1. wrinkled, wrinkly. 2. wrinkle.
||1. to get wrinkled. 2. to kill or destroy each other. 3. /ı/ to
divide (something) among/between themselves. 4. to bet with each
other. 5. colloq. to flirt with each other.
||1. /ı/ to wrinkle. 2. /la/ to flirt with.
||to behave coquettishly. kırıta kırıta flirtatiously.
||,-li slang cocaine, snow.
||,-kı 1. forty. 2. very many; far too many. –– anahtar sahibi/––
anahtarlı man of property; very rich person. –– bir buçuk
maşallah!/–– bir kere maşallah! colloq. May no harm befall
him/her/it! ––ı çıkmak /ın/ for forty days to have passed (after a
woman has given birth/after a baby has been born/after someone has
died). ––/bin dereden su getirmek to find all kinds of excuses. ––
evin kedisi person who is always in and out of other people´s
houses. –– ikindi afternoon rains (which continue about forty days
in certain regions of Anatolia). –– kapının ipini çekmek to go to
or apply to many places. ––ları karışmak to be born with-in the
same forty-day period. ––ından sonra azanı teneşir paklar./––ından
sonra azana çare bulunmaz. proverb If a middle-aged man starts
acting like a randy young buck, it won´t be long until he kicks the
bucket. ––ından sonra azmak to start behaving like a randy young
buck after one has reached middle age. ––ından sonra saz çalmak to
take up something rather late in life. ––/her tarakta bezi olmak to
have one´s finger in many pies; to be involved in many different
things. –– yılın başı/başında/–– yılda bir very seldom, once in a
blue moon. –– yıllık Kâni, olur mu Yani? proverb Can a leopard
change its spots?
||1. place or container full of miscellaneous things. 2. person
of encyclopedic knowledge. 3. seller of miscellaneous items. 4.
naut. mixed cargo. 5. slang unburnt tobacco extracted from
||forty at a time; forty each.
||1. centipede. 2. millipede. 3. crab louse.
||omasum, manyplies, psalterium.
||stream one continually has to cross because of its
||sheep or goat shearer.
||to be sheared, be shorn.
||1. shearing. 2. shearing season.
||clipping, clippings (of hair or cloth); shorn fleece.
||,-nı barn swallow.
||1. (for a newborn child, its mother, or someone in mourning) to
reach the end of a forty-day period. 2. /ı/ to do (something) forty
times. 3. /ı/ to rinse (something) many times.
||the Forty (hidden) Saints (of Islamic mysticism). ––a karışmak
||1. person who was born within forty days of another. 2.
(something) that is made up of forty parts or sections. 3. (woman)
who is still within the forty-day period that follows the delivery
of her baby. 4. (baby) not yet forty-days old.
||1. (something) of forty units. 2. forty-year-old,
quadragenarian. 3. clothes for a newborn child, layette.
||1. shearing, clipping. 2. bangs (of hair).
||/ı/ 1. to trim. 2. to clip, shear (an animal).
||very inquisitive, overly curious.
||1. very steep slope. 2. sword with regular notches in its
||1. pestilence, plague, epidemic of a fatal disease. 2. bubonic
||1. swallow. 2. martin, house martin. 3. prov. quack eye doctor.
4. hist. a light galley.
||,-nı red gurnard.
||,-nü early October (when the swallows fly south).
||,-nı storm occurring around the beginning of April (when the
||,-nu dovetail, mortise or tenon the shape of which somewhat
resembles a dove´s tail. –– geçme dovetail joint.
||to turn gray, go gray, gray.
||1. breaking, break. 2. pleat. 3. groats. 4. folding,
collapsible. 5. folding (of printed sheets). 6. (animal) of mixed
breed. 7. breech-loading. –– makinesi 1. rock crusher, jaw-breaker.
2. folder, folding machine. –– tabanca/tüfek breechloader. ––
yaka ruff (collar).
||1. bookbinding folder (person). 2. prov. miller of groats;
seller of groats.
||/ı/ 1. to break. 2. to chop or split (wood). 3. to crush; to
grind coarsely. 4. to fold (printed sheets). 5. to break, destroy
(one´s resistance, strength, pride, or desire). 6. (for war,
disease) to kill, cut down. 7. to reduce (a price). 8. to offend,
hurt. 9. backgammon to win (an opponent´s piece). 10. to turn (a
rudder, steering wheel) sharply to one side. 11. to mitigate,
abate, break (the severity of a cold spell, the unpleasant effects
of something). 12. slang to run away, clear out, make tracks. Kır
boynunu! colloq. Scram!/Beat it! kırıp dökmek /ı/ to destroy,
break. kırıp geçirmek /ı/ 1. to wipe out, destroy utterly. 2. to
offend (someone) greatly. 3. to make (people) split their sides
laughing. kıran kırana (fighting) savagely, with no holds barred;
with might and main. kırdığı koz kırkı/bini aşmak to make one gaffe
||/ı/ to pleat.
||gravel, ballast (used in making roadbeds).
||kermes, cochineal (red dye). –– madeni kermes mineral,
||,-ni a scale insect.
||red; carmine; crimson. –– algler red algae. –– balık goldfish.
–– dipli mumla davet etmedim ya! colloq. I didn´t beg him to come!
–– dut red mulberry. –– fener slang brothel, whorehouse, cathouse.
–– gömlek something that can´t be kept secret. –– oy negative vote.
–– patlıcan prov. tomato.
||cayenne pepper, red pepper.
||,kırmızılaşmak to redden, turn red.
||(something) red in places.
||redness, ruddiness; flush.
||reddish, somewhat red.
||,-ni kermes oak.
||slang 1. bumpkin, lout. 2. loutish.
||to be clipped, be sheared.
||1. clipped off bit, clipping. 2. (leftover) bit, scrap.
||/ı/ to blink (one´s eyes).
||/ı/ 1. to clip, shear; to trim. 2. to wink (an eye).
||/ı, a/ to have (someone) clip (something).
||slang, see kıro.
||country, rural, rustic; pastoral.
||,-nı European vole, field mouse, meadow mouse.
||stationery, writing materials.
||1. stationer, seller of writing materials. 2. petty-minded
bureaucrat, pettifogger (who insists on unnecessary
||1. being a stationer; the stationery business. 2. red tape,
||slang 1. unkempt and shabby. 2. shoddy. 3. worthless, no-count
||used in: –– gülmek to laugh silently; to laugh up one´s
||short. –– dalga radio shortwave. –– devre short circuit. ––
geçmek /ı/ to explain (something) without going into detail. ––
görüşlü narrow-minded. –– günün kârı. colloq. At least it´s better
than nothing. –– günün kârı/kazancı az olur. proverb If you only
spend a little time working on something, you can´t expect to
benefit very much from it. –– hece short syllable. –– kesmek /ı/ to
cut short (one´s talk). –– ömürlü short-lived, ephemeral. –– sürmek
to take a short time, not to last long. –– tutmak /ı/ not to make
(something) long/wide enough. –– ünlü phonetics short vowel. ––
vadede in the short run. –– vadeli short-term. –– yoldan briefly
and to the point, without beating about the bush.
||1. rather short. 2. in short, briefly. ––sı in a word, the long
and short of it is that ...; in brief.
||1. shortness. 2. brevity, short span of time.
||1. to become shorter. 2. to shrink.
||fine arts foreshortening.
||1. (act of) shortening. 2. abridging, abridgment. 3.
||/ı/ 1. to shorten. 2. to abridge, condense.
||shortened, abbreviated. –– sözcük acronym.
||retaliation, reprisal. ––a kısas an eye for an eye.
||volume control (on an amplifier).
||1. hoarse (voice). 2. (radio, lamp, etc.) that has been turned
down. 3. narrowed, slitted (eyes). 4. geog. mountain pass, gap,
||1. becoming hoarse. 2. reduction, lessening. 3.
||1. to be reduced, be lessened. 2. to get hoarse. 3. (for a
radio, lamp, etc.) to be turned down. 4. to be caught (in a trap).
5. (for a muscle) to contract. 6. (for eyes) to narrow.
||,-smı 1. part, portion, section, division. 2. kind: kadın kısmı
womankind. –– kısım in parts, in sections.
||/a/ to refrain, abstain (from).
||1. barren, sterile (person, animal). 2. unproductive.
||a cold dish made with cracked wheat, salad vegetables, and
||to become barren or unproductive, become sterile.
||med. sterilization, sterilizing.
||/ı/ med. to sterilize.
||1. barrenness, sterility. 2. unproductiveness.
||,-tı law putting (an incompetent person) under the care of a
guardian; appointing a caretaker for the goods of (an incompetent
or imprisoned person).
||1. putting (an incompetent person) under the care of a
guardian. 2. restriction.
||/ı/ 1. to put (an incompetent person) under the care of a
guardian. 2. to restrict.
||1. tongs; forceps; pincers; pliers. 2. clamp. 3. zool. claw,
pincer, chela. 4. stepladder. –– gözlük pince-nez. (bir) –– içinde
olmak to be in a very difficult situation. ––ında olmak /ın/ to be
under the yoke of.
||/ı/ to arouse (someone´s) jealousy.
||to be envied.
||1. /ı/ to be jealous of (someone); to be jealous of, envy
(something possessed by someone). 2. /ı, dan/ to resent (someone´s)
showing affection to or interest in (someone else): Çocuk babasını
kardeşinden kıskanıyor. The boy is resentful of his father´s
showing affection for his brother. 3. /ı/ to love (someone)
jealously; to be jealously protective of.
||very tightly, very securely. –– bağlamak /ı/ to bind tightly.
–– yakalamak /ı/ to collar or catch (someone, something) so that
escape is impossible.
||/ı/ to reduce, lessen; to shorten. 2. to cut (expenses). 3. to
lower (one´s voice, the volume of sound); to turn down (a lamp, a
light). 4. (for a dog) to tuck (its tail) (between its legs). 5.
(for an animal) to lower (its ears). 6. to narrow (the eyes).
||,-ti 1. destiny, fortune, kismet. 2. chance of marriage (for a
woman). K––. Perhaps./If fortune wills it. ––i açık 1. favored by
fortune, lucky. 2. (girl) who has many suitors. ––i açılmak 1. to
have a lucky break and begin to make money. 2. (for a girl) to
receive a marriage proposal. ––i ayağına (kadar) gelmek for fortune
to come knocking at one´s door; to have an unexpected stroke of
luck. ––ini ayağıyla tepmek to ignore a chance that comes one´s
way. ––ini bağlamak /ın/ to use sorcery to prevent (a girl´s)
marrying. ––i bağlanmak (for a girl) not to receive proposals of
marriage. ––i çıkmak (for a girl) to receive a marriage proposal.
–– kapısı the source of one´s livelihood. ––i kıt short on luck or
success. ––ine mâni olmak /ın/ to prevent (someone) from marrying
or making money. ––inde ne varsa kaşığında o çıkar. proverb No
matter how hard a person tries he will get only what he is destined
to have. –– olmak 1. to be possible, be in the cards. 2. /a/ to be
allotted (someone) by fate.
||1. unfortunate, unlucky. 2. (girl) who´s received no proposal
of marriage, who has no suitors.
||prov. stingy, close-fisted, tight.
||partial. –– körlük partial blindness. –– seçim
||story, tale; anecdote. ––dan hisse 1. the moral of a story. 2.
the lesson learned from an experience. ––dan hisse almak 1. to draw
a moral from a story. 2. to learn a lesson from an experience.
||money deducted from wages because of absence from work.
||/a or da/ to be trapped, be cornered (somewhere).
||/ı, a/ 1. to have (someone) turn down or diminish the flow or
volume of (something). 2. to get (a part of one´s body) caught or
entangled in (a place): Elini makineye kıstırdı. He got his hand
caught in the machine.
||1. winter. 2. winter weather. –– bahçesi greenhouse,
conservatory. –– basmak for winter to set in. ––ı çıkarmak 1. /da/
to spend the winter in (a place). 2. to last until the end of the
winter. –– ekimi winter sowing. ––ı etmek 1. /da/ to stay
(somewhere) until winter begins. 2. to last until the beginning of
winter. ––ı geçirmek to spend the winter, winter. –– gün durumu
astr. winter solstice. –– kıyamet severe winter weather. –– uykusu
hibernation (of animals). –– uykusuna yatmak (for an animal) to
||Shoo!/Scat! (said to barnyard fowl). –– kış etmek /ı/ to shoo
away (barnyard fowl).
||slang person who deliberately gets himself imprisoned so that
he will have shelter through the winter.
||in the winter, during the winter.
||incitement, instigation, provocation.
||1. provocative. 2. fomenter, instigator; agent
||provocation, instigation, fomentation.
||to be instigated, be fomented.
||1. /ı, a/ to incite (someone) to (do something bad). 2. /ı/ to
shoo away (barnyard fowl).
||sheltered place (where nomads and their flocks go to
||1. for winter to set in. 2. /da/ to winter
||1. /ı, da/ to settle (a group of nomads) in (a sheltered place)
for the winter. 2. /ı, da/ to put (a flock) in (a sheltered place)
for the winter. 3. /ı, a/ slang to set (one person) on
||1. suitable for use in the winter. 2. winter residence, winter
||,-tı 1. insufficient, inadequate; scant. 2. in short supply,
scarce. –– kanaat geçinmek just barely to make ends meet, be very
poor. ––ı kıtına idare etmek to get by on a shoestring, scrape by.
––ı kıtına hesaplamak /ı/ to plan (something) down to the very last
detail. ––ı kıtına idare etmek to get by on a shoestring, scrape
by. ––ı kıtına yetişmek to be just barely enough to go around.
||1. continent. 2. mil. detachment. 3. quatrain. 4. formerly a
portion (of a city bus´s route). 5. formerly piece, item. 6. size
(relative largeness). –– kıta in sections; in separate pieces. ––
sahanlığı continental shelf.
||1. stuffing (made of flax or hemp fibers). 2. flax or hemp
fibers (added to plaster as a binder).
||slang good-for-nothing, no-count.
||1. slang lie. 2. crackling, crackly sound. 3. popcorn. –– atmak
slang to tell lies.
||1. with a crackling sound. 2. crisp, crackly.
||to crackle, produce a crackly sound.
||/ı/ to crackle, make (something) crackle.
||crackle, crackling sound.
||(drinking tea) with a lump of sugar in one´s mouth.
||to become scarce, become hard to find.
||1. famine, general scarcity of food. 2. scarcity, shortage.
––tan çıkmış gibi yemek to devour one´s food ravenously, eat as if
it were one´s last meal. ––ına kıran girmek /ın/ to become as
scarce as hen´s teeth.
||1. consistency, thickness, degree of density. 2. the right
moment or stage (in development). 3. the peak of development.
––ında 1. of the proper consistency. 2. at the most suitable time.
3. (person) in top shape, at one´s fittest (physically and
mentally); in one´s prime. 4. at its best, at its peak. ––ını
bulmak/––a gelmek 1. to reach the right consistency. 2. to reach
the right moment or stage; to be at its peak.
||1. to reach the right consistency. 2. to reach the right moment
or stage; to be at its peak.
||1. of the right consistency. 2. (someone, something) who/which
has reached his/her/its prime.
||1. not yet of the right consistency. 2. (someone, something)
who/which has not yet reached his/her/its prime.
||1. gladness, pleasure. 2. pride (that is merited). –– duymak 1.
to be pleased, be glad. 2. /dan/ to take pride in. –– vermek /a/ to
||1. glad, pleased. 2. justly proud.
||/ı/ 1. to gladden. 2. to make (someone) feel justly proud.
||1. /a/ to be glad about, be pleased about. 2. /la/ to take
pride in, be justly proud of.
||1. really, vigorously (swarming, burning). 2. constantly
||1. spark. 2. solar flare. –– tutucu spark arrester.
||to start to give off sparks.
||in curls. –– oynamak to bump and grind (while dancing). ––
yapmak /ı/ to curl, frizz. –– yürümek to wriggle one´s hips as one
||colloq. 1. trifling, piddling. 2. oddly assorted, picked up at
random. 3. odds and ends.
||1. curly; frizzy; kinky. 2. a sheep having very curly hair. ––
salata a lettuce with crinkly leaves.
||1. curling; twisting. 2. crimping. 3. folding. –– makinesi
||/ı/ 1. to curl; to twist. 2. to crimp. 3. to turn up (cuffs).
4. to fold back. 5. colloq. to pull off, manage to do, manage. 6.
colloq. to make up (lies). 7. colloq. to undulate or wriggle
sensuously (a part of the body).
||/ı, a/ to have (someone) curl or twist (something).
||colloq. tidy and easily looked-after (place).
||1. energetic and on the ball. 2. clear and fluent (speech or
writing). 3. neat, spruce (clothing, appearance).
||1. energy and alertness. 2. clearness and fluency (of speech or
writing). 3. neatness, spruceness (in clothing or appearance).
||to get kinked and tangled, kink and tangle.
||1. to writhe (in pain); to move about agitatedly. 2. to suffer
greatly. 3. /diye/ to crave, feel a burning desire for.
||/ı/ to curl or twist tightly.
||1. curling; curled. 2. (hair) that has been given a permanent
wave. 3. (trouser leg) that has a cuff, cuffed. –– bağırsak anat.
ileum. –– paçalı pantolon trousers with cuffs.
||(cuffs) that have been turned back.
||1. being curled or twisted. 2. geol. folding.
||1. to curl; to twist. 2. to be turned back, be folded back. 3.
(for an animal or person) to curl up.
||1. curl; twist; (a) convolution; (an) undulation; fold. 2. bend
(of a road). 3. geol. fold. 4. anat. plica, fold. 5. ringlet (of
hair). –– bağırsak anat. ileum. –– kıvrım 1. winding, full of
twists and turns (road). 2. very curly, full of ringlets (hair). 3.
very convoluted. 4. very undulating. –– kıvrım kıvranmak to writhe
violently (in agony).
||to become curled, convoluted, or folded.
||curled; twisted; folded. –– dağlar folded mountains, fold
||1. (a) fold. 2. turn, twist (of a road).
||,-ti outfit, clothes, dress, attire, costume. –– balosu costume
ball, fancy dress ball. ––ini değiştirmek to change one´s clothes.
–– düşkünü 1. (someone) dressed in shabby or unprepossessing
clothes. 2. person dressed in shabby or unprepossessing
||dressed like, dressed up as: şeytan kıyafetli bir adam a man
got up as the devil.
||1. (someone) dressed in shabby or unprepossessing clothes. 2.
person dressed in shabby or unprepossessing clothes.
||shabbiness of dress, shabby appearance; unprepossessing
||colloq. nice, great, swell, super; sharp-looking. –– kaçmak
slang (for something) to be super, be great, be just the
||slang 1. reckless gambler, one who stakes all his winnings on
one throw. 2. smoker of marijuana or hashish; pot-smoker.
||colloq. 1. to begin to look good/great/sharp. 2. to turn into a
||colloq. 1. being swell or super. 2. very pleasing action, nice
||1. standing up. 2. attempt, endeavor. 3. revolt, rebellion. 4.
the part of the namaz performed while standing up.
||/a/ 1. to be unable to spare, part with, or abandon. 2. to be
unable to kill. 3. to be unable to act heartlessly towards; not to
have the heart to harm (someone).
||,-ti 1. doomsday, the end of the world (when the dead will be
resurrected). 2. tumult, uproar, disturbance. –– alameti sign
portending the approach of doomsday. –– gibi/kadar lots of,
umpteen, ... galore. –– günü doomsday. ––e kadar till hell freezes
over. ––i/––leri koparmak to raise hell about it, make a hell of a
fuss, blow one´s stack. –– kopmak 1. for all hell to break loose.
2. for the end of the world to come.
||1. comparison, comparing. 2. analogy. 3. syllogism; deductive
reasoning. ––la /a/ 1. in comparison to/with. 2. by analogy with.
–– etmek /ı/ to compare. –– kabul etmez incomparable, not
||/a/ by comparison to.
||1. mercilessly, cruelly. 2. savage, murderous
||1. gram. regular. 2. analogical. 3. syllogistical.
||1. comparison, comparing. 2. analogy, making an analogy.
||/ı/ to compare.
||/ı, a/ 1. to have (someone) cut up (something). 2. to have
(someone) kill or harm (someone). 3. to have (someone) perform (a
||1. injustice. 2. oppression, tyranny.
||1. wronged, unjustly treated. 2. law the injured
||being wronged, being unjustly treated.
||1. shore; coast; bank. 2. edge, side. 3. outskirts. ––
balıkçılığı inshore fishing. ––da bucakta/köşede in out-of-the-way
places; in forgotten nooks and crannies. ––ya çıkmak to land, go
ashore. –– çukuru roadside ditch. –– düzlüğü coastal plain. ––
gemiciliği intracoastal navigation. ––dan gitmek 1. to go via the
shore. 2. (for a boat) to travel inshore, hug the shore. –– gölü
lagoon. ––ya inmek to land, go ashore. ––yı izlemek 1. to go via
the coast. 2. (for a boat) to travel inshore, hug the shore. ––
kumulu coastal sand dune. –– oku spit (of land). –– sıra hugging
the shore, following the coastline, inshore. –– suları coastal
||1. inshore fisherman. 2. hist. man charged with collecting
wreckage washed ashore.
||1. cutter, person who cuts something up in fine bits. 2.
pitiless, cruel, merciless.
||cruelty. –– etmek /a/ to treat (someone) cruelly.
||chopped up, minced.
||to coast, sail along the coast.
||1. to be cut up finely, be minced. 2. /a/ impersonal passive to
part with, spare; to abandon, give up. 3. /a/ impersonal passive to
murder. 4. /a/ impersonal passive to wrong, harm. 5. to ache, feel
||1. cutting up finely, chopping up, mincing. 2. wronging,
mistreatment. 3. cut, way of cutting. 4. massacre.
||cut or chopped up (in a particular way).
||1. oppression, tyranny. 2. law sentence, punishment.
||1. to feel very hungry: Midem kıyınıyor. I feel very hungry. 2.
(for one´s body) to ache or feel sore all over.
||1. hunger pang. 2. soreness all over one´s body. 3. scrap, tiny
||1. to come to an agreement. 2. /la/ to compete
||1. ground meat, Brit. mince; ground beef, hamburger. 2. cutting
up finely. –– makinesi meat grinder, meat chopper.
||1. /ı/ to cut up finely, mince. 2. /a/ to part with, let go of,
spare; to abandon, give up. 3. /a/ to kill, murder. 4. /a/ to
act pitilessly towards; to bring oneself to harm (someone). 5. /ı/
to perform (a marriage).
||prepared or filled with ground meat.
||(meat) suitable for grinding.
||,-ti value, worth. –– artışı increase in value, appreciation.
–– biçmek /a/ to value (something) at (a certain amount of money).
––ini bilmek /in/ to value, appreciate, realize the worth of. ––ten
düşmek to depreciate, fall in value. –– koymak/takdir etmek /a/ to
value, appraise, or assess (something) at (a certain amount of
money). –– üzerinden ad valorem, according to value. –– vermek /a/
to value, attach importance to.
||increasing the value of.
||/ı/ to increase the worth of, up the value of.
||to increase in value, become more valuable.
||valuable, precious. –– evrak legal instrument, legal document;
negotiable securities. –– kâğıt form issued by the state for use as
a legal instrument.
||1. girl. 2. daughter. 3. virgin, maiden. 4. playing cards
queen. ––lar ağası chief black eunuch (in the sultan´s harem). ––
alıp vermek (for two families) to intermarry. –– almak /dan/ to
acquire a daughter-in-law (from) (a certain family). –– çıkmak to
turn out to be a virgin. ––ını/evladını dövmeyen dizini döver.
proverb Spare the rod and spoil the child. –– evlat daughter. ––
gibi colloq. 1. girlish. 2. brand-new (thing). 3. shy (man). ––ı
gönlüne bırakırsan ya davulcuya varır/kaçar, ya zurnacıya. proverb
If you let a young girl decide for herself whom she´ll marry,
she´ll pick someone unsuitable. –– istemek to ask a family to give
(someone) their daughter as a bride. –– kaçırmak 1. to kidnap a
girl. 2. to elope with a girl. –– kardeş sister. ––ı kısrağı /ın/
(someone´s) wife, daughter, and all his female relations. –– kilimi
kilim woven by a nomad girl for her dowry. –– kurusu vulg. old
maid, spinster. –– lisesi girls´ high school. –– oğlan/–– oğlan kız
virgin, maiden. ––ım sana söylüyorum, gelinim sen anla/dinle/işit.
colloq. Since he couldn´t say this directly to her, he said it to
someone else in the hope that she would listen in and get the
message. –– tarafı the bride´s family. –– vermek /a/ to give a girl
in marriage (to).
||1. sled; sledge; sleigh; toboggan; bobsled. 2. runner (of a
sled, sleigh, or sledge). 3. skid. 4. naut. stocks, ways; ground
ways; sliding ways. 5. mech. way. ––a çekmek /ı/ 1. to put (a ship)
on the stocks. 2. colloq. to put (someone) into a position with
less authority, put (someone) on the shelf; to kick (someone)
upstairs. 3. to mothball, shelve, put (something) in cold storage.
––tan indirmek /ı/ to launch (a ship). –– yapmak (for a vehicle) to
||(for a vehicle) to skid.
||joisting, floor framing.
||path. measles, rubeola. –– çıkarmak to develop measles. ––
olmak to have measles.
||path. German measles, rubella.
||suffering from measles, measly.
||1. boy; lad, young man. 2. swashbuckling village youth,
||prov. heat; rut. ––a gelmek/–– olmak to be in heat; to be in
||1. to turn red, redden. 2. to blush; to flush, become flushed.
3. to fry, be fried. 4. to toast, be toasted. 5. to roast, be
roasted. 6. (for coals) to glow. kızarıp bozarmak (for someone´s
face) to go all shades of red (from anger or embarrassment).
kızarmış ekmek toast.
||1. red place, red spot (on the skin). 2. erythema.
||1.frying. 2. toasting. 3. roasting. 4. (a) fried food. 5.
||/ı/ 1. to fry. 2. to toast. 3. to roast.
||1. to be angered. 2. to be made red-hot.
||1. angering, making (someone) angry. 2. making (something)
red-hot. 3. prov. fever.
||/ı/ 1. to anger. 2. to make red-hot.
||1. red-hot, red or glowing with heat. 2. angry. 3. estral, in
heat; in rut. –– bulut cloud of volcanic smoke and ashes. –– dam
prov. Turkish bath. –– kızgın angrily.
||1. to get angry. 2. to become red hot.
||1. anger. 2. rut; heat. 3. being red hot. –– devresi period of
heat or rut, estrus.
||1. red. 2. path. scarlet fever, scarlatina. 3. colloq. (a)
communist, (a) red. 4. colloq. completely, utterly, as ... as they
come. 5. prov. golden, gold. –– cahil as ignorant as they come. ––a
çalmak to verge on red. –– deli raving lunatic. –– doru sorrel, bay
(horse). –– iblis veritable fiend, hellhound. –– karaman a
fat-tailed sheep. –– kıyameti koparmak to raise a hell of a row. ––
||the Red Crescent.
||Kizilbash, member of an Alevi sect.
||colloq. person of loose morals.
||reddish. –– kıyamet frightful row. –– kıyameti koparmak to
raise a hell of a row.
||1. cornelian cherry. 2. red dogwood. –– sopası 1. stick made of
cornelian cherry. 2. colloq. hiding, caning, birching. –– sopası
yemek colloq. to get a caning/a birching.
||the Red Sea.
||(an) (American) Indian, Brit. (a) Red Indian.
||European robin, robin redbreast.
||the Red Cross.
||the hottest days of the year (which come in early August).
||1. to turn red. 2. to turn into a communist; to go
||1. redness. 2. redness (in the sky before the sun rises or
after it sets); alpenglow.
||/a/ impersonal passive to get angry (at).
||the Red Army.
||reddish gleam or glow.
||fierce, vehement, heated.
||1. (for talk, a fight) to become fierce or heated. 2. to begin
to fight or struggle fiercely. 3. (for an activity) to become
lively or violent. 4. (for the sun) to become fiercely hot; to beat
down fiercely. 5. (for rotting vegetation) to begin to give off
heat. 6. to go into rut.
||/ı/ 1. to increase the fury or violence of; to liven up,
enliven. 2. to get (people) worked up, incite, egg on. 3. to make
||,-ni bot. bleeding heart.
||,-nu lapwing, pewit.
||girlhood, maidenhood, virginity. –– adı maiden name. –– zarı
||1. to get angry. 2. (for something being heated) to get hot. 3.
to go into heat or rut. 4. (for a hen) to get broody.
||,-ni colloq. 1. grapefruit. 2. a kind of peach.
||1. who; which; that: bir çocuk ki çok yaramaz a child who´s
very naughty. Anlaşıldı ki bu işi o yapmış. It´s become clear that
he´s the one who did this. Sanmam ki gelsin. I don´t think he´ll
come. Bir şey yapmadım ki pişmanlık duyayım. I haven´t done
anything that I should feel sorry about. 2. so ... that; such ...
that: Öyle ucuz ki herkes alabilir. It´s so cheap that everyone can
afford it. 3. ––what do you know!––, ––would you believe it?––;
––son of a gun!––: Eve geldim ki kapı duvar. I came home,
but––would you believe it?––nobody answered the door. Elimi cebime
attım ki mangiz nanay. I felt in my pocket for it, but ––son of a
gun!––the dough wasn´t there. 4. seeing that, considering that:
Adam üşümüş ki paltosunu giymiş. The man must have been cold,
seeing that he put on his coat. 5. as, though: Cevap vermeseydi
bile ––ki verdi–– iş olacağına varırdı. Even if he hadn´t made a
reply––though he did––the thing wouldn´t have turned out any
differently. 6. when: Henüz uykuya dalmıştım ki, bir patlama oldu.
I´d just dropped off to sleep when something exploded. 7. ..., I
wonder?: Bilmem ki ne yapsam? What should I do, I wonder? 8.
indicates frustration, disapproval, doubt, or anxiety: O bana
inanmaz ki! She will not believe me, so why should I talk with her?
Ama bana verirler mi ki? But will they actually give it to me, I
wonder? 9. used for emphasis: Öyle güzel ki! It´s more beautiful
than I can say! Öyle bir para döktü ki! He spent money like it was
going out of style! Araba ki ne araba! It´s a car and a half!/It´s
||1. well-bred, refined. 2. tasteful, correct (thing).
||in a refined manner, politely.
||to become refined (in one´s manners).
||1. breeding, refinement. 2. polite word or action. (üstünden,
paçalarından) –– akmak to be overly refined, be pretentiously
polite. –– budalası overly/pretentiously polite person; unrefined
person who tries to act refined. –– düşkünü overly polite, stuffily
polite. –– etmek to do a polite thing, behave politely. –– taslamak
to pretend to be refined.
||,-bri 1. haughtiness, arrogance. 2. pride. ––ine dokunmak /ın/
to wound (someone´s) pride. ––ine yedirememek /ı/ for one´s pride
not to let one (do something).
||to become haughty or arrogant.
||1. haughty, arrogant. 2. proud.
||1. haughtiness, arrogance. 2. pride.
||,-ti 1. (friction or safety) match. 2. formerly sulfur. ––
çakmak to strike a match. –– çöpü matchstick. –– kutusu
||1. match seller. 2. colloq. stingy, miserly.
||just enough food or money to keep body and soul together. ––
etmek /la/ to manage to survive (on), scrape by (on).
||/la/ to manage to survive (on), scrape by (on).
||,-ti sufficiency. –– etmek 1. to be enough, suffice. 2. /la/
colloq. to be satisfied (with), be contented (with).
||enough, sufficient, adequate.
||insufficiency, inadequacy, inadequateness.
||,-ki 1. naut. gig. 2. slang (person´s) nose, schnozzle,
||colloq. 1. tall and skinny. 2. bean pole, tall and lanky
||clay, argillaceous earth.
||kileh (a dry measure roughly equaling a bushel).
||Armenian bole (earth).
||kilim (a pileless carpet). ––i kebeyi sermek /a/ colloq. to
settle down (in a place).
||seller or maker of kilims. –– ile kör hacı colloq. anybody at
all, any old so-and-so.
||making or selling kilims.
||church (building or body of believers). –– direği gibi jocular
||1. lock; padlock. 2. clevis, shackle. 3. linchpin. –– altında
under lock and key. –– altına almak /ı/ to lock up, put under lock
and key. –– dili bolt of a lock. (ağzı) –– gibi (someone) who won´t
tell a secret, tight-lipped. –– gibi olmak to be hand in glove, be
hand and glove, be thick as thieves. –– köprüsü strike plate. ––
kürek olmak /a/ to guard, look after (a place). ––i küreği olmamak
(for things, a place) to be left unguarded, not to be left locked
up. –– noktası 1. key person. 2. key position, key point. –– taşı
arch. keystone. –– vurmak /a/ 1. to lock (a door). 2. to attach a
lock (to). 3. to close down (a business). –– yeri key position, key
||locking. –– aygıtı locking device. –– somunu locknut.
||1. /ı/ to lock. 2. /ı, a/ to lock up (something, someone) in (a
place). 3. /ı/ to dovetail; to interlock (the two pieces of a
||1. to be locked. 2. to be locked up. 3. to be dovetailed; to be
||/ı, a/ to have (someone) lock (something); to have (someone)
lock (someone) up.
||1. locked. 2. provided with a lock. 3. dovetailed;
||1. lacking a lock, without a lock. 2. unlocked. –– küreksiz
||,kilizmen reedbed, reedy area.
||kilo, kilogram. –– almak 1. to put on weight. 2. slang to
laugh. –– vermek to lose weight.
||(someone, something) that weighs (so many) kilos.
||kilometer.–– açmak slang (for a taxi driver) to keep all of his
earnings for himself (instead of giving them to his boss). ––
doldurmak slang to kill time. –– kare square kilometer. ––
saati/sayacı 1. speedometer, odometer. 2. taximeter. –– taşı stone
showing the kilometers to a given point.
||,-tı kilowatt. –– saati kilowatt-hour.
||physiol. chyle. –– damarları anat. chyliferous vessels.
||archaic form of ki.
||1. who. 2. whoever. ––in arabasına binerse onun türküsünü
çağırır. colloq. He´s a self-seeking sycophant. ... kim, ... kim.
shows a woeful lack of something: O kim, dürüstlük kim. He doesn´t
have an honest bone in his body. O kim, öğretmenlik kim. He doesn´t
know the first thing about teaching. –– kime, dum duma. colloq.
It´s so chaotic that nobody notices/cares what anybody else is
doing. ––i kimsesi /ın/ relatives. ––e ne? What does it matter to
anyone? ––e niyet, kime kısmet. colloq. The person for whom
something is intended may not always be the person who gets it in
the end. –– o? Who´s there?/Who is it? –– olursa olsun. It doesn´t
matter who he is!/There´ll be no exceptions! –– oluyor! Just who
does he think he is? –– vurduya gitmek to be killed or wounded (in
a brawl, riot, shoot-out) by an unknown hand.
||archaic form of kimse.
||,-ni 1. some; some people; some things. 2. some, a number of.
––miz some of us. ––si some of it; some of them; some people. ––nin
parası, kiminin duası. proverb People pay you for your services in
various ways: the wealthy give you their money, and the poor give
you their prayers of thanksgiving. ––ne hay hay, kimine vay vay.
proverb 1. What gladdens some will sadden others. 2. Fate deals
kindly with some and harshly with others. –– kez sometimes. ––
||1. identity. 2. identity card. ––i açığa
çıkmak/anlaşılmak/belli olmak to show one´s true colors, show what
one is really like. –– belgesi/cüzdanı/kartı identity card.
||someone, somebody. 2. anyone, anybody. 3. (with a negative
verb) nobody, no one. ––nin ahı kimsede kalmaz. proverb The laments
of the oppressed will call down judgment upon their oppressors. ––
ayranım/yoğurdum ekşi demez. proverb A person always praises what
he himself has made/done. ––den kimseye hayır yok/gelmez. proverb
You should rely on yourself, for others may let you down. ––si yok.
He has no friend or relative he can turn to.
||nobody at all, not a soul: Kimsecikler yok. There´s not a soul
||1. (someone) who has no one, who has no living relatives or
friends. 2. empty, forlorn. –– çocuklar homeless children, children
living on the streets.
||having no living relatives or friends.
||1. (the science of) chemistry. 2. colloq. rare and precious
thing. –– fakültesi department of chemistry (in a university). ––
harbi chemical warfare. –– mühendisi chemical engineer. ––
mühendisliği chemical engineering. –– sanayii chemical industry. ––
||1. chemist. 2. colloq. teacher of chemistry.
||1. being a chemist. 2. the work of a chemist.
||,-nu bot. chemotropism.
||1. being a chemist. 2. the work of a chemist.
||,-nü biol. chemotaxis.
||chemical. –– bileşim chemical compound. –– eşdeğer chemical
equivalent. –– madde (a) chemical. –– öğe chemical element. ––
||1. sage green (color). 2. colloq. uncordial, lacking in warmth
||containing cumin, flavored with cumin.
||ill will; resentment; rancor. –– bağlamak /a/ to develop a
grudge (against). –– beslemek/gütmek/tutmak /a/ to nurse a grudge
(against), harbor ill will (towards). –– tutmaz (someone) who
doesn´t nurture grudges, unvindictive.
||1. allusion, indirect remark; innuendo, insinuation. 2. using
an expression in both a literal and a figurative sense. 3. word or
expression used in both a literal and a figurative sense.
||1. allusive; insinuating. 2. (word or expression) used in both
a literal and a figurative sense.
||(someone) who nurtures grudges, vindictive; resentful.
||nursing of grudges, vindictiveness; resentfulness.
||1. kinematics. 2. kinematic, kinematical.
||1. kinetics. 2. kinetic. –– enerji kinetic energy.
||phil. 1. Cynic, of the Cynics. 2. (a) Cynic.
||quinine. –– sülfatı sulfate of quinine.
||full of ill will, resentment, or rancor.
||,-pi 1. type. 2. log., phil. mode. 3. gram. mood.
||log., phil. modality.
||dirt, filth. –– fitili roll of dirt or dead skin (rubbed from
the body). –– götürmek/kaldırmak not to show dirt. –– götürmek /ı/
to be filthy, be covered with dirt. ––i kabarmak for the dirt in
(one´s) skin to come to the surface (when the skin is rubbed or
scratched). –– tutmak to show dirt easily, get dirty quickly.
||1. renting, Brit. letting (a house, apartment, office, etc.);
renting, Brit. hiring (a car, boat, horse, machine, etc.); leasing;
chartering (a boat, bus, plane, etc.). 2. rent (money). –– bedeli
rent (money). –– evinde/–– ile oturmak to live in a rented
flat/house. –– ile tutmak /ı/ to rent. ––
kontratı/mukavelesi/sözleşmesi lease, rental contract. ––da olmak
1. (for a house, apartment, office, etc.) to be rented, Brit. be
let; (for a car, boat, horse, machine, etc.) to be rented, Brit. be
hired; to be leased. 2. colloq. to be in/live in a rented place, be
in/occupy rented quarters. ––da oturmak to live in a rented
flat/house. ––ya vermek /ı, a/ to rent, Brit. let (a house,
apartment, office, etc.) (to); to rent, Brit. hire (a car, boat,
horse, machine, etc.) (out) (to); to lease (something) (to).
||1. renter; lessee; tenant. 2. person who hires out horses or
donkeys. ––nın kiracısı subtenant, undertenant.
||being a renter, lessee, or tenant.
||1. /ı, a/ to rent, Brit. let (a house, apartment, office, etc.)
(to); to rent, Brit. hire (a car, boat, horse, machine, etc.) (out)
(to); to lease (something) (to). 2. /ı, dan/ to rent (a house,
apartment, office, etc.) (from); to rent, Brit. hire (a car, boat,
horse, machine, etc.) (from); to lease (something) (from); to
charter (a boat, bus, plane, etc.) (from).
||1. /ı, a/ (for a house, apartment, office, etc.) to be rented,
Brit. be let (to); (for a car, boat, horse, machine, etc.) to be
rented (out) (to), Brit. be hired (out) (to); (for something)
to be leased (to). 2. /ı, dan/ (for a house, apartment, office,
etc.) to be rented (from); (for a car, boat, horse, machine, etc.)
to be rented, Brit. be hired (from); (for something) to be leased
(from); (for a boat, bus, plane, etc.) to be chartered
||1. (house, apartment, office, etc.) for rent, Brit. to let. 2.
(car, boat, horse, machine, etc.) for rent, Brit. for hire. 3.
rented (house, apartment, office, etc.); rented, Brit. hired (car,
boat, horse, machine, etc.); leased; chartered (boat, bus, plane,
etc.). –– kasa safe-deposit box (rented from a bank). –– katil
hired assassin, hired gun. –– kız/kadın prostitute.
||cherry. –– ağacı cherry tree. –– ayı May. –– dudaklı with full,
||,-nı cherry apple, Siberian crab apple.
||,-ni cherry plum, myrobalan.
||1. cherry orchard. 2. place abounding in cherry trees.
||a thin bread made of cornmeal.
||(slaked or unslaked) lime. –– gibi deathly pale; very white. ––
gibi olmak to turn pale. –– harcı mortar made of slaked lime and
sand. –– kuyusu lime pit. –– ocağı limekiln. –– söndürmek to slake
lime. –– suyu limewater.
||1. lime burner. 2. lime seller.
||,-nı bleaching powder, chloride of lime.
||/ı/ 1. to lime; to add lime (to). 2. to whitewash.
||1. calcification. 2. calcinosis.
||1. to be limed; to get caked with lime. 2. to calcify. 3. to be
||1. calcification. 2. calcinosis.
||to calcify, become calcified.
||limy, calcareous; mixed with lime. –– su 1. limewater. 2. hard
||1. lime pit. 2. (region) abounding in limestone.
||1. (something) that has no lime or calcium in it. 2. soft
||decalcification, becoming decalcified.
||to be decalcified.
||/ı/ to decalcify.
||,-nü whitewash, mixture of lime and water.
||clay roofing tile. –– ağızlığı arch. antefix. –– fabrikası
roofing-tile factory. –– harmanı tile works, tilery. –– kaplamak
/a/ to tile, cover with roof tiles. –– ocağı tile kin. –– rengi
tile red, brick red. –– tozu mortar made of brick dust and
||1. tile maker. 2. tile seller. 3. tile layer, tiler.
||1. tile making. 2. tile selling. 3. tile laying,
||roofed with tiles, tiled.
||1. joist; beam; rafter; girder. 2. (catgut) string (of a
musical instrument). 3. bowstring (of a shooting bow). 4. anat.
tendon. 5. geom. chord. ––i kırmak slang to take to one´s heels,
||maker or seller of catgut.
||1. stringing (a bow). 2. drawing (a bowstring). 3. joisting,
floor framing. 4. set on edge, edgewise.
||/ı/ 1. to draw (a bowstring). 2. to string (a bow). 3. to
joist, furnish with joists.
||1. joisted. 2. anat. tendinous. –– köprü girder bridge. ––
tavan trabeated ceiling.
||suitable for use as a joist.
||trenching (the soil); trench-plowing, subsoiling. –– etmek /ı/
to trench; to trench-plow, subsoil.
||/ı/ to trench; to trench-plow, subsoil.
||,-ti prov. loom reed, comb.
||1. to get dirty, be soiled; to become polluted. 2. (for one´s
honor) to be defiled, be sullied. 3. to menstruate, have a period.
4. to be raped, be violated. 5. to have an involuntary emission of
semen; to have a nocturnal emission.
||/ı/ 1. to dirty, soil; to pollute. 2. to sully, stain, blot,
besmirch (someone´s honor). 3. to rape, violate.
||1. dirty, soiled, filthy; polluted. 2. blemished, sullied
(honor). 3. (woman) who is having a period, menstruating. 4. dull,
indistinct, gray (light). 5. dirty laundry. ––ye atmak /ı/ to put
(dirty clothes) in the laundry bag or basket. –– çamaşır 1. dirty
clothes, dirty laundry. 2. dirty linen, misdeeds. –– çamaşırlarını
ortaya dökmek/çıkarmak /ın/ to reveal (someone´s) misdeeds, wash
(someone´s) dirty linen in public. –– çıkı/çıkın wealthy miser. ––
hanım peyniri a soft white cheese. –– kokoş colloq. filthy, smelly
child. –– sepeti dirty-clothes basket/hamper, dirty-laundry
||dirtiness, filthiness; pollution.
||colloq. untidy and dirty, scruffy (person).
||1. eyelash. 2. biol. cilium.
||biol. ciliate, ciliated.
||lobster pot, lobster trap.
||man who acts as a sort of godfather to a boy at his
||,-ti leather pants worn by a greased wrestler. –– çıkarılması
the pulling off or tearing of these pants (regarded as the most
degrading of defeats).
||,-ti path. cyst. –– ameliyatı cystectomy.
||1. apparel, attire; garb, dress. 2. the garment worn by a
pilgrim in Mecca. 3. kiswa, kiswah, the black cloth covering the
Kaaba. 4. guise, semblance, assumed appearance. ––si altında under
the guise of, in the guise of.
||1. person, human being. 2. dramatis persona. 3. gram. person.
–– adılı gram. personal pronoun. –– arkadaşından bellidir. proverb
A person is known by the company he keeps. –– dokunulmazlığı
personal inviolability, immunity from arrest or prosecution. –– eki
gram. personal ending.
||/ı/ to personify.
||1. personality. 2. individuality. 3. (sufficient) for (so many)
persons. 4. prov. one´s best clothes, one´s best, one´s
Sunday-go-to-meeting clothes. –– özelliği personality trait.
||,-nı phil. impersonal.
||(someone) who has a distinctive personality; (someone,
something) possessing style.
||(someone) who lacks a distinctive personality; styleless.
||,-nu 1. a man, a human being. 2. highborn or well-bred
||1.highborn, of noble birth. 2. well-bred, refined.
||1. being highborn, nobility. 2. refinement.
||a tiny, seedless, black, raisin grape.
||to neigh, whinny.
||coriander. –– şekeri coriander candy.
||(abbr. for Kamu İktisadi Teşekkülü) state-owned economic
||inscription, legend (on a building or monument); epitaph. ––
levhası 1. stone panel ready for inscription. 2. inscribed stone
||,-ti 1. the art of writing well, rhetoric. 2.
||,-ni bookstore, bookshop.
||1. based on reading only, bookish, book-learned. 2. stilted,
bookish (rhetorical style). –– konuşmak to talk bookishly; (for
one´s talk) to reek of book learning.
||slang taking a gander at, having a look at. –– etmek /a/ to
take a gander at, have a look at, get a load of.
||book. –– deliliği bibliomania. –– delisi bibliomaniac. –– ehli
People of the Book (often used by Muslims when speaking of Jews and
Christians). ––a el basmak to swear (on the Koran). –– gibi (karı)
slang one hell of a good-looking (woman). ––ı kapamak colloq. to
drop out of school. K––ı Mukaddes the Bible. –– kurdu bookworm
(insect or person). ––a/––ına uydurmak /ı/ to find a way to make
(something illegal) look legal.
||1. bookseller. 2. colloq. bookstore.
||1. bookcase, book shelves; bookstand, bookrack. 2. library. 3.
(material) fit to be used in the printing or binding of a
||,-nı public library.
||1. bookless, lacking books. 2. (a people) who do not accept the
Koran, the Bible, or the Torah as their sacred book. 3. colloq.
||1. mass, large block or chunk. 2. phys. mass. 3. crowd of
people. ––ler the masses. –– hareketi mass action (of people). ––
iletişimi mass media.
||/ı/ colloq., see kilitlemek.
||colloq., see kilitli.
||1. kiwifruit, kiwi. 2. zool. kiwi.
||village headman´s assistant.
||1. (abbr. for Kara Kuvvetleri Komutanı) Commander of the Ground
Forces. 2. (abbr. for Kara Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı) Commandership of
the Ground Forces.
||slang to reject, turn down.
||colloq. first-rate, ace.
||1. (a) classic. 2. classic, classical.
||to become a classic.
||sports rating, classifying (of teams).
||1. loose-leaf binder. 2. accordion file or folder.
||keyboard (of a musical instrument, typewriter, computer, etc.).
––si kuvvetli good, skilled (typist, compositor, etc.).
||(musical instrument) played using a keyboard: klavyeli çalgılar
||1. (a) kleptomaniac, (a) cleptomaniac. 2. kleptomaniac,
||air conditioner. –– cihazı see klima.
||1. clinic. 2. clinical.
||1. clip, spring clip. 2. tie clip.
||furnished with a spring clip, clip-on. –– küpe clip-on
||com. clearing. –– anlaşması clearing agreement (between two
||1. print. cliché, plate. 2. cliché, phrase. 3. trite,
||print. plater; electrotyper; stereotyper.
||to become a cliché, become hackneyed.
||/ı/ to chlorinate.
||to be chlorinated.
||bot. chlorophyll, chlorophyl.
||geol. mountain pass, gap, col.
||(abbr. for kilometre) km, km. (kilometer).
||coalition. –– hükümeti coalition government.
||,-tı chem. cobalt. –– bombası cobalt bomb.
||guinea pig, cavy.
||husband. –– bulmak to find a husband. ––ya kaçmak (for a woman)
to marry. ––ya varmak (for a woman) to marry. ––ya vermek /ı/ to
marry off (a woman).
||1. very big, very large. 2. great, grand, illustrious. 3. fully
grown, adult; old, aged. –– bebek colloq. big baby (said of a
spoiled child). –– herif olmak colloq. (for a boy) to be fully
grown. –– oğlan colloq. bear.
||1. hawfinch. 2. beet.
||1. vulg. old woman, hag. 2. slang old lady, mother. –– ilacı
folk remedy. –– masalı old wives´ tale, nonsense. –– soğuğu a cold
spell in mid-March.
||(woman) who has a husband, married.
||1. old age. 2. being a husband.
||to age, grow old.
||/ı/ to age, put years on (someone).
||to age, grow old.
||being husbandless; widowhood.
||/ı/ to age, put years on (someone).
||1. strawberry tree. 2. fruit of the strawberry tree.
||,-çu astrology Aries, the Ram.
||,-çu 1. ram. 2. colloq. strapping young man. –– burunlu
Roman-nosed. –– katımı 1. mating of sheep. 2. mating season. ––
yiğit strapping young man.
||,-çu sports trainer.
||1. strong and brave (man). 2. generous.
||1. epical folk poem. 2. praise.
||1. (corn) cob. 2. stem or heart (of a leafy vegetable). 3. book
of stubs or counterfoils.
||,-nu naut. cleat.
||large ram bred for fighting.
||to develop into a strapping youth.
||/ı/ 1. to hug, embrace. 2. to cover, mate with.
||1. hist. an enclosed, horse-drawn carriage for women. 2. raised
crib, granary built up on poles.
||,-nı ram´s testicles, mountain oyster.
||colloq. 1. big cheese, big shot, bigwig. 2. influential,
powerful. ––lar the big shots, the bigwigs.
||colloq. being a big shot.
||slang jailhouse, the clink, the jug, the hoosegow; the pen. ––e
tıkmak /ı/ slang to throw (someone) in the clink.
||slang pimp; fancy man.
||1. hollow, empty inside. 2. ignorant; ineffectual; worthless.
3. weak (though appearing strong). –– çıkmak to show oneself to be
ignorant, ineffectual, or worthless.
||1. to become hollow. 2. to become ineffectual or worthless. 3.
to get weak; to lose one´s zest and energy.
||1. hollowness. 2. hollow, hollow place. 3. ignorance;
||any large room sleeping many people; dormitory; (hospital)
||,-ku coke (fuel). –– kömürü coke.
||1.colloq. overdressed and excessively made-up woman. 2. colloq.
woman who´s very particular about her appearance or fastidious in
her dress. 3. formerly (non-Muslim) woman.
||1. polecat. 2. skunk.
||,-tı 1. mil. a brass emblem worn on a hat. 2. badge,
||,-ti very concerned about her appearance;
||smelling, sniffing. –– duyusu the sense of smell.
||/ı/ to smell, sniff. Koklayanın burnu düşer. colloq. It stinks
something awful./It smells to high heaven.
||1. to sniff each other. 2. to kiss and fondle each other, neck,
||/ı, a/ 1. to have (someone) sniff (something). 2. slang to give
(someone) a bit of.
||/ı, a/ slang not to give (someone) even a very tiny bit of
||1. to smell, have a smell. 2. to stink, have a bad smell. 3. to
show signs of, reek of, be redolent with.
||smelly, stinking, putrid-smelling.
||1.colloq. overdressed and excessively made-up woman. 2. colloq.
woman who´s very particular about her appearance or fastidious in
her dress. 3. formerly (non-Muslim) woman.
||1. slang young girl. 2. (non-Muslim) woman.
||grilled sheep´s intestines.
||1. (Indian) corn (seed). 2. ear of (Indian) corn. 3. any long,
pointed thing. 4. slang ugly (person).
||slang to become defiant or threatening.
||slang (woman) dressed fit to kill.
||,-tu fast or loose woman.
||slang very hard up, broke, penniless.
||slang to become penniless, get very hard up.
||slang pennilessness, being broke.
||1. cocktail. 2. cocktail party.
||1. smell, scent, odor. 2. perfume. 3. slang cocaine, coke.
––sunu almak /ın/ 1. to smell, detect (a scent, an odor). 2. to
smell, detect the existence of: Paranın kokusunu aldım. I smell
money. –– almazlık anosmia. ––su çıkmak for the reason behind
(something) to become apparent. –– giderici deodorant.
||peddler of perfumes.
||1. (something) that has a smell. 2. sweet -smelling,
sweet-scented, fragrant; perfumed. 3. smelly, stinking,
||mahaleb, St. Lucie cherry.
||to smell rotten or putrid.
||1. rotten-smelling, foul-smelling, smelly. 2. colloq. very
||1. /ı/ to make (someone, something) smell. 2. /ı/ to let
(something) spoil. 3. /ı/ to make (someone, something) stink. 4. to
break wind. 5. /ı/ colloq. to cause (a job) to lose its appeal,
make (a job) drudgery.
||1. arm. 2. sleeve. 3. limb, large branch (of a tree). 4. crank.
5. handle; lever. 6. phys. arm. 7. neck (of a musical instrument).
8. strand (of a rope). 9. division, branch. 10. patrol. 11. club
(in a school). 12. gang; troupe. 13. mil. column. 14. formerly wing
(of an army). 15. side (direction). 16. butchery shank. 17. arm (of
a chair). 18. brachial. ––larını açmak /a/ to receive (someone)
with open arms. ––unda altın bileziği olmak to possess a profitable
skill. –– askısı med. sling. –– atardamarı anat. brachial artery.
–– atmak 1. (for a tree) to put forth branches. 2. to spread,
extend. –– bağı mil. brassard. –– dayanağı armrest. –– demiri iron
bar (used to bar a door). –– düğmesi cuff link. –– emeği manual
labor. –– evi tailor. armhole, place where the sleeve joins the
yoke. –– gezmek 1. (for a security force) to patrol an area. 2.
(for a criminal) to prowl around or lurk in an area. ––una girmek
/ın/ to take (someone´s) arm. ––u kanadı kırılmak to be left
sitting high and dry (after losing one´s source or sources of
support), have the rug pulled out from under one. –– kanat
olmak/germek /a/ to take (someone) under (one´s) wing. –– kapağı
(shirt) cuff. –– kemiği anat. humerus. –– kola arm in arm. –– kola
girmek to link arms. ––una kuvvet. colloq. Keep it up!/Keep up the
good work! –– saati wrist watch. ––larını sallaya sallaya gelmek to
come without bothering to bring anything (as a gift).
––ları/––larını sıvamak to get ready to do something, roll up one´s
sleeves. –– tahtası sleeveboard. –– uzatmak to spread, expand,
branch out. ––u uzun powerful and influential. –– vurmak to patrol;
to wander around. –– yormak to work hard.
||(abbr. for Kolektif Şirket) unlimited company; general
||1. starch, laundry starch. 2. starch paste. 3. starching (of
clothes). –– yapmak to starch clothes.
||1. cola (any carbonated soft drink made with an extract derived
from the kola nut). 2. kola tree. –– cevizi kola nut.
||1. person who starches and irons clothes. 2. shop where
starching and ironing is done.
||colloq. look-over, quick inspection, survey (done covertly or
unobtrusively). –– etmek /ı/ to have a quick look-see around (a
place) (by walking); unobtrusively to survey (a place) (with one´s
||,-nı Ottoman hist. an army officer who ranked above a captain
and below a major.
||/ı/ to starch.
||to be starched.
||/ı, a/ to have (someone) starch (something).
||made with cola extract. –– içecek cola (any soft drink made
with cola extract).
||1. stout band or binding. 2. (saddle) girth, cinch, bellyband,
surcingle. 3. binding (used to support the springs of an
upholstered chair or couch). 4. rope (of a swing). –– salıncağı a
rope swing. –– vurmak 1. /a/ to girth (a horse). 2. to pump a swing
while standing up.
||1. easy, simple. 2. easily. 3. easy way (to do something). ––da
handy; within easy reach. ––ına bakmak /ın/ to choose or look for
the easiest way (of doing something). ––ını bulmak /ın/ to find an
easy way to do (something). ––ına gelmek /ın/ to be easy or
convenient (for). –– gelsin/gele! I hope it´s going smoothly./I
hope it will go smoothly (said to someone who is either doing or
planning to do a job). ––ına kaçmak /ın/ to take the easy way out
(of a difficulty). –– kolay (with negative verbs only) easily.
||1. fairly easy. 2. easily.
||/ı/ to finish most of (a job); to finish the hardest part of (a
job), break the back of (a job).
||(for most of a job) to be finished; (for the hardest part of a
job) to be over, (for a job) to become smooth sailing.
||to get easy.
||/ı/ to facilitate, ease, make simpler.
||1. easiness. 2. convenience, laborsaving device. 3. means or
wherewithal to do something. ––la easily. –– göstermek /a/ 1. to
make things easier for. 2. to give (someone) the chance or the
means to accomplish something.
||,-nı 1. mil. head of a column, head. 2. formerly head (of a
troupe of performers). 3. foreman (of a group of construction
||,-ni a pastry made of thin dough twisted into long rolls and
filled with cheese or ground meat.
||being a watchman or guard.
||1. mitten. 2. sleevelet. 3. armband, armlet. 4. chair
||work associate, colleague.
||1. choledoch, choledochal. 2. choledoch duct, choledochus, the
common bile duct.
||formerly a high school giving special attention to the teaching
of a foreign language, college-preparatory school, preparatory
school, prep school.
||formerly student at a kolej, preppie.
||(a) collection (of objects).
||collector, one who is building up a collection.
||collecting, being a collector.
||collective, joint. –– ortaklık/şirket unlimited company;
||,-ti 1. (a) collectivist. 2. collectivist, collectivistic.
||infected with cholera.
||parcel/package (that is mailed or shipped).
||coli bacillus, colon bacillus.
||,-ti path. colitis.
||/ı/ 1. to watch for, look out for, be on the alert for. 2. to
protect, look after. 3. to scan, observe carefully.
||1. to be watched for. 2. to be protected. 3. to be
||1. sleeved: kısa kollu short-sleeved. 2. (something) that has
(so many) arms or branches; armed; branched. 3. mil. of (so many)
columns, -columned. 4. handled; (something) that has (a specified)
type of handle/crank: pirinç kollu kapılar doors with brass
||1. (attached or detachable) cuff. 2. armband, armlet. 3.
||formerly police. –– kuvveti formerly police force, police
||,-li colloid, colloidal.
||conference, meeting; colloquium.
||1.Colombia. 2. Colombian, of Colombia.
||1.(a) Colombian. 2. Colombian (person).
||1. print. column. 2. anat. colon. 3. riser, conduit (for
electricity, water, or gas). 4. speaker cabinet.
||cologne, eau de Cologne.
||1. slang the right moment; chance, opportunity. 2. shot (in
billiards). 3. slang trick, ruse, something funny. ––ya
düşmek/gelmek to be taken in, be hoodwinked. ––ya getirmek /ı/ to
wait for/find the right time to do (something).
||astr. Cassiopeia; Cassiopeia´s Chair.
||1. armpit. 2. armchair. 3. flattery. 4. out-of-the-way spot. 5.
small, out-of-the-way shop. 6. buttress. 7. patronage, backing,
pull. 8. slang brothel, whorehouse. 9. high position, important
job. –– altı 1. armpit. 2. patronage, backing, pull. –– değneği
crutch. –– değneğiyle with difficulty and with the help of others.
––a girmek (for the groom) to take the bride´s arm during the
koltuk töreni. ––una girmek /ın/ to put oneself under (someone´s)
protection. –– halatı mooring line. ––ları kabarmak to swell with
pride. –– kapısı servant´s entrance. –– meyhanesi cheap, standup
bar. ––ta olmak colloq. to be entertained at someone else´s
expense. ––una sığınmak /ın/ to put oneself under (someone´s)
protection. –– taşı voussoir (placed next to the keystone). ––
töreni ceremony in which a groom sees the face of his bride for the
first time. –– vermek /a/ to flatter (someone) to his face. ––a
vermek /ı/ to give (the bride) to the groom during the koltuk
töreni. –– yastığı bolster, cushion (used as an
||1. maker or seller of armchairs. 2. seller of used furniture.
3. flatterer. 4. owner/operator of a cheap, standup bar.
||1. making or selling armchairs. 2. being a
||1. carrying something under one´s arm. 2. flattery.
||/ı/ 1. to tuck (something) under one´s arm. 2. to take
(someone´s) arm (to support him). 3. to flatter.
||to be flattered.
||(chair) that has arms.
||tailor. shield (sewn in the underarm of a garment).
||(abbr. for komisyon) com. (commission, committee).
||(abbr. for Komandit Şirket) limited partnership, special
||med. coma. ––dan çıkmak to come out of a coma. ––ya girmek 1.
to go into a coma. 2. slang to be beside oneself with rage, have a
duck fit. 3. slang to be dumfounded. ––ya sokmak /ı/ slang to
beat the daylights out of (someone).
||colloq., see koymak.
||slang 1. enraged. 2. badly beaten up. 3. exhausted, beat. ––
etmek /ı/ slang 1. to enrage (someone) greatly, cause (someone) to
have a duck fit. 2. to beat the tar out of (someone). –– olmak
slang to be exhausted, be beat.
||,-ti, komandit şirket, -ti limited partnership, special
||1. slip (woman´s undergarment). 2. arrangement, scheme,
||1. comedian; comedienne. 2. pseudo, fakey, artificial (person).
3. faker, phony, pseud.
||1. comical, funny. 2. comedian, comic.
||to become comical.
||comical action or situation.
||1. ranking police officer. 2. government inspector of firms. 3.
government observer at public meetings.
||1. rank or duties of a ranking police officer or government
inspector. 2. police station.
||1. commission, committee. 2. percentage, commission. –– işi
selling goods on commission, brokerage.
||commission agent, broker, middleman.
||being a commission agent, brokerage.
||hist. Balkan revolutionary organization.
||underground revolutionary activity.
||bedstand, nightstand, commode.
||,-nı see Komorlar.
||the Comoro Islands.
||chest of drawers, dresser.
||,-ki compact disk.
||compartment (in a railway passenger car).
||1. calipers, caliper compass. 2. caliper rule. 3. mariner´s
compass. 4. print. composing stick.
||1. filled up, full. 2. complete, full, entire; not deficient.
–– pansiyon full pension, full room and board.
||psych. (person) who has a complex.
||1. compliment. 2. flattery.
||conspiracy, plot, complot. –– kurmak to conspire, plot,
||conspirator, plotter, complotter.
||1. stewed fruit, compote. 2. compost (fertilizer).
||1. composing, arranging, composition. 2. art, mus. (a)
composition. 3. composition, short essay.
||1. running dog, lackey, comprador. 2. comprador, local agent
for a foreign business.
||1. neighbor. 2. neighboring, adjacent. –– açılar geom. adjacent
angles. –– kapısına çevirmek /ı/ to act as if (a far-off place)
were nearby. –– komşunun külüne/tütününe muhtaçtır. proverb Even in
the smallest of matters one neighbor can help another. –– olmak to
become neighbors. ––da pişer, bize de düşer. colloq. Maybe we´ll
benefit from our neighbor´s good fortune. ––nun tavuğu komşuya kaz
görünür. proverb The grass is always greener on the other side of
||1. being a neighbor. 2. neighborliness. –– etmek (for
neighbors) to be friendly with each other.
||,-tu order, command. –– vermek to issue a command.
||command, control, authority. –– etmek /a/ to command, be in
||1. commander, commanding officer. 2. high-ranking
||1. commandership. 2. command post; command
||,-ti 1. (a) communist. 2. communist.
||commutator, reversing switch.
||1. mansion, large and imposing house. 2. stopping place, place
to spend to the night (while traveling). 3. bivouac, temporary
encampment; billet. 4. (a) day´s journey. 5. scurf (on the head of
a newborn baby). 6. biol. host. –– gibi grand-looking (house). ––
yavrusu small mansion.
||1. person in charge of housing for a group of tourists. 2.
officer in charge of bivouacking; quartering officer; billeting
officer. 3. biol. host.
||1. spending the night (on a journey). 2. bivouacking,
encamping; billeting. –– tesisleri accommodations for travelers and
||1. to spend the night (on a journey). 2. mil. to bivouac,
encamp; to billet.
||1. nomad. 2. nomadic.
||1. flower bud. 2. slang good-quality hashish.
||leg (of a boot or stocking).
||1. long (stockings); high (boots). 2. (stocking, boot) that has
(a specified kind of) leg, -legged.
||short (stockings); legless.
||chem. (the process of) condensation.
||1. condition. 2. physical fitness.
||colloq., see gecekondu.
||1. /ı, a/ to make (a bird, insect) alight upon. 2. /ı, a/ to
tack on, stick on. 3. /ı, a/ to accept (that one is ...): Hastalığı
kendine kondurmuyor. He won´t accept that he´s ill. 4. /ı, a/ to
label (someone) a ..., put (someone) down as a ...: Bönlüğü ona
kondurdu. He put him down as a simpleton. 5. /ı, a/ suddenly to
land (a blow) or place (a kiss) on. 6. /ı/ to give (a quick
||conductor (on a train).
||,-ti theat. callboy.
||confederated. K–– Eyaletler hist. the Confederate States (of
||1. ready-made clothing, ready-to-wear clothing. 2. the
ready-made clothing business/trade. –– mağazası large store that
specializes in ready-made clothing.
||manufacturer or seller of ready-made clothing.
||making or selling ready-made clothing.
||1. lecture. 2. (international) conference. –– salonu lecture
room/hall. –– vermek to give a lecture.
||slang to vomit, throw up, barf, upchuck, toss one´s
||equipped with conveniences or laborsaving devices.
||,-ti 1. (a) conformist. 2. conforming, conformist.
||1. the Congo. 2. Congo, Congolese, of the Congo.
||1.(a) Congolese. 2. Congolese (person).
||geom. 1. conic, conical. 2. conic section.
||the economic situation (of a country).
||rock crusher, stone crusher.
||cooncan, coon king, double rum.
||1.law composition of debts. 2. concordat.
||horse show, Brit. gymkhana; riding/equitation/manège
competition; (equestrian) hurdle race; (equestrian)
||,-ar 1. /a/ to stay for the night at. 2. /a/ to camp in; to
bivouac in. 3. /a/ to alight, light, settle, or perch upon. 4. /a/
colloq. to have (something) fall in one´s lap, get (something)
without lifting a finger. 5. /a/ slang to give (someone) a
punch/haymaker (while fighting).
||,-ur /a/ see konulmak.
||gizzard (of a bird).
||1. chem. (the process of) concentration. 2. (mental)
||1. chem. (a) concentrate. 2. chem. concentrated. –– etmek/olmak
to concentrate (mentally).
||concert. –– vermek to give a concert.
||school of music/drama/dance, conservatory.
||1. canned food, Brit. tinned food. 2. canned, Brit. tinned:
bezelye konservesi canned peas.
||making or selling canned food.
||(administrative or consultative) council.
||com. (article, goods) sent/shipped on consignment. –– olarak
göndermek /ı/ to send/ship (goods) on consignment.
||1. console table; pier table. 2. cantilever; corbel; console;
bracket. –– köprü cantilever bridge. –– saati bracket clock, mantel
||,-ti 1. consol, consolidated annuity. 2. a card game.
||1. consulate (building). 2. the duties or the rank of a consul;
||1. food or drink (served in a bar or nightclub). 2. eating or
drinking (in a bar or nightclub).
||consul (of ancient Rome, of France in the First Republic).
||com. bill of lading.
||,-tu count; earl. –– gibi stylishly dressed (man). –– gibi
yaşamak to live in luxury, be in clover.
||1. short circuit, short. 2. slang cracked, touched in the head.
––ı açmak to switch on the motor (of an automotive vehicle), start
the engine. –– anahtarı car key, engine key (of an automotive
vehicle). ––ı kapamak to shut off the engine (of an automotive
||quota. ––a bağlamak /ı/ to establish a quota for. –– senatörü
hist. senator appointed by the President of Turkey.
||1. countess. 2. slang female teacher.
||countship, earldom (rank or domain).
||1. against, counter. 2. plywood. –– gitmek colloq. 1. /a/ to
oppose, go counter to. 2. (for someone) to be difficult, go against
||mus. double bass, contrabass.
||double bass player.
||,-lü 1. checking, inspecting. 2. inspector. –– altına almak /ı/
to get (a fire, an epidemic, inflation, etc.) under control. ––
etmek /ı/ to check, inspect. –– grubu control group. –– kalemi 1.
(screwdriver used as a) circuit-tester. 2. slang penis, *cock. ––
kulesi (airport) control tower. –– noktası checkpoint.
||1. inspector. 2. mil. comptroller.
||subject, topic, matter.
||the neighbors, the whole neighborhood.
||1. guest. 2. parasite.
||host or hostess (who looks after an important foreign guest for
a government or a business).
||,-ni guest house (of an institution or business).
||/ı/ to entertain, host, put up (a guest).
||being a guest.
||/a/ 1. to be put, be placed, be set. 2. (for a condiment) to be
||mil. base; installation.
||1. swarthy. 2. brown, iron gray (horse). 3. brave, heroic. ––
al 1. sandy, light brown. 2. roan.
||1. placing, arrangement. 2. geol. location. 3. mil.
||/ı/ mil. to position; to emplace.
||1. speaking. 2. talk, lecture, public speech. 3. conversation;
discussion. –– dili everyday speech, colloquial language.
||1. lecturer. 2. speaker, announcer.
||1. to talk, speak. 2. to communicate. 3. to converse, chat,
talk (with each other). 4. /ı or dan/ to discuss, talk about. 5.
/la/ to be on friendly terms with; to be on speaking terms with. 6.
colloq. (for something) to look sharp, be eye-catching.
||1. /ı/ to get (someone) to talk. 2. /ı, la/ to get (someone) to
talk (with); to allow (someone) to talk (with). 3. /ı/ to make
(someone) talk. 4. /ı/ colloq. to play (a musical instrument)
superbly, make (a musical instrument) talk.
||lecture, speech, talk.
||1. to be discussed. 2. to be spoken about; to be mentioned. 3.
impersonal passive to talk, converse. 4. impersonal passive to
||,-tu 1. house, dwelling, residence. 2. domicile, legal
residence. –– belgesi certificate of residence. –– dokunulmazlığı
law domiciliary inviolability.
||,-tu log., math. postulate.
||1. convention, agreement, treaty. 2. constitutional
||convection heater, convector.
||elec. converter, convertor.
||mech. conveyor; conveyor belt.
||(a) cooperative, (a) co-op.
||1. member of a cooperative. 2. manager of a cooperative. 3.
advocate of the cooperative movement, cooperationist.
||economic cooperation, the cooperative system.
||(for a business) to become a cooperative; (for an economy) to
be organized on a cooperative basis.
||,-tı math. (a) coordinate.
||used in: –– etmek /ı/ to coordinate.
||1. bobbin lace. 2. bobbin (used in lacemaking).
||1. to be broken off, be snapped off. 2. (for flowers or fruit)
to be picked.
||1. breaking off. 2. picking (flowers, fruit).
||,kopartmak 1. /ı/ to break off, tear off; to break or snap
(something) in two. 2. /ı/ to pluck, pick, snap off. 3. /ı/ to set
up, let out (a loud noise). 4. /ı, dan/ to pull away by force. 5.
/ı, dan/ colloq. to obtain with difficulty; to get (something) out
of (someone); to wangle.
||/ı, a/ to have (someone) break or tear (something) off.
||hook and eye.
||/ı/ to hook, fasten (using a hook and eye).
||to be hooked, be fastened.
||furnished with a hook and eye; (something) that is fastened
with a hook and eye.
||slang street Arab, gamin, urchin.
||breaking off, coming apart.
||1. to break off, fall off: Fırtınada meşenin bir dalı koptu.
During the storm a limb broke off the oak tree. 2. to break/snap in
two, break, snap. 3. (for a noisy or dangerous event) to break out,
begin. 4. to ache terribly. 5. prov. to run.
||hound (hunting dog).
|kopsi kefali etmek
||/ı/ slang to chop off/lop off (someone´s) head.
||1. (thing) that has broken off (something), broken: kopuk
dallar broken limbs. 2. (something) that has broken/snapped in two,
broken, snapped: kopuk bir tel a broken wire. 3. colloq.
vagabond, tramp, bum; (a) good-for-nothing. 4. hist. (a) tough, (a)
rowdy. –– alayı band of vagabonds; band of good-for-nothings.
||broken bit, fragment.
||lute-like instrument (played by medieval Turkish bards).
||bard who accompanied himself with a kopuz.
||1.copy. 2. crib, pony. 3. copying. 4. cribbing, copying,
cheating. –– çekmek to crib, copy, cheat. ––sını çıkarmak /ın/ to
copy. –– defteri copybook. –– etmek /ı/ to copy, reproduce. ––
kâğıdı carbon paper. –– kalemi copying pencil. –– mürekkebi copying
||1. copier. 2. cribber, cheater.
||1. copying. 2. cribbing, cheating.
||1. live or glowing coal, ember. 2. fiery red. –– dökmek to form
a bed of glowing coals. –– gibi 1. red-hot. 2. fiery red.
||(abbr. for Kolordu) mil. C, c. (corps).
||chorea, St. Vitus´s dance.
||(abbr. for Koramiral) V.A. (vice admiral).
||,-li mus. chorale, choral.
||,-li vice admiral.
||diplomatic corps, corps diplomatique.
||1. cord, cordon, braid; shoulder knot. 2. cord, rope; pull. 3.
(electric) cord (of an appliance). 4. arch. stringcourse. 5. cordon
(of troops or police). 6. (spermatic) cord. 7. (Fallopian) tube. ––
altına almak /ı/ to cordon off.
||1. Korea. 2. Korean, of Korea.
||1. Korean, the Korean language. 2. (speaking, writing) in
Korean, Korean. 3. Korean (speech, writing); spoken in Korean;
written in Korean.
||1. (a) Korean. 2. Korean (person).
||(abbr. for Korgeneral) Lt. Gen. (lieutenant general).
||,-li lieutenant general.
||duties or rank of a lieutenant general; lieutenant
||1. hall, corridor. 2. slang (goalkeeper) who´s not on the ball,
who lets balls get across the goal.
||1. fearful, timid; cowardly. 2. fearful person; coward. ––
yahudi/karga colloq. fraidy-cat, scaredy-cat.
||fearfulness, timidity; cowardice.
||/dan/ to fear, be afraid (of), be scared (of), dread. korktuğu
başına gelmek/korktuğuna uğramak for something to turn out the way
one feared, for a much feared thing to befall one.
||fear; phobia; fright; dread; terror. –– dağları
bekler/bekletir/aşırır. proverb 1. Some people prefer to flee to
the mountains and brave the elements, rather than suffer punishment
or oppression. 2. Fear can get the best of people. ––nun ecele
faydası yoktur. proverb There is no use fearing the inevitable. ––
filmi horror movie. –– saçmak to spread terror. –– vermek /a/ to
||/dan/ to be frightened of, be frightened that.
||1. scary, frightening. 2. dangerous, perilous. –– rüya/düş
görmektense uyanık yatmak hayırlıdır/yeğdir. proverb It´s better to
do without a thing than to run risks to get it.
||1. scarecrow. 2. banister, balustrade; railing; parapet. 3.
(removable) side (of a wagon or flat-bed truck). 4. figurehead;
paper tiger; cipher.
||1. terrible, terrifying; dreadful, awful. 2. terrific,
frightful, extreme, tremendous. 3. slang very, terrifically,
||1. fearless, intrepid. 2. safe.
||/ı/ 1. to frighten, scare; to intimidate; to alarm, give
(someone) a fright. 2. to scare off/away.
||to form a bed of glowing coals.
||prov. brazier, mangal.
||automobile horn; air horn; bicycle horn; foghorn.
||soccer corner kick, corner.
||,-ti 1. mus. cornet. 2. (ice-cream) cone.
||1. curtain rod. 2. cornice.
||1. French horn. 2. powder horn. 3. oil horn.
||chorus; choir. –– halinde (speaking) in unison.
||slang 1. idiotic, foolish (person). 2. idiot, fool,
||1. pirate, corsair. 2. pirated, piratical, unlawful, illegal:
korsan baskı pirated edition. –– gemisi pirate ship. –– radyo
pirate radio station.
||maker or seller of corsets or girdles; corsetier; girdler.
||making or selling corsets or girdles.
||1. Corsica. 2. Corsican, of Corsica.
||1.(a) Corsican. 2. Corsican (person).
||,-tu sports court: tenis kortu tennis court.
||courting; flirting. –– etmek /la/ to court; to flirt with.
||grove, small wood.
||1. forest ranger. 2. village policeman.
||unripe grape. –– lüferi small bluefish (caught in August). ––
suyu verjuice, the juice of unripe grapes.
||grove, small wood.
||protection; defense. –– görevlisi bodyguard. –– polisi police
bodyguard. –– ünsüzü phonetics buffer y between two
||/ı/ 1. to protect, guard, shield, watch over; to defend. 2. to
cover, take care of (an expense). 3. to preserve, maintain.
||shelter, place of refuge, refuge.
||1. small case or box. 2. storeroom.
||,-nu anat. epidermal tissue of the stratum corneum.
||place thick with trefoil.
||1. /dan/ to safeguard or protect oneself against; to avoid,
escape (something). 2. to be protected, be shielded. 3. to be
preserved, be kept intact.
||1. protecting, protective. 2. protector, defender. –– hekimlik
||naut. fouling (of cables or chains) (in the water).
||very big; very great.
||1. Costa Rica. 2. Costa Rican, Costa Rica, of Costa Rica.
||1.(a) Costa Rican. 2. Costa Rican (person).
||prov. dressed to the nines, dressed fit to kill.
||1. (man´s two or three-piece) suit. 2. theat. costume.
||1. (material) fit for making a man´s suit. 2. suiting, fabric
suitable for making a man´s suit.
||gram. copula, linking verb.
||prov. yoking or harnessing two animals together.
||1. running. 2. lit. free-form folk poem or song about love or
nature. 3. naut. guy, stay.
||tag (children´s game).
||1. /ı, a/ to harness, hitch (to). 2. /ı/ to hitch up a horse
to. 3. /ı, a/ to have (one person) escort (another). 4. /ı, a/ to
put (one person) to work alongside (another). 5. /ı, a/ to have
(someone) do (a job).
||1. to run. 2. /ardından, peşinden/ to pursue, try to get. koşar
adımlarla running, at a run. Koşar adım marş/ileri! Run! (command
given to a physical education class).
||/ı, a/ 1. to have (an animal) hitched to. 2. to send (someone)
on (an errand).
||/ı/ 1. to let (someone, something) run; to make (someone,
something) run. 2. to hurry (someone). 3. to race (a horse).
||race. –– atı racehorse. –– koparmak to jump up and dash
||runner (person competing in a race).
||lit. verse (metrical composition).
||condition, provision, stipulation. –– birleşik zamanı gram.
||to be conditioned.
||/ı/ psych. to condition.
||psych. conditioning, being conditioned.
||psych. to be conditioned.
||1. conditional. 2. psych. conditioned. –– tasım conditional
syllogism. –– yantümce gram. protasis.
||1. (for a horse-drawn vehicle) to be readied for departure. 2.
/a/ to be hitched (to). 3. /a/ to be assigned to escort (someone).
4. /a/ to be put to work alongside (someone).
||impersonal passive to run.
||harness. –– atı carriage horse; draft horse. –– hayvanı draft
animal. –– kayışı trace (of a harness).
||1. line of soldiers, rank. 2. row of people standing side by
side. –– bağlamak mil. to form ranks. –– koşun 1. in rows, in
lines, in ranks. 2. ranked, drawn up in ranks.
||1. followers, supporters. 2. accomplices.
||1. (for people) to run or rush together. 2. (for someone) to
run hither and thither, rush from one place to another.
||to run hither and yon, rush from one place to another.
||,-tu 1. (figure indicating) elevation or altitude. 2.
classificatory number or letter.
||,-tu 1. (a pair of) jeans, blue jeans, or denims (trousers). 2.
denim skirt. 3. denim.
||large, metal plow.
||/ı/ 1. to dish up (food). 2. to complete, finish. 3. to
||/ı/ 1. to put down the elevations of places on (a map). 2. to
show the dimensions of things on (a plan). 3. to spell out (a word)
(using the first letters in the names of cities).
||,-ti cutlet; chop.
||cutter (a boat).
||gossip, malicious talk. –– etmek /ı/ to gossip about (someone),
run (someone) down.
||1. bucket, pail. 2. slang passive male homosexual, fag,
||tag (children´s game).
||/ı/ to chase, try to catch or get, pursue.
||1. beehive, hive. 2. cartridge case. 3. socket (for a handle).
4. slang passive male homosexual, fag, faggot.
||cowboy. –– filmi western, cowboy movie.
||1. talebearing, (someone) who is a talebearer. 2. maliciously
||1. talebearing, being an informer. 2. denigration,
||/ı, a/ 1. to have (someone) drive (another person) away. 2. to
have (someone) get rid of (another person).
||/ı/ 1. to talk maliciously about (someone), run (someone) down.
2. to tell on, inform on.
||/ı/ 1. to drive (someone) away (with a harsh word or action).
2. to expel, get rid of.
||1. talebearing, (someone) who is a talebearer. 2. maliciously
||1. talebearing, being an informer. 2. denigration,
||hollow, not solid.
||1. to be driven away (with a harsh word or action). 2. to be
gotten rid of, be expelled.
||an unwelcoming attitude; a cool reception.
||/ı/ to behave unwelcomingly toward, give (someone) a cool
||driving someone away.
||investigation of a case (by a legal agency of the state). ––
açmak to begin a legal investigation. –– yapmak to make a legal
||/ı/ to investigate (a crime).
||small bay, cove.
||confluence (of two streams).
||/ı, a/ to have (something) put (somewhere).
||1. /ı/ to put, place. 2. /ı/ to let go (inside or outside). 3.
/a/ to affect, upset, bother; to move. 4. /ı/ to appropriate, set
aside. Koydunsa bul. colloq. It´s like trying to find a needle in a
haystack. koyup gitmek /ı/ to leave (something, someone) and go
away. Koyduğum yerde otluyor. colloq. 1. He´s still in the same
(socioeconomic) position he´s always been in. 2. He hasn´t changed
one iota./He´s just the same as ever (meant as a negative
||1. thick (liquid). 2. dark, deep (color). 3. extreme, fervid,
||1. thickening, getting thick. 2. becoming dark, darkening.
||1. (for a liquid) to thicken. 2. (for a color) to darken.
||1. thickening (a liquid). 2. darkening (a color).
||/ı/ 1. to thicken (a liquid). 2. to darken (a color).
||1. (for a liquid) to thicken. 2. (for a color) to darken. 3.
/a/ to begin, set about, set to, embark upon.
||/ı/ 1. to thicken (a liquid). 2. to darken (a color).
||1. thickness (of a liquid). 2. darkness, deepness (of a color).
3. extremeness, rabidity.
||1. sheep. 2. colloq. simpleton. –– bakışlı (person) with a
dull, stupid look in his eye. ––un bulunmadığı yerde keçiye
Abdurrahman Çelebi derler. proverb An inferior thing seems
first-rate to those who have never known anything better. –– can
derdinde, kasap yağ derdinde. proverb One man´s loss is another
man´s gain. –– dede colloq. fool, simpleton. –– eti mutton. –– gibi
stupid. –– kaval dinler gibi dinlemek to listen without
understanding a thing.
||,-ynu 1. bosom, breast, 2. arms, embrace. ––una almak /ı/ to
take (someone) to bed with one. ––una girmek /ın/ to go to bed with
(someone). ––una koymak /ı/ to put into one´s bosom or breast
pocket. –– koyuna 1. in each other´s arms. 2. in the same bed.
––unda yılan beslemek to nourish a viper in one´s bosom.
||,koyvermek /ı/ to set free, let go.
||1. a chance (to attack or to defend oneself); a trump, an ace
up one´s sleeve. 2. playing cards trump. 3. walnut. ––
helva/helvası nougat. –– kabuğundan çıkmış da kabuğunu beğenmemiş.
colloq. He is ashamed of his background. ––unu kaybetmek colloq. to
lose, come out the loser. –– kırmak 1. to play a trump card. 2. to
be up to no good. ––unu oynamak to play one´s trump card. ––unu
paylaşmak /la/ (forcibly) to settle accounts with (someone).
||1. cocoon (of an insect). 2. boll; pod; seed capsule.
||person who buys and sells silkworm cocoons.
||,kozalak 1. cone (of a conifer). 2. cocoon. 3. boll; pod; seed
capsule. 4. formerly an ivory disk (used to protect a wax seal). 5.
(an) unripe fruit.
||pineal. –– bez anat. pineal gland, pineal body.
||1. (a) cosmetic. 2. cosmetic.
||cosmic. –– ışınlar phys. cosmic rays.
||cosmogonic, cosmogonical, cosmogonal.
||,-ti 1. cosmopolitan. 2. cosmopolitan person,
||1. foal of a camel. 2. formerly youth who performed erotic
dances in woman´s garb. 3. frivolous person, light-minded
||a lively dance tune.
||1. formerly the profession of a köçek. 2. frivolous
||grilled meat patty; meatball; croquette.
||1. maker and seller of grilled meat patties. 2. small
restaurant specializing in grilled meat patties.
||making/selling grilled meat patties.
||colloq. son of a gun (said half affectionately).
||a sweet made of starch and boiled-down grape juice.
||oil meal (for cattle).
||1. dilapidated, ramshackle, falling into ruin. 2. outdated,
||1. dilapidation, being dilapidated. 2. being outmoded.
||,köhneleşmek 1. to become dilapidated. 2. to become
||,-kü 1. root. 2. origin. 3. chem. radical. 4. root (of an
equation). 5. dent., ling. root. 6. root (of a matter/problem).
––ünden completely, thoroughly, once and for all. –– işareti math.
radical sign. ––ünü kazımak /ın/ to extirpate, eradicate. ––ü
kazınmak to be extirpated, be utterly destroyed. ––ünden kesip
atmak /ı/ to settle (a matter) once and for all. ––üne kibrit suyu
dökmek/––ünü kurutmak /ın/ to exterminate, wipe out. –– salmak 1.
(for a cutting) to develop roots; (for a plant) to take root,
become rooted. 2. (for something) to become established, take hold,
catch on. –– sökmek to do a very difficult job. –– söktürmek /a/
colloq. to make things difficult for (someone).
||,-kü tuning peg (of a saz).
||root meaning (of a word).
||,-nı 1. madder, madder root; alizarin. 2. madder plant.
||1. origin, source. 2. ling. root, root form, etymon, radical.
3. place of origin, homeland. 4. plant or stem (usually refers to
cucumber, melon, or squash plants). –– belgesi com. certificate of
||/ı/ prov. to layer, propagate (a plant) by layering.
||,-nu mole cricket.
||1. uprooting plants. 2. clearing soil of roots.
||/ı/ 1. to uproot, dig up by the roots. 2. to clear (soil) of
roots. 3. to quilt or tuft (the sides of a quilt or mattress)
together. 4. to plait or braid (braids) together.
||/ı/ to tune (a saz).
||/ı/ to root (a plant cutting).
||putting out roots.
||1. to take root, put forth roots. 2. to become firmly
||classic, of lasting appeal.
||becoming settled down.
||1. to take root. 2. to settle down, become established. 3. (for
an idea) to become generally accepted.
||/ı/ 1. to cause (a plant) to take root. 2. to cause (something)
to become established or generally accepted.
||1. (something) that has roots/a root; rooted (plant). 2. basic,
fundamental, radical, thoroughgoing. –– aile old and well-known
||fir tree, fir.
||,-pı rhizome, rootstalk.
||1. rootless (plant cutting). 2. groundless, unfounded.
||(a) (religious) fundamentalist.
||gram. cognate (word). –– tümleç direct object that is cognate
with its verb.
||(male) slave. ––n olayım! colloq. I beg you!/
||to turn into a slave.
||/ı/ to make (someone) into a slave.
||1. coal. 2. charcoal. 3. coal-black. –– çarpmak /ı/ for
charcoal fumes to give (someone) a headache. –– gibi coal-black. ––
gözlü (person) with coal-black eyes. –– işçisi coal miner, Brit.
collier. –– kalem charcoal pencil. –– katranı coal tar. –– ocağı
||1. coal dealer. 2. stoker. 3. charcoal burner. –– çırağına
dönmek (for someone) to get black (with grime).
||1. the coal business, the work of a coal dealer. 2. the work of
a stoker. 3. charcoal burning, the work of a charcoal burner.
||1. to turn into coal, coalify. 2. to turn into charcoal.
||/ı/ to make into charcoal.
||1. coalbin; coal cellar. 2. naut. bunker.
||1. dog. 2. vulg. bastard, s.o.b. ––in ağzına kemik atmak vulg.
to shut up a troublemaker by giving him a slice of the pie. ––e
atsan yemez. colloq. It´s not even fit for a dog to eat. ––i
bağlasan durmaz. colloq. It´s not fit for a dog to live in, much
less a person! ––le dalaşmaktan çalıyı dolaşmak yeğdir./––e
dalanmaktan çalıyı dolanmak yeğdir. proverb It is worth doing
whatever is necessary to avoid a confrontation with a nasty person.
––in duası kabul/makbul olsa/olsaydı gökten kemik yağar/yağardı.
proverb If scoundrels were to run the world, it´d be an
uninhabitable place. –– gibi cringingly, fawningly. ––ler güler
buna. colloq. It´s too funny for words. ––e hoşt, kediye pist
dememek to be unable to say “boo” to a goose. –– köpek olalı bir av
avladı. colloq. In all this time he´s only managed to do one
noteworthy thing. –– soyu vulg. bastard, s.o.b. ––le yatan pire ile
kalkar. proverb 1. If you associate with a scoundrel, you´ll pick
up some of his habits. 2. If you associate with a scoundrel, you´ll
suffer for it. –– yese kudurur. colloq. Even the most low-down
scoundrel couldn´t stomach such a remark!
||,-nı 1. shark. 2. dogfish.
||,-ni canine tooth, cuspid.
||,-nu a wrestling hold.
||colloq. 1. to be dog-tired. 2. to be sorry for what one has
done. 3. to be cut down to size, be taken down a peg. 4. to cringe,
||,köpekleşmek to cringe, fawn, grovel.
||cringing, fawning, groveling.
||,-ni large axillary bubo.
||,-nu colloq. 1. bastard, s.o.b. 2. fox, crafty person. –– köpek
vulg. son of a bitch.
||1. bridge. 2. dent., wrestling, naut. bridge. 3. hasp (of a
lock). 4. slang bending a playing card so that when the cards are
cut this card will come out on top. –– altı çocuğu homeless child,
street Arab. ––nün/––lerin altından çok su/sular aktı/geçti.
colloq. Many things have changed since then. ––leri atmak to burn
one´s bridges. ––den/––yü geçinceye kadar ayıya dayı derler.
proverb You should play up to an ogre until he gives you what you
want. –– gözü arch of a bridge.
||,-nı 1. mil. bridgehead. 2. foothold, start, beginning.
||1. bridge builder. 2. mil. pontooning (unit), (unit) of
||1. small bridge. 2. anat. collarbone, clavicle. –– kemiği anat.
||the work of a bridge builder, bridge building.
||1. foam, bubbles, froth; suds. 2. bubble. 3. styrofoam.
||to become foamy, bubbly, frothy, or sudsy.
||frothy, bubbly, foamy; sudsy.
||/ı/ prov. to quilt or tuft (the sides of a quilt or mattress)
||prov. quilted (cloth); tufted (upholstery, mattress); (chair or
sofa) with tufted upholstery.
||1. to foam, froth, spume; to effervesce, bubble. 2. to suds; to
lather. 3. to foam at the mouth, be beside oneself with rage.
||/ı/ to make (something) foam, lather, or effervesce.
||scum (on stagnant water).
||1. blind. 2. dull, not sharp. 3. dim (light). 4. blind,
dead-end. 5. blind, unaware of what´s happening. 6. (in
expressions) bad, evil; unlucky. –– boğaz one´s appetite for food,
hunger. –– çapa a short, blunt hoe. –– değneğini beller gibi
without ever thinking of doing otherwise. –– dövüşü chaotic
situation. –– duman very thick fog. –– hat rail. siding. ––ün
istediği bir göz, Allah verdi iki göz. colloq. He was blessed with
more than he´d hoped for. –– kadı forthright person, person who
speaks his mind. –– kör parmağım gözüne colloq. out in the open,
perfectly evident, clear. ––ü körüne blindly, carelessly, at
random. –– kütük sarhoş dead drunk. ––ler mahallesinde ayna satmak
to sell refrigerators to Eskimos, carry coals to Newcastle. ––ler
memleketinde şaşılar padişah/baş olur. proverb An inferior thing
seems first-rate to those who have never known anything better. ––
nişancılık 1. hitting the target by chance only. 2. doing something
correctly by chance only. –– olası/olasıca colloq. 1. Damn
him/her/it! 2. damned, accursed. ––ünü öldürmek 1. to satisfy one´s
desires after a fashion. 2. to swallow one´s pride and admit one´s
helplessness. –– ölür badem gözlü olur, kel ölür sırma saçlı olur.
proverb What was ugly or worthless seems beautiful or valuable once
it has been lost. –– şeytan/talih bad luck. –– tapa blind flange.
–– topal colloq. after a fashion, in a half-assed way. –– uçuş
flying blind. ––le yatan şaşı kalkar. proverb 1. If you associate
with a scoundrel, you´ll pick up some of his habits. 2. If you
associate with a scoundrel, you´ll suffer for it.
||wood used for the central layer of lumber-core plywood.
||anat. cecum, blind gut.
||1. knot that refuses to come undone. 2. very complicated
situation, Gordian knot.
||1. (for a cutting implement) to get dull. 2. to atrophy, waste
away; to decline. 3. (for a well) to begin to go dry. 4. (for a
fire) to die down.
||/ı/ 1. to dull (a cutting implement). 2. to cause (something)
to atrophy or decline.
||1. gulf; bay; inlet. 2. secluded, out-of-the-way.
||rock lying close to the sea´s surface.
||blindly, at random.
||,körleşmek 1. (for a cutting implement) to become dull. 2. (for
one´s mental powers) to decline, fail. 3. (for a well) to go dry.
4. (for a place) to cease to attract people, become dead. 5. (for a
wound) to begin to heal.
||,körletmek /ı/ 1. to dull (a cutting implement). 2. to cause
(someone´s mental powers) to decline. 3. to make (a well) go dry.
4. to make (a place) cease to attract people.
||1. blindness. 2. bluntness, dullness (of a cutting implement).
3. lack of foresight. 4. clumsiness; blundering.
||childless family or home.
||,-nu a hero in Turkish folktales.
||,-nu wife, the missus.
||young and fresh, young and tender.
||very young and tender.
||1. bellows. 2. accordion bellows; camera bellows. 3. folding
top (of an automobile); bellows top. 4. accordion coupling (as on a
bus or a railway passenger car).
||1. bellows maker. 2. bellows operator. 3. instigator,
||1. blowing on (a fire) with a bellows. 2. incitement.
||/ı/ 1. to blow on (a fire) with a bellows. 2. to encourage,
||1. to be blown on with a bellows. 2. to be incited to
||1. furnished with a bellows. 2. (automobile) that has a folding
top; (carriage) that has a bellows top. 3. (something) that has a
foldable, accordion-like section.
||a big drum (formerly used for signalling). –– dinlemiş (person)
who has experienced so much that he faces most things with
||looking neither right nor left.
||naturally lacking a beard; having a very sparse beard. –– sakal
very sparse beard.
||poker (for a fire); long stick charred at one end (used as a
||stout leather. –– gibi leathery, tough (food). –– suratlı
colloq. shameless (person).
||,-nı 1. corundum whetstone. 2. sandstone (for polishing
marble). 3. shoemaker´s lapstone.
||being naturally beardless or sparsely bearded.
||,kösemen 1. lead goat; lead ram; bellwether. 2. ram trained to
||being the lead goat or ram. –– etmek to guide, lead.
||1. lust, desire, passion. 2. estrus, heat; rut.
||enslaved by lust.
||in heat, estral; in rut.
||1. lustful, sensual, libidinous. 2. erotic.
||1. sensuality. 2. eroticism.
||to be in heat; to be in rut.
||1. hobble. 2. watch chain; key chain. 3. chain (of a sword
scabbard). 4. obstacle, impediment. ––i kırmak 1. (for a child) to
learn how to walk (for the first time). 2. to sever all one´s ties
with a place. 3. to leave quickly, beat it. –– olmak /a/ to impede,
hinder. –– vurmak /a/ 1. to hobble (a horse). 2. wrestling to get a
grip on the leg/legs of (an opponent) with one´s arms.
||/ı/ 1. to hobble, fetter (a horse). 2. to hamper, impede; to
bring (a job) to a standstill.
||1. to be hobbled. 2. to trip, stumble. 3. to be hampered; to be
brought to a standstill.
||1. hobbled. 2. (watch, key) that is on a chain.
||1. corner. 2. out-of-the-way place, secluded spot, nook. ––
başı 1. street corner. 2. corner, situated at a corner. –– bucak
every nook and cranny. ––sine/––ye çekilmek to live a quiet, simple
life; to withdraw from the center of the stage; to withdraw from
public life. ––yi dönmek to make good, get where one wants to be in
life, attain the (socioeconomic) status one has wished to achieve.
–– kadısı person who hates to be inconvenienced, person who loves
his comforts. –– kapmaca children´s game puss in the
||1. angle iron. 2. cornerpiece.
||diagonal (of a polygon or polyhedron).
||diagonally; in a diagonal position.
||cornered, angled. –– ayraç print. bracket, square bracket.
||piece of furniture designed for a corner.
||,-kü 1. large wooden house (set in a big garden). 2. small,
richly decorated outbuilding of a palace. 3. richly decorated
||cudgeling, drubbing, beating. –– atmak /a/ to give (someone) a
beating. –– yemek to get a beating.
||/ı/ to beat, give (someone) a beating.
||1. bad. 2. worthless, poor in quality. 3. evil, wicked. 4.
angrily; malevolently; maliciously. 5. colloq. really (used as an
intensifier): Kötü acıyor. It really hurts. –– adam cin. heavy, bad
man, villain. –– beslenme malnutrition. ––ye boğmak /ı/ slang to
deceive, trick, cheat (someone). –– emilim malabsorption. –– günler
hard times. –– haber tez duyulur. proverb Bad news travels fast. ––
kadın prostitute, scarlet woman. –– kişi olmak to become the target
of someone´s/others´ dislike, be regarded as the person who´s in
the wrong. –– kötü angrily; malevolently; maliciously. –– kötü
düşünmek to brood, think of troubling things. ––ye kullanmak /ı/ to
misuse (one´s authority); to abuse, take unfair advantage of. ––
söz insanı dininden çıkarır, (tatlı söz yılanı ininden çıkarır).
proverb Harsh words only make people angry (but sweet words can
charm a snake from its hole). –– yola düşmek/sapmak 1. to become a
prostitute. 2. to stray from the straight and narrow, begin to live
||1. malicious, malevolent; evil. 2. path. malignant. ––
kansızlık path. pernicious anemia. –– ur path. cancer, malignant
||1. /ı/ to speak ill of, run down. 2. to become haggard and weak
||to be disparaged, be run down.
||1. to become bad, deteriorate. 2. to become a prostitute.
||/ı/ to cause (something) to go wrong, spoil, make a mess of; to
||1. bad condition. 2. malicious or evil action, wrong, harm. 3.
badness, wickedness. –– etmek /a/ to do (someone) harm.
||evil, wicked (person).
||/ı/ to disparage, belittle.
||1. pessimistic. 2. pessimist.
||1. paralyzed in the legs. 2. paralyzed, crippled (leg). ––
olmak 1. to become paralyzed in the legs. 2. (for a leg) to become
||1. to become paralyzed in the legs. 2. (for a leg) to become
||village. –– enstitüsü formerly teacher training institute
(which prepared villagers to be teachers in village schools). K––
İşleri Bakanlığı Ministry of Village Affairs. –– kurulu village
council (official, elected body). –– muhtarı village headman
||person working to improve the lot of the villager.
||person from the same village as oneself, fellow
||1. villager; peasant. 2. person from the same village as
oneself, fellow villager.
||1. being a villager or a peasant. 2. behavior characteristic of
||,-nı 1. room where villagers gather to talk. 2. room where
strangers passing through the village can stay.
||1. ashes (containing a few live coals). 2. live coals.
||(a) food cooked in hot ashes or over live coals.
||/ı/ to cook (a food) in hot ashes/over live coals.
||,-nı kraft, kraft paper.
||1. king. 2. colloq. super, A1, top-notch. ––dan çok kralcı
olmak (for a supporter) to be more devoted to a cause than the
cause´s leader is.
||1. (a) royalist. 2. royalist, royalistic.
||queen. –– gibi beautiful and elegantly dressed (woman);
||queenship, queenhood, queendom.
||,-ti 1. kingdom. 2. kingship. –– ailesi royal family.
||1. kingdom. 2. kingship.
||,-pı med. cramp. –– girmek /a/ to get a cramp (in) (a part of
||cleat (of an athletic shoe).
||crater. –– gölü crater lake.
||,-tı tie, necktie.
||1. good credit standing; good credit rating. 2. bank loan, loan
of money (obtained from a bank). 3. reputation, one´s position in
the public eye. 4. education credit, credit hour. –– açmak /a/ 1.
to let (someone) buy on credit. 2. (for a bank) to give (someone) a
loan of money. –– almak to get a bank loan, get a loan of money
from a bank. ––si düşmek 1. to lose one´s credit standing. 2. to
lose the esteem of others. –– kartı credit card. –– limiti credit
line, Brit. credit limit. –– mektubu letter of credit. –– vermek
/a/ (for a bank) to give (someone) a loan (of money).
||1. face cream; hand cream; cold cream; vanishing cream. 2.
||1. cream filling (for pastries or cookies). 2. cream (from
||cream-filled (pastry, cookie).
||caramel custard, crème caramel.
||/ı/ to apply (a cosmetic) cream to.
||crème Chantilly, whipped cream.
||,-pi 1. crepe (fabric). 2. crepe; pancake, hot cake, griddle
cake. –– döşin crepe de Chine.
||crepon. –– kâğıdı crepe paper.
||day nursery, day-center, crèche.
||,-ti sports cricket.
||jack (lifting device). ––ya almak /ı/ to jack (something)
||crypto, one who adheres or belongs secretly to a party, sect,
or other group.
||,-li 1. crystal. 2. slang cocaine, snow.
||1. critical review, critique. 2. critical, crucial. 3. med.
||criticism, the art of criticism.
||1. crisis. 2. fit of hysterics, attack of nerves. 3. fit,
attack. –– geçirmek to have a fit of hysterics.
||,-ti croquet (game).
||1. roughly drawn plan, sketch, or map; croquis; diagram. 2.
||crocodile, made of crocodile skin.
||chem. chrome, chromium.
||knot. –– bağı figure-of-eight knot.
||1. cross-country, long-distance running. 2. cross-country
||1. (abbr. for kuruş) kuruş, piaster. 2. (abbr. for
karşılaştırınız) cf. (compare).
||croupier (at a gaming table).
||the work of a croupier.
||1. double-breasted (garment). 2. twilled (cloth).
||1. (ladies´) hairdresser. 2. barber.
||,-ti mus. quartet.
||1. dome (convex roof). 2. sky, vault of heaven, firmament. ––
altı hist. room in Topkapı Palace where the grand vizier met with
the Council of State. ––leri çınlatmak to shout loud enough to wake
the dead; to raise the roof.
||1. domed; furnished with a dome or domes. 2. dome-shaped.
||cubism (art movement).
||1. toilet hole; soil pipe. 2. quiver; quiver-shaped holder. 3.
||1. powder flask. 2. holster.
||1. embrace; lap. 2. armful. ––ta (baby) too young to walk,
(babe) in arms. –– açmak /a/ to receive (someone) with open arms;
to take (someone) in; to take (someone) under one´s wing. ––ına
almak /ı/ to pick up and hold in one´s arms, take into one´s arms;
to sit (someone) on one´s lap; to put (something) on one´s lap. ––
çocuğu babe in arms. –– dolusu an armful. ––ına düşmek /ın/ to find
oneself in the midst of (a bad situation, one´s enemies). ––ta
gezdirmek /ı/ to carry (a child) around in one´s arms. –– kucağa 1.
in each other´s arms, in each other´s embrace. 2. face to face,
just opposite each other. –– kucak 1. by the armloads, by the
armfuls; in abundance. 2. armloads of, armfuls of; a great many.
––tan kucağa dolaşmak/gezmek (for a woman) to have a succession of
lovers; to be promiscuous. ––ına oturmak /ın/ to sit on (someone´s)
||/ı/ 1. to embrace, take in one´s arms; to hug. 2. to
||to embrace or hug each other.
||,kuçu kuçu 1. Here! (said when calling a dog). 2. child´s
language doggie, bow-wow, woof-woof.
||the Eucharist, Holy Communion, Communion (Christian sacrament
||,-ti 1. power, might, strength. 2. capacity, ability. 3. the
omnipotence (of God). 4. financial resources, the wherewithal.
––ten produced by natural forces, natural. –– hamamı Turkish bath
(the water of which comes from a thermal spring). –– helvası
||,-nı balsam apple (fruit or plant).
||wild, uncontrollable (person).
||1. to become rabid, go mad, become hydrophobic. 2. to be beside
oneself with anger, be foaming at the mouth. 3. to become
uncontrollable, go wild.
||/ı/ 1. to cause (someone, an animal) to become rabid. 2. to
enrage, cause (someone) to blow his stack. 3. to make (someone,
something) uncontrollable, drive (someone, something) wild.
||1. rabid, mad, hydrophobic. 2. wild, uncontrollable
||1. rabies, hydrophobia, 2. rabid, hydrophobic.
||a small double drum.
||1. Kufic, Cufic. 2. Kufic, Kufic script.
||(for a pigeon) to coo.
||,-ti mus. quintet.
||ball (of thread used for embroidering or making
||1. wood from the root of the coconut palm, coconut. 2. made
from the root of the coconut palm, coconut.
||1. puppet; marionette; hand puppet. 2. puppet show. 3. puppet,
a tool. –– gibi oynatmak /ı/ 1. to manipulate (someone) for one´s
own ends. 2. to string (someone) along. –– hükümet puppet
||stone (of a fruit).
||furnished with a hood or cowl.
||little owl. –– gibi all alone, all by oneself. –– gibi düşünüp
durmak to brood forlornly.
||child´s language rooster, cock.
||1. slave. 2. mortal, human being, man (in relation to God). ––
köle/kurban olmak /a/ to serve (someone) with utter faithfulness
and obedience. –– kusursuz/hatasız olmaz. proverb Nobody´s
perfect./To err is human. –– sıkılmayınca/bunalmayınca Hızır
yetişmez. proverb It´s only when a man´s problems become serious
that he finds (or is granted) a solution to them. –– taksimi equal
division and distribution. –– yapısı man-made.
||1. fathom. 2. swimming stroke. 3. swimming crawl. –– atmak to
swim a stroke; to swim a crawl, crawl.
||1. /ı/ to measure in fathoms. 2. to swim a stroke; to swim a
||1. ear. 2. gill (of a fish). 3. tuning peg. 4. natural sense of
musical pitch, ear. 5. handgrip, lug, (rounded) handle (of a
cooking pot). ––ını açmak to listen carefully. ––ı ağır işitmek to
be hard of hearing, be partially deaf. –– akıntısı discharge from
an ear. –– asmak /a/ to pay attention (to); to heed. ––tan âşık
olmak /a/ to be in love with (someone, something) one has never
seen. ––ı (bir şeyde) olmak to be listening to. ––ını bükmek /ın/
to forewarn. ––ına çalınmak /ın/ to overhear (something). ––ını
çekmek /ın/ 1. to pull (someone´s) ear. 2. to give (someone) a firm
but gentle rebuke. ––ları çınlamak for one´s ears to ring.
––ı/––ları çınlasın. colloq. I wish he could hear this (said when
something good is said of someone absent). ––ını çınlatmak /ın/ to
speak well of (someone absent). –– delici earsplitting, deafening
(noise). ––ı delik (person) who´s quick to pick up news. ––ını
delmek /ın/ slang to tell (a gambler) that he´s been swindled.
––larını dikmek (for an animal) to prick up its ears. ––ını
doldurmak /ın/ to fill (someone) in, put (someone) in the know; to
brief, prime. –– dolgunluğu knowledge picked up here and there (by
listening). ––tan dolma (knowledge) picked up here and there (by
listening). ––ları dolmak to be fed up with hearing the same thing
over and over again. ––ı düşük 1. listless, lifeless. 2. glum,
blue. ––erimi earshot. ––ına gelmek to hear. ––ına girmek to heed,
take note of; to accept as true. –– iltihabı path. ear infection.
–– kabartmak to prick up one´s ears, be all ears. ––larına kadar
kızarmak to blush/flush hotly, go beet red. ––tan kapmak /ı/ to
pick up (knowledge) here and there (by listening). ––ına kar suyu
kaçmak to hear some disquieting news. –– kepçesi anat. earlap, the
external ear. –– kesilmek to be all ears, listen attentively.
––larını kısmak (for an animal) to lay back its ears. –– kiri
earwax. ––ı kirişte olmak to be all ears. ––ına koymak/sokmak /ı,
ın/ to fill (someone) in about; to prime (someone) about. ––tan
kulağa (news traveling) on the grapevine. ––ına küpe olmak to be a
lesson to, serve as a warning to, leave a lasting impression on. ––
misafiri olmak /a/ to overhear. ––ını okşamak (for a sound or
spoken words) to delight (one). ––larının pasını gidermek (for
music) to delight (one) because one hasn´t heard its like for a
long time. ––ları paslanmak not to have heard good music for a long
time. ––ına söylemek /ı, ın/ to whisper (something) in (someone´s)
ear. ––ı tıkalı 1. hard of hearing. 2. unwilling to listen;
(person) who is not listening. –– tıkamak /a/ to pretend not to
hear; to ignore. ––larını tıkamak /a/ to shut one´s ears to, not to
listen to. –– tutmak /a/ to listen carefully (to). –– uğultusu
ringing in the ears. –– vermek /a/ to listen carefully (to). ––
yağı earwax, cerumen. –– yolu anat. auditory canal.
||colloq. ear doctor, ear specialist.
||anat. atrium, auricle.
||obs. earflap, earlap.
||,-ni moldboard, breast board (of a plow).
||1. eared; -eared. 2. cooking pot that has two handgrips. 3.
slang a dagger. –– somun wing nut (a thumbnut).
||1. earflap, earlap. 2. headphone, earphone; earpiece. 3.
||,-ni anat. ear lobe.
||1. earless. 2. handleless.
||,-nu anat. mastoid process. ––na vurmak /ın/ to box (someone)
right on the ear.
||,-nı anat. eardrum, tympanic membrane.
||vulg. pederast, lover of boys; active male homosexual.
||kulan, koulan, a wild ass (of Central Asia).
||towered; turreted. K–– Askeri Lisesi Kuleli Military High
School (in Istanbul).
||1. backstage, wings. 2. the hidden aspects of a matter. 3. curb
exchange. –– faaliyeti lobbying. –– yapmak to lobby, work behind
||/ı, a/ to make or let (somebody) use (something).
||to be used.
||1. using, use. 2. gram. usage.
||way of using, usage; use.
||useful, handy; serviceable.
||useless, unhandy; unserviceable.
||/ı/ 1. to use. 2. to drive (a car). 3. to use, take, or consume
||1. slavery, servitude. 2. worship, adoration. 3. hist. police
station. –– etmek /a/ to serve (someone) slavishly.
||,-pu 1. (rounded) handle. 2. pretext. ––unu bulmak /ın/ to find
a pretext for. –– takmak /a/ to find fault with (something,
||1. broody; brooding, setting (hen bird). 2. broody hen. 3. hen
(who has chicks); hen bird (who has young). –– devri/dönemi
incubation period (for eggs or a disease caused by a pathogen). ––
makinesi incubator. –– olmak (for a hen bird) to be broody. ––ya
oturmak/yatmak (for a hen bird) to start to set or brood; to brood,
||1. being broody; brooding, incubating. 2. nest (egg).
||newborn foal. –– atmak (for a mare or jenny) to abort.
||1. shoulder pain. 2. colic, acute abdominal pain. 3. severe
pain, cramp. –– kırmak to massage an aching place.
||1. hut; cabin; shack, shanty. 2. sentry box. 3. telephone
booth. 4. tollbooth.
||1. club, association, society. 2. clubhouse, club
||lane (in a road, running track, or racing pool).
||1. sand. 2. gravel (in the kidneys). 3. hard granules (in
fruits such as pears or quinces). –– başı sandy beach. –– fırtınası
sandstorm. –– gibi a great many. –– havuzu sandbox (for children).
––da oynamak colloq. to be left empty-handed (after having striven
for something). –– saati hourglass. –– torbası sandbag.
||1. fellow wife (in a polygamous household). 2. female
||1. (a) Cuman, (a) Kuman. 2. Cuman, Kuman.
||1. command, control, authority. 2. colloq. remote-control
device/unit. –– aygıtı/cihazı remote-control device/unit. –– etmek
/a/ to command, be in command of.
||1. commander, commanding officer, commandant. 2. high-ranking
||1. commandership. 2. command post; command headquarters.
||1. food (taken along to be eaten while traveling). 2. soldier´s
rations (eaten during a march or in the field), field rations.
||gambling. –– kâğıdı playing cards (used in gambling). –– masası
gaming table. –– oynamak 1. to gamble. 2. to embark knowingly upon
a risky enterprise. –– oyunu 1. game of chance. 2. a risky
business, a dangerous enterprise.
||addiction to gambling.
||addiction to gambling.
||gambling house, gaming house.
||cloth, fabric, material. –– mengenesi mangle.
||1. piggy bank. 2. coin box, token box (of a turnstile, pay
telephone). 3. obs., see humbara.
||obs., see humbaracı.
||dredger or seller of sand.
||1. center, source; instigator, spreader. 2. ink bottle. 3. a
jug or vase.
||sandy beach; sandy place.
||1. sandblasting. 2. roughing.
||1. sandy. 2. (fruit) whose meat has a gritty texture. 3.
(cloth) covered with woven dots, dotted.
||1. sandy. 2. sandy place.
||1. company, business concern, firm (usually foreign). 2.
theatrical company, troupe. 3. group, gang, band, bunch.
||1. print. composing stick. 2. calipers, caliper compass. 3.
caliper rule. 4. mariner´s compass. 5. slang dirty trick, piece of
skulduggery. –– kurmak slang to plot something nefarious, be up to
no good. –– sallamak slang 1. to be absentminded. 2. to consider
||1. brown (hair). 2. brown-haired (person).
||dove, turtledove. ––lar gibi sevişmek to be madly in love with
each other, be like two turtledoves. –– göğsü iridescent.
||1. sandy beach or shore. 2. sandy.
||sandiness, being sandy.
||,-nı geol. sandstone.
||1. Kumyk, Kumik, Kumuk, the Kumyk people. 2. (a) Kumyk, (a)
Kumik, (a) Kumuk. 3. Kumyk, of the Kumyk people or their
||1. Kumyk, Kumik, Kumuk, the Kumyk language. 2. (speaking,
writing) in Kumyk, Kumyk. 3. Kumyk (speech, writing); spoken in
Kumyk; written in Kumyk.
||sand dune, dune.
||1. cloths used for swaddling, swaddling clothes. 2. gunstock.
3. bundle of oily rags (used by an arsonist to start a fire). ––
bezi cloth used for swaddling. ––tan çıkmak to cease to need to be
swaddled. –– çocuğu/––taki çocuk a babe in arms. –– sokmak/koymak
1. /a/ (for an arsonist) to set fire to (a place) using a bundle of
oily rags. 2. /arasına/ to set (two people) against (each other).
3. /a/ to sabotage, wreck (a project).
||1. gunstock maker. 2. arsonist, incendiary, firebug. 3.
troublemaker, promoter of discord.
||1. arson. 2. troublemaking.
||/ı/ 1. to swaddle. 2. to mount (a rifle barrel) on a stock. 3.
to set fire to (a place) using a bundle of oily rags. 4. to
sabotage, wreck (a project). 5. to tie up (one´s hair) with a head
||1. to be swaddled. 2. to be fitted with a gunstock. 3. to be
set on fire (by an arsonist). 4. to be sabotaged, be wrecked. 5.
(for hair) to be tied up with a head scarf.
||1. seller of shoes. 2. shoemaker. 3. repairer of shoes.
||1. zool. beaver. 2. beaver, castor (fur).
||,-tu stout, strong, solid.
||1. (metal) drinking cup or vase. 2. cup (given as a prize),
loving cup. 3. playing cards (a) heart.
||coupé (horse-drawn carriage).
||rail. coupling (device for joining railroad cars).
||1. coupon. 2. piece of cloth sufficient to make one
||(a newspaper or magazine) clipping.
||1. rate of exchange. 2. course (of studies). –– farkı the
degree of change in an exchange rate.
||courting, wooing. –– yapmak /a/ to court, pay court to, try to
woo; to cozy up to.
||(abbr. for Kurmay) mil. 1. G.S.O. (general staff officer). 2.
G.S. (general staff).
||1. drawing of lots. 2. lot cast or drawn. 3. mil. conscription
based on a drawing of lots. –– çekmek to draw lots. ––sı olmak /ın/
to be among those conscripted in (a certain year).
||1. cookie, cooky, Brit. sweet biscuit, Brit. tea biscuit. 2.
savory biscuit. –– gibi (food) which is crisp and yet melts in the
||1. dry, rainless. 2. (soil) that won´t hold moisture, that
dries out quickly.
||1. (person) who sticks strictly to the rules. 2. formalistic.
3. normative, prescriptive.
||exceptional, not covered by a rule.
||becoming a rule.
||to become a rule.
||/ı/ to make (something) a rule.
||1. (something) which conforms to rules/a rule. 2. gram.
||1. (something) which does not conform to rules/a rule,
irregular. 2. gram. irregular.
||preferring to think in theoretical, rather than practical,
||(something) which lacks a theoretical basis.
||Koran, Quran. ––ı Kerim the Holy Koran.
||draft, current of air.
||frog. –– adam frogman. –– ağaca çıkınca .... When pigs learn to
fly .... –– testi frog test (for determining pregnancy).
||1. froglet, frogling. 2. path. ranula. 3. small monkey wrench.
4. handgrip (for a sash window).
||1. breast stroke. 2. shinnying up or down.
||1. sacrificial animal, sacrifice. 2. the Feast of the
Sacrifice, the Greater Bairam. 3. victim (of an accident or
disaster). 4. martyr. 5. colloq. Hey!/Hello mate! –– bayramı the
Feast of the Sacrifice, the Greater Bairam. –– eti meat from an
animal that has been ritually sacrificed. –– etmek /ı, a/ to
sacrifice (to). –– gitmek /a/ to become an innocent victim (of),
fall a prey to. –– kesmek to kill an animal as a sacrifice. ––
olayım! colloq. 1. She´s/It´s so wonderful I feel like dying for
her/it. 2. I beg you!/Please! –– olmak /a/ 1. to sacrifice oneself
for, give one´s life for. 2. to be a victim (of). –– payı meat
given to the poor from a sacrifice. –– vermek to lose some people
(through violent or unexpected death).
||sacrificial (animal). –– koyun gibi little suspecting the
disaster that awaits one.
||/ı/ 1. to try to jimmy or pry open. 2. to scratch, rub,
irritate. 3. to go into, delve into, dwell on (a matter). Kurcalama
sivilceyi çıban edersin. proverb If you make too much of a fuss
over a small problem, you´ll make it into a big problem.
||1. to be tampered with, be monkeyed with. 2. to be irritated or
scratched. 3. to be gone into, be dwelt upon.
||ribbon. ––sini kesmek /ın/ slang 1. (for a policeman) to give
(a driver) a ticket (for a traffic violation). 2. to take the wind
out of (someone´s) sails.
||,-nı red bandfish.
||path. hives, urticaria.
||,kurdurtmak /ı, a/ 1. to cause (someone) to set up or assemble
(something). 2. to cause (someone) to prepare (something). 3. to
cause (someone) to found or establish (something).
||1. castle, fortress. 2. tomb, mausoleum. 3. mound, toll.
||1. clock key; knob (for winding a watch), winder; watch key. 2.
(act of) winding. 3. mech. mounting, fitting, assembly, assembling.
4. abstract thought, speculation. 5. cin. assembly and editing (of
a film). –– yayı mainspring (of a clock or watch).
||1. mech. fitter, mounter, assembler (person). 2. cin. film
||1. mech. the job of a fitter, mounter, or assembler; mounting,
fitting, assembling. 2. cin. film editing.
||/ı/ 1. to set up, assemble, put together. 2. to set (the table)
(for a meal). 3. to pitch (a tent). 4. to wind (a clock, watch). 5.
to cock (a gun). 6. to set (a trap). 7. to prepare (a mixture) and
set it aside to pickle or ferment. 8. to establish, found; to form,
create. 9. to plot, plan (something bad). 10 to indulge in
(daydreams). 11. to resolve (to do something). 12. to ponder, dwell
on. 13. to set (one person) against another. kurup takma
assembling, putting (something) together. kurup takmak /ı/ to
assemble, fit/put together. kurduğu tuzağa kendi düşmek to fall
into one´s own trap.
||mil. 1. general staff officer. 2. general staff. –– subay
general staff officer.
||mil. being a general staff officer; the duties of a general
||marble basin (under a faucet in a bath). –– başı soygunu gibi
1. stark naked. 2. very poor.
||1. cunning, foxiness. 2. cunning action.
||1. dent. crown. 2. krone, crown. 3. krona, crown.
||1. disk. 2. astr. disk.
||course, series of lessons. –– görmek to attend a series of
lessons, take a course.
||1. crop, craw. 2. colloq. maw, stomach. 3. dried bird´s craw.
4. made of the dried membrane of a craw. ––ı boş colloq. hungry,
starving. ––ından geçmemek to have no appetite because one misses
someone who´s absent.
||1. (animal) that has a crop/craw. 2. colloq. goitrous
||1. lead. 2. bullet. 3. lead seal. –– atmak to fire a gun; to
shoot a bullet. –– boku dross of lead. ––a dizmek /ı/ to execute
(someone) by shooting him/her, send (someone) to the firing squad.
–– dökmek to melt lead and pour it into cold water over the head of
a sick person in order to break an evil spell. –– erimi range of a
rifle. –– gibi like lead, very heavy. –– suyu Goulard´s extract. ––
yağdırmak /a/ to rain bullets (on). –– yağmuruna tutmak /ı/ to rain
bullets on. –– yarası bullet wound.
||person who casts lead to counteract the evil eye.
||/ı/ 1. to lead, cover (something) with lead. 2. to seal with a
lead seal. 3. to shoot.
||1. to be leaded, be covered with lead. 2. to be sealed with a
lead seal. 3. to be shot.
||1. (something) that contains lead, leaded. 2. sealed with a
lead seal. 3. covered with lead, leaded.
||unleaded, lead-free. –– benzin unleaded gasoline.
||1. wolf. 2. shrewd person, foxy person. 3. colloq. wolf,
masher. –– dumanlı havayı sever. proverb A person who´s up to no
good loves a chaotic situation. –– gibi shrewd, foxy. –– gidişi
lope. –– kocayınca köpeğin maskarası olur. proverb When a great
person becomes old and powerless, worthless people make fun of him.
––u koyunla barıştırmak/yürütmek to bring peace and harmony to a
place. –– kuyusu pit trap, pitfall (containing a sharpened stake).
–– kuş every living, breathing thing. –– kuş yuvasına döndü.
colloq. There´s not a soul in sight. ––a, “Neden boynun/ensen
kalın?” demişler, “İşimi kendim görürüm de ondan,” demiş. proverb
Self-reliance and independence breed strength.
||worm; maggot; intestinal worm. –– dökmek to pass worms.
––larını dökmek/––unu kırmak to get rid of a desire to do something
(by doing it to one´s heart´s content). –– yapmak to give
someone/an animal worms, cause someone/an animal to be infested
with worms. –– yeniği wormhole.
||,-nı 1. naut. fairlead. 2. dovetail tenon.
||1. savior, deliverer. 2. wrecker, tow truck.
||to be saved, be rescued.
||rescue, recovery. –– gemisi naut. rescue vessel. –– ve yardım
||/ı/ 1. to save, rescue. 2. to redeem (something pawned). 3. to
recover (one´s losses in a game). 4. (for a price) to be enough to
satisfy the seller.
||wolf´s-bane, monkshood, aconite.
||,-nı a wrestling hold.
||,-ni 1. German shepherd, German police dog, Brit. Alsatian. 2.
wolf dog (offspring of a wolf and a dog).
||/ı/ to cause (an object, a food, a dead body) to become
infested with worms.
||1. (for an object, a food, a dead body) to get wormy, become
infested with worms. 2. to become agitated or impatient; to fidget.
3. to get tired of sitting in one place, go stir crazy.
||1. worm-infested, wormy (object, food, dead body). 2. fidgety.
–– baklanın kör alıcısı olur. proverb Even the most worthless
things can find a buyer.
||,-nı excuses that don´t hold water, bull. –– okumak/söylemek
/a/ to feed (someone) a lot of bull (in order to get oneself off
||1. to be rescued, be saved; to escape. 2. to give birth. 3.
(for a job) to be finished, be completed. 4. (for something) to
slip out (of), fall out (of). 5. (for an animal) to get loose,
break loose (from a restraining rope). 6. /dan/ to get shut of
(someone unpleasant); to be rid of (something or someone
||1. liberation. 2. release; escape. 3. salvation. K–– Savaşı the
Turkish War of Independence. –– yok. /dan/ There is no way to avoid
(it)./One can´t get rid of (him/her).
||1. dry; dried. 2. dead (plant). 3. emaciated, thin. 4. bare,
unadorned, unfurnished. 5. empty, hollow, vain, meaningless. 6.
dry, unfeeling, curt (utterance). 7. slang hashish, hash. –– başına
all alone. –– başına kalmak to be left without friends or
relatives, be all on one´s own. –– çeşme dry fountain. –– duvar dry
wall. –– ekmek dry bread, bread eaten with nothing else. –– erik
prune. –– fasulye 1. dried beans. 2. a dish made of stewed dried
beans. –– filtre dry filter (for an air conditioner). –– gürültü 1.
meaningless excitement, much ado about nothing. 2. bluster, empty
talk. –– hava dry air. –– havuz naut. dry dock, floating dock,
floating dry dock. –– iftira sheer calumny. –– incir dried fig. ––
kafes mere skeleton, skin and bones. –– kalabalık 1. crowd of idle
onlookers. 2. useless and worn-out things, junk. ––da kalmak naut.
(for a ship or boat) to be grounded at low tide. –– kaymak clotted
cream, Devonshire cream. –– köfte grilled meat patty. –– kuruya
uselessly, in vain. –– kuyu dry well, cesspool, sink. –– laf empty
promise(s). –– laf karın doyurmaz. proverb Empty promises don´t
fill one´s belly. –– meyve bot. nut. –– ot 1. hay. 2. dried herb.
–– öksürük dry cough. –– poğaça a flaky, savory pastry. –– sıkı 1.
blank (shot). 2. bluff, empty threat. –– sıkı atmak to utter empty
threats. –– soğuk dry cold. –– tahtada kalmak to be left without a
stick of furniture in one´s house. –– tekne hull, hulk. ––
temizleme dry cleaning. –– temizleyici dry cleaner. –– üzüm
raisins. –– vaat empty promise. ––nun yanında/arasında yaş da
yanar. proverb Sometimes the innocent suffer along with the guilty.
–– yemiş 1. dried fruit. 2. (edible) nuts. –– yemişçi seller of
dried fruit and nuts.
||1. founding. 2. founder. 3. charter member. –– meclis
constitutional assembly, constitutional convention.
||1. skull. 2. stupid person, dope. 3. death´s-head moth.
||(roasted or ground) coffee.
||seller of ground coffee or roasted coffee beans.
||/ı/ to dry, wipe dry.
||1. to be dried. 2. to dry oneself.
||1. to be founded, be established. 2. (for a watch or clock) to
be wound. 3. (for a table) to be set. 4. to swagger, show off; to
act high and mighty. 5. /a/ to get comfortably settled in; to sit
back comfortably in.
||general assembly, general meeting (of an organization).
||1. established, set up, formed. 2. /üzerine/ based on. 3.
strung (bow); wound up (clock). 4. cocked, ready to fire (gun). ––
düzen the established order, the established régime, the set way of
||1. dryness. 2. thinness, leanness.
||1. founding, establishment. 2. organization, establishment, or
institution (corporate body). 3. construction, structure. 4.
disposition, distribution (of troops).
||institution, association, society, foundation (corporate body).
–– konutu rent-free or low-rent housing (provided by an
organization for its employees).
||swagger, putting on airs; acting high and mighty. ––undan
geçilmemek for someone´s airs or stuck-up behavior to be
insufferable. –– kurum kurulmak to be exceedingly stuck-up. ––
satmak to put on airs; to show off.
||soot. –– tutmak to get full of soot.
||1. to dry, get dry. 2. (for a plant) to die. 3. (for a person)
to get weak and thin.
||to put on airs; to act high and mighty.
||to get sooty.
||to turn into an institution.
||institutionalization, turning (something) into an
||/ı/ to institutionalize, turn (something) into an
||stuck-up, conceited, self-important.
||to dry oneself.
||groundless fear, worry, or apprehension; needlessly fearing the
worst. –– etmek to worry for no good reason; to fear the worst
||anxious or apprehensive (by nature); (person) who always fears
||to worry for no good reason; to fear the worst needlessly.
||(person) who has a groundless foreboding or apprehension.
||piaster. –– kuruş/––u kuruşuna (reckoning or counting
something) down to the very last kuruş.
||/ı/ to itemize (a bill).
||worth (so many) kuruş.
||,-tu any dried, dairy product (especially dried yogurt).
||1. drying. 2. blotting. –– kâğıdı blotting paper.
||1. blotter. 2. blotting paper.
||/ı/ to dry. 2. to blot, dry with blotting paper. 3. to cause (a
plant) to die; to wither (a plant). 4. to desiccate; to
||(fruit) which dries well.
||1. drying agent. 2. drying, siccative. 3. clothes drier. 4.
||to be dried.
||crupper (harness strap). ––u düşük (person) out of favor, in
disgrace. ––u koparmak slang to get away, make tracks, beat
||1. (something) that lacks a crupper strap. 2. untidy-looking,
||/ı/ 1. to throw up, vomit. 2. (for cloth) to show the marks of
(a stain) despite cleaning; (for a fabric) to show traces of (its
original color) despite dyeing. kusacağı gelmek to feel like
vomiting, feel nauseous.
||vomit, vomited matter.
||/ı/ to make (someone) vomit.
||1. emetic. 2. (an) emetic.
||vomit, vomited matter.
||fault, defect, flaw, imperfection; shortcoming; drawback,
disadvantage. ––a bakma. colloq. I hope you´ll pardon me./Please
overlook what I´ve said/done. ––a bakmamak to pardon an
impoliteness, overlook something unpleasant, let it pass. ––
etmek/işlemek to act wrongly, behave improperly.
||1. faulty, defective, flawed, imperfect. 2. at fault, in the
||flawless, perfect. –– dost arayan dostsuz kalır. proverb
A person who looks for perfection in his friends ends up
friendless. –– güzel olmaz. proverb Even the best or the most
beautiful things have their flaws.
||1. bird. 2. slang stupid gambler. 3. slang raw, inexperienced.
4. slang penis, *pecker. ––a benzemek/dönmek (for something) to be
spoiled, be ruined, or be messed up unintentionally (usually
because of abridgment or cutting). ––a benzetmek /ı/ to spoil
(something) by trying to improve it. –– beyinli stupid,
bird-brained. –– gibi (person) light as a feather. –– gibi uçup
gitmek to die after a very short illness, go quickly, fade away
fast. –– gibi yemek to eat like a bird, eat very little. –– kadar
canı var. colloq. He is small and puny. –– kafesi gibi small and
beautiful (building). –– kanadıyla gitmek to go very fast, fly. ––
kondurmak /a/ to make or decorate (something) with great care and
skill. İnsan kuş misali. colloq. It´s amazing how fast people can
travel. –– mu konduracak? colloq. Does he think he´s going to
create a masterpiece? (said sarcastically). –– uçmaz, kervan geçmez
desolate, lonely (place). –– uçurmamak 1. not to allow anyone or
anything to escape; not to allow anyone or anything to pass through
without permission. 2. to be an alert person, be someone who´s
always on the qui vive. –– uykusu very light sleep.
||1. (cloth) belt; sash; cummerbund. 2. reinforcing band, strap
(wrapped around something). 3. construction brace (of wood or
steel). 4. generation (people born during the same period). 5.
geom. zone (of a sphere). 6. (celestial or terrestrial) zone.
||1. (act of) bracing, strengthening, or banding. 2. bracing,
system of braces.
||/ı/ 1. to band, tie up, or secure (something) (with a metal
band). 2. to brace, strengthen.
||1. of one´s generation. 2. one´s contemporary.
||being of the same generation, contemporaneity.
||anything girded round the waist.
||(for a sword, belt) to be girded on, be put on.
||/ı/ to gird on, put on (a sword, a belt).
||anything girded round the waist.
||to be surrounded; to be besieged.
||surrounding; besieging, siege.
||1. /ı, a/ to gird (someone) with (a sword); to wrap (a belt or
sash) around (someone´s waist). 2. /ı/ to surround; to
||,-nı bird´s-eye view.
||,-nı 1. (meat) cut in small chunks. 2. (snow) falling in big
flakes. 3. (cutting up meat) in small chunks. 4. (snowing) in big
||raiser, trainer, or seller of birds.
||,-nu rose hip, rose haw.
||1. raiser, trainer, or seller of birds. 2. slang pimp,
||raising, training, or selling birds.
||,-ni 1. a kind of pig Latin in which each syllable is
reduplicated with a g substituted for the consonant. 2. bot.
||,-ti berth (on a train or ship); couchette.
||,-nü pastrami made from fillet of beef.
||1. aviary. 2. small saucepan.
||,-nı European bird cherry.
||1. asparagus. 2. asparagus fern, smilax.
||suspicion; doubt. –– duymak /dan/ to suspect; to get suspicious
about; to doubt, be in doubt about.
||1. suspicious by nature, skeptical. 2. phil. skeptical,
sceptical. 3. someone who is suspicious by nature, (a) skeptic. 4.
phil. (a) skeptic, (a) sceptic.
||1. being suspicious by nature, skeptical. 2. phil. skepticism,
||/ı/ to cause (someone) to suspect, arouse (someone´s)
suspicions; /ı, dan/ to cause (someone) to be in doubt about.
||/dan/ to suspect; to get suspicious about; to doubt, be in
||1. suspicious, distrustful. 2. suspicious, arousing suspicion.
3. doubtful, unlikely.
||1. unsuspecting, trusting. 2. certainly, undoubtedly. 3.
||lack of suspicion.
||place abounding in game birds.
||slang (for a student) to study very hard, cram.
||,-nu a small, hard cookie.
||midmorning; late morning. –– yemeği midmorning snack.
||,-nü any nonexistent, unobtainable thing. ––nden başka her şey
var. colloq. There´s everything you can think of to eat. –– ile
beslemek /ı/ to nourish (someone) with the very finest of
||,-nü 1. down (feathers). 2. stuffed with down, down. –– gibi as
soft as a feather bed, very soft.
||,-nü 1. currant (a tiny, black raisin). 2. a grapevine (whose
raisin is known as a currant).
||,-ni 1. canary seed. 2. canary grass.
||,-tu 1. luck, good luck. 2. happiness.
||alarge, web-footed bird.
||1. congratulating, congratulation. 2. celebration, celebratory
ceremony. –– töreni celebration, celebratory ceremony.
||/ı/ 1. to congratulate. 2. to celebrate.
||1. to be congratulated. 2. to be celebrated.
||lucky, auspicious, blessed. –– olsun. Happy ...!: Bayramınız
kutlu olsun. Have a happy Bairam!/Have a happy holiday!
||/ı/ 1. to congratulate. 2. to celebrate.
||good fortune; blessedness.
||sacred, holy. K–– Kitap the Holy Bible, the Bible.
||to become holy; to be regarded as sacred.
||/ı/ to cause to be regarded as holy or sacred; to cause to be
||sanctification; hallowing; consecration; blessing.
||/ı/ to sanctify; to hallow; to consecrate; to bless.
||,-ti sacredness, holiness.
||religious rite, religious ceremony.
||1. box, case. 2. tin can, can, Brit. tin (for canned food). 3.
pop-top can, aluminum can: Ona bir kutu bira ver. Give her a can of
beer. –– gibi small but pleasant, cosy (house).
||maker or seller of boxes.
||,-tbu 1. (geographic, celestial, electrical, magnetic) pole. 2.
(an) expert, (an) authority.
||,-nı polar bear.
||(a compass needle´s) being attracted towards a magnetic
||(fora compass needle) to point towards a magnetic pole.
||to be polarized, be divided into opposing groups.
||,-nı astr. the North Star, Polaris.
||,-tru 1. diameter. 2. diagonal of a polygon.
||1. (ladies´) hairdresser. 2. barber.
||,-ti geol. quartzite.
||the Nationalist Forces (led by Atatürk during the Turkish War
||1. Kuwait. 2. of Kuwait, Kuwait.
||1. (a) Kuwaiti. 2. Kuwaiti (person).
||incubator (for newborn infants).
||1. mil. effective force. 2. mil. muster roll. 3. mil. strength
(the personnel on a muster roll). 4. potential, potentiality. 5.
obs., med. faculty, sense. ––den fiile çıkarmak /ı/ to put (a plan)
into action; to carry out, realize. ––den fiile çıkmak/gelmek to be
put into action. ––de olmak to be under consideration.
||,-ti 1. strength, power; force; vigor. 2. math. power. –– almak
/dan/ to be strengthened by. –– bulamamak /a/ to be unable to bring
oneself to; to lack the courage to. –– çifti mech. couple. ––ten
düşmek to weaken, lose strength. –– ilacı tonic (a medicine). ––
komutanları the commanding officers of the army, navy, and air
force. –– macunu a rich candy made with fruit and nuts (that is
supposed to be an aphrodisiac). –– vermek /a/ 1. to strengthen. 2.
to encourage, hearten. 3. to apply oneself to, give (something)
one´s close attention.
||1. by force, using force. 2. emphatically, insistently.
||/ı/ to strengthen.
||to gain in strength; to become strong or powerful.
||strong, powerful; forceful; vigorous.
||weak, feeble, without strength.
||1. tail. 2. rear end, tail end, tail (of a vehicle or
procession). 3. line, Brit. queue. 4. follower, attendant; retinue,
suite (said sarcastically). 5. train (of a dress). 6. ponytail. 7.
corner (of the eye). 8. breech (of a cannon). –– acısı desire for
vengeance; rancor. ––una basmak /ın/ to make (someone) angry, put
(someone) in a temper. ––ta beklemek to wait in line. –– çekmek /a/
to draw a line extending away from the corner of (one´s eye) (with
a cosmetic). ––u dikmek colloq. to run away; to take to one´s
heels, skedaddle. ––a girmek to join the line, Brit. get in the
queue. ––u kapana kısılmak/sıkışmak colloq. to be in a tight spot,
be in a difficult position. ––unu kısmak 1. to tuck its tail
between its legs. 2. colloq. to be cowed, tuck one´s tail. ––unu
kıstırmak /ın/ colloq. to put (someone) in an embarrassing
position, take (someone) down a peg or two, put (someone) in his
place. –– olmak to line up, form a line, Brit. queue up. ––
omurları anat. coccyges. –– sallamak 1. to wag its tail. 2. colloq.
to fawn over someone, play up to someone. ––una teneke bağlamak
/ın/ to make (someone) a laughingstock. ––u titretmek/titremek
slang to die, kick the bucket, give up the ghost.
||zool. 1. stonechat, chat. 2. whinchat, chat. 3. wheatear.
||1. tailed, having a tail. 2. prov. scorpion. –– kurbağa
tadpole. –– piyano grand piano. –– yalan big lie, whopper.
||zool. yellow wagtail.
||,-nu 1. anat. the end of the spinal column (formed by the
sacrum and coccyx). 2. tail end, tail, behind, rump. –– kemiği
anat. coccyx, os coccygis.
||tailless, without a tail.
||,-nı fat rendered from the tail of a sheep.
||1. quiet and secluded. 2. off the beaten path,
||1. well. 2. pit; deep hole. 3. (mine) shaft. –– açmak to dig a
well; to dig a pit. –– bileziği wellcurb. –– fındığı a hazelnut
that has been picked green and then buried for a time so that it
will acquire a special flavor. –– gibi 1. very deep. 2. (place)
that resembles a dark hole. ––sunu kazmak /ın/ to lay a
trap for (someone) to walk into. –– kebabı meat put in an earthen
pot and roasted in a hole in the earth.
||well digger; well driller.
||the work of a jeweler.
||shady (side of a place).
||1. north. 2. northem. K–– Kutbu the North Pole. K–– Yarıküre
the Northern Hemisphere.
||,-ni the North Sea.
||raven. ––a yavrusu Anka/şahin/güzel görünür. proverb 1. Parents
are blind to the truth when it comes to their children. 2. One is
often blind to the faults in one´s own work.
||small iron grate (set in the door of a prison cell).
||,-nı gladiolus, gladiola, gladiole.
||(small, iron, wood-burning) cookstove.
||1. lamb. 2. a small fruit that has become joined to a larger
fruit while growing. 3. slang passive male homosexual, queen. ––m
dear, honey; my dear fellow; my dear boy. –– çevirmek to roast a
lamb on a spit. –– çevirmesi lamb roasted on a spit. –– derisi
lambskin. –– dolması roast lamb stuffed with rice. –– gibi 1.
(child) who´s as good as gold. 2. sweet-tempered, mild-mannered,
gentle, meek, lamblike; inoffensive. –– kuzu without so much as a
word of protest; sweetly and docilely. –– postuna bürünmek (for a
guilty or vicious person) to act as if he´s as innocent or as
gentle as a lamb.
||,-ni baby tooth, milk tooth.
||,-ni a small chestnut (eaten raw).
||,-nı bot. sheep´s sorrel.
||1. lambing, giving birth to a lamb. 2. (crawling) on all
||1. to lamb, give birth to a lamb. 2. (for a baby) to crawl on
||to become as gentle as a lamb.
||1. pregnant (ewe). 2. (ewe) which has a lamb.
||1. lamb fold. 2. docility, gentleness, sweetness. –– kapısı
small door set in a large door, wicket door.
||,-nı an edible basidiomycetous mushroom.
||,-nı field bindweed, wild morning glory.
||1. Cuba. 2. Cuban, of Cuba.
||1. (a) Cuban. 2. Cuban (person).
||1. cubic, cubical. 2. art cubistic.
||,-ti art 1. (a) cubist. 2. cubist, cubistic.
||very small, tiny, wee.
||1. little, small. 2. young, little. 3. petty, small,
small-minded. 4. petty, minor, low-ranking. 5. miniature,
small-scale. 6. petite, dainty. K––! Hey little one! (said to a
child). –– aptes 1. the need to urinate. 2. urination. K–– Asya
Asia Minor. –– ay February. ––ten beri ever since childhood. ––
burjuva petit bourgeois. –– burjuvazi petite bourgeoisie. ––
dağları ben yarattım demek to be very conceited, be very full of
oneself. –– deli, büyük deli, beşikteki başını sallar. colloq.
There´s not a one of them that´s sane. –– düşmek to lose face, be
humiliated; to humiliate oneself. –– düşürmek /ı/ to humiliate
(someone). –– gelmek to be too small, not to fit. –– gezegen astr.
asteroid, planetoid. –– görmek /ı/ to regard (someone, something)
as inferior, not to think much of. –– göstermek/görünmek to look
younger than one is. –– harf minuscule. –– köyün büyük ağası
colloq. He really thinks he is something, but he´s only a big fish
in a very little pond! –– kurna slang the vice-chairman (of a
school discipline committee). –– mevlit ayı Rabi ll (lunar month).
–– oynamak (for a gambler) to play for small stakes. –– önerme log.
minor premise. –– parmak little finger or toe. –– su dökmek to
urinate. –– terim log. minor term.
||astr. the Little Bear, Ursa Minor.
||a sheep or goat. –– hayvanlar sheep or goats.
||anat. uvula. ––ini yutmak to be greatly surprised, be
||,-ni 1. nutmeg. 2. nutmeg tree.
||1. to grow smaller. 2. to humiliate oneself.
||used in: –– büyüklü 1. of all sizes, big and small. 2. of all
ages, young and old.
||1. smallness, littleness. 2. childhood. 3. pettiness, meanness,
||/ı/ see küçümsemek.
||1. to shrink, become small. 2. to be humiliated.
||1. making small, decreasing, diminishing. 2. humiliating,
humiliation. 3. deprecation. –– eki gram. diminutive
||/ı/ 1. to make (something) smaller; to shrink, diminish. 2. to
humiliate. 3. to deprecate; to underrate.
||derogatory, disparaging, deprecatory.
||1. rather small. 2. tiny, very little, peewee.
||1. looking down on, despising. 2. underrating, belittling,
||/ı/ 1. to look down on, despise. 2. to underrate, belittle,
||1. to be looked down on, be despised. 2. to be underrated, be
belittled, be minimized.
||mold; mildew. –– bağlamak/tutmak to get moldy, mold; to mildew.
–– kokmak to smell musty. –– kokusu musty smell.
||1. tall basket made of wicker, pannier. 2. slang buttocks,
bottom, fanny, ass.
||1. maker or seller of panniers. 2. porter (who carries goods in
||1. basketful. 2. colloq. too drunk to walk, under the table,
||1. infidels, unbelievers; polytheists. 2. colloq.
||/ı/ to cause (something) to mold or mildew.
||1. to mildew; to mold, get mold on it, get moldy. 2. to become
fusty, become fogyish, become moldy. 3. to molder away, rot (from
lack of use).
||/ı/ to cause (something) to mold or mildew.
||1. moldy; mildewy; musty. 2. fusty, fogyish, moldy. 3. jocular
moldy coin; moldy bill; moldy shekel.
||any fungus disease (affecting people, plants, or animals).
||/a/ to curse, swear (at).
||1. swearing, using profanity, cussing. 2. swearword, oath,
cuss. 3. (-frü) ungodliness, impiety, blasphemy; atheism;
polytheism. –– etmek/––ü basmak/––ü savurmak to swear, cuss.
||(for a wind to blow) softly and coolly.
||,-ffü like, equal, match, peer.
||(full-blooded) Arabian horse, Arabian.
||1. (for a lion) to roar. 2. to shout, roar, bellow (usually
||chem. sulfur, sulphur.
||geol. solfatara (place).
||,-ni flowers of sulfur.
||/ı/ to dust (something) with sulfur.
||to be dusted with sulfur.
||sulfurous, sulphurous, containing sulfur.
||ash. –– etmek /ı/ to destroy (something, everything someone
owns). –– gibi ashen (face). ––ünü (göğe) savurmak /ın/ to destroy
(something) so that no trace of it is left. –– kesilmek (for
someone´s face) to blanch, go ashen. –– olmak 1. to become ashes,
be reduced to ashes. 2. to be utterly ruined, lose all that one
owns. 3. to be worn out from grieving. –– pidesi a thin, flat bread
baked in hot ashes. –– yakısı blister made of hot ashes. –– yutmak
slang to be duped, get taken for a ride.
||,-lli the whole, all.
||1. conical hat. 2. paper cone (used as a bag). 3. (ice-cream)
cone. 4. colloq. trick. 5. spire (surmounting a minaret or tower).
Ali´nin ––ını Veli´ye, Veli´nin külahını Ali´ye giydirmek colloq.
to rob Peter to pay Paul. ––ıma anlat/dinlet! Tell me another
one!/I don´t believe a bit of it! ––ları değişmek/değiştirmek
colloq. to have a falling-out, quarrel with each other. ––
giydirmek /a/ to play a trick on. ––ını havaya atmak to be very
happy, be on cloud nine. –– kapmak to get an important job through
chicanery. ––ını önüne koyup/alıp düşünmek to think about a matter
long and hard, chew something over. –– peşinde olmak to try to gain
an important post through chicanery. –– sallamak /a/ to truckle to,
toady to. ––ını ters giydirmek /a/ 1. to make (someone) regret
something, teach (someone) a thing or two. 2. to be a real fox, be
someone one must be wary of.
||colloq. trickster, tricky character, sharpie.
||1. (person) wearing a conical hat. 2. spired.
||1. ingot (cast metal). 2. nugget, lump (of unrefined metal). 3.
bunch. –– gibi oturmak to flop down, plop down, plunk oneself down
(because of great fatigue).
||1. to harden in a lump. 2. to be exhausted, be ready to
||a pot (with a handle across its top); pail, bucket (of wood or
||,-ti 1. trouble, inconvenience, bother. 2. great expense. ––
etmek to inconvenience oneself, put oneself out.
||1. troublesome, burdensome. 2. (something) that requires great
||1. easy, untroublesome. 2. (something) that does not require
||boiler room (under a Turkish bath).
||,-ni (a) tough, (a) rowdy, hoodlum, hooligan, hood.
||stoker (working in the boiler room of a Turkish
||1. (a) tough, hoodlum, hood. 2. little dickens, little rascal,
||,-ni 1. person who always sit near the fire, person who
hates the cold. 2. supine, indolent, lethargic.
||1. covering (something) with ashes. 2. a fungus blight.
||/ı/ to cover (something) with ashes; to sprinkle (something)
||1. to be covered with ashes. 2. (for a painful memory) to fade
away; (for one´s feeling of hurt or anger) to cool down, die
||1. total, complete. 2. much, a great deal of; many,
||,-tı complete works, collected works (of an author).
||complex of buildings adjacent to a mosque.
||totally, entirely, completely.
||,-ti 1. completeness, entirety. 2. abundance.
||a lot of, a great deal of.
||(something) that contains or is mixed with ashes; ashy. –– su
lye (leached from ashes and used in laundering).
||1. ashtray. 2. ash heap, ash pile. 3. ashpan; ash can; ash
||slang lie, whopper.
||,-tu 1. (women´s) panties; (men´s) undershorts, underpants,
briefs. 2. riding breeches; jodhpurs. –– etek culottes (divided
||,-ni 1. ash-colored, ashen; gray. 2. ash gray; gray.
||,-tü 1. cult (a system of religious worship). 2. cult,
religion. 3. cult (the rites, ceremonies, and practices of a
||1. geol. rock mass. 2. ingot (cast metal). 3. nugget, lump. 4.
||cultivator; harrow (farming implement).
||1. culture (of a particular society). 2. culture, refinement,
cultivation. 3. thorough knowledge (of a particular subject). 4.
culture (of microorganisms in media).
||,-gü pickax, pick.
||colloq. dilapidated-looking, old and beat-up looking;
junky-looking; ramshackle; old and beat-up; good-for-nothing.
–– araba jalopy, rattletrap. –– marka colloq. old and beat-up
looking; dilapidated; worthless (vehicle, piece of equipment).
||,-ti large tomb with a dome-shaped or conical roof.
||1. heap, mound, pile. 2. group. 3. sports league. ––den düşmek
sports (for a team) to drop into a lower-ranking league. –– küme 1.
in heaps. 2. in groups. 3. many heaps of. 4. many groups of. ––
sağaltımı group therapy.
||,-tu cumulus cloud, cumulus.
||1. heaping up. 2. grouping. 3. cin. shooting in one sequence
all the scenes in which the same set is used.
||/ı/ 1. to heap up, pile up. 2. to group (people, things)
||/ı/ 1. to be heaped up. 2. to form a group. 3. /a/ to cluster
around (a place).
||to form groups.
||1. coop (for poultry). 2. colloq. tiny house. –– hayvanları
||shack (in the woods); rude hunting cabin.
||cumulus cloud, cumulus.
||1. fetter, hobble. 2. a wrestling hold. ––den atmak /ı/ 1. to
throw (someone) to the ground. 2. (deliberately) to cause (someone)
to trip up, cause (someone) to make a mistake, trick
||sunny side (of a place).
||,-kü (clay or cement) pipe; pipe; tile.
||1. a person´s vital statistics, brief curriculum vitae. 2.
document showing someone´s curriculum vitae. 3.
identification tag, dog tag; identification bracelet. ––si bozuk
(someone) with a black mark on his record, with a bad record, with
a checkered past. ––sini okumak /ın/ to chew (someone) out
something fierce, give (someone) what for. ––sini silmek /ın/ slang
to kick (someone) out, give (someone) the old heave-ho.
||,-pü 1. large, earthenware jar. 2. slang drunk, three sheets in
the wind. ––lere binmek to get into a towering rage, blow one´s
top. ––ünü doldurmak to feather one´s nest. –– gibi (as) fat as a
pig. ––e sıçan düşmek slang to get pregnant, get in the family way.
–– yıkamak slang to paint the town red, live it up.
||1. cube. 2. cubic. –– şeker cube sugar, lump sugar.
||1. earring. 2. dewlap, wattle. 3. pendant, prism, luster (of a
||1. earringed. 2. dewlapped; wattled.
||1. naut. rail, railing; gunwale, gunnel. 2. handrail, banister,
||1. furnished with a large, earthenware jar. 2. slang cheap,
dirty bar. 3. slang drunkard, sot, alky.
||1. rest cure. 2. cure, regimen, régime.
||1. globe, sphere. 2. globe (model of the earth). 3. the earth,
the world. –– kuşağı 1. astr. (terrestrial) zone. 2. geom. zone of
||prov. smelting furnace, smelter.
||1. globule. 2. corpuscle.
||1. shovel. 2. oar; paddle. 3. baker´s peel. –– cezası formerly,
law 1. condemnation to the galleys. 2. imprisonment with hard
labor. –– çekme sports rowing, crew. –– çekmek to row. ––/pabuç
kadar dili var. colloq. He´s as sassy/impudent as they come. ––
kemiği anat. shoulder blade, scapula. –– kürek by the shovelsful.
–– yarışı rowing competition, boat race.
||1. oarsman, rower. 2. maker or seller of oars or shovels. 3.
stoker (on a boat); fireman (of a steam locomotive).
||1. rowing, being a rower. 2. making or selling shovels or
||/ı/ to shovel up, clear (something) away with a shovel.
||spherical. –– üçgen geom. spherical triangle.
||,-kü 1. fur. 2. made of fur. 3. (a) fur, garment made of
||1. physic nut tree. 2. physic nut.
||furrier. –– dükkânı 1. furrier´s shop. 2. the place one returns
to in the end, home base, home port.
||furriery; the work of a furrier; the fur business.
||1. (someone) who is wearing a fur, befurred, furred. 2.
fur-trimmed, furred. 3. fur-bearing.
||1. podium, rostrum; pulpit. 2. (raised, throne-like) seat (from
which an imam preaches). 3. teacher´s desk. 4. professorship,
chair. –– taşı rectangular pedestal (for a statue or bust).
||1. (a) Kurd. 2. Kurdish, of or pertaining to the Kurds or their
language. ––ün yağı çok olunca, hem yer, hem yüzüne sürer. proverb
Some people don´t have any idea of thrift.
||1. abortion. 2. curetting, curettage. –– olmak to have an
||1. Kurdish, the Kurdish language. 2. (speaking, writing) in
Kurdish, Kurdish. 3. Kurdish (speech, writing); spoken in Kurdish;
written in Kurdish.
||prov. 1. (a large) packsaddle. 2. snowdrift; drifted snow.
||/ı/ to shovel up, clear (something) away with a shovel.
||child´s language sullen, mad, put out, peeved.
||sullenly, angrily, peevishly, resentfully.
||1. easily offended, touchy. 2. sensitive plant.
||1. long, pointed bar; crowbar. 2. poker (for a fire).
||1. disgruntled, offended, put out, peeved. 2. sensitive plant.
3. (plant) that won´t grow properly.
||,-tü dodder, lovevine.
||1. stiff as a board. 2. dead drunk, blind drunk, stinking
drunk, stinko. 3. very, dead, blind, stinking (drunk).
||1. /a/ to be put out (with), be offended (by), be mad (at). 2.
(for a plant) to refuse to grow properly. 3. (for something) not to
develop as it should.
||1. bagasse; residue, pulp (of crushed fruits or seeds). 2. oil
||insolently, in an insolent manner.
||to start behaving insolently.
||insolence; effrontery. –– etmek to behave insolently.
||1. a carpenter´s plane. 2. a hard stone from which a millstone
is cut. 3. grindstone.
||,-nu sensitive plant.
||/ı/ to offend.
||1. (a) remainder, what´s left over. 2. -odd, and a bit, and
then some: on bin küsur lira ten thousand-odd liras.
||,-tı the remainder, what´s left over.
||to get cross with each other, get on bad terms with each
||,-tü 1. stubby, short and thick. 2. blunt, dull. –– diye with a
thud, with a thump, with a clonk.
||(knocking, banging) sharply, with force; resoundingly;
(beating) thuddingly. –– etmek (for one´s heart) to pound.
||1. mass, large block or chunk. 2. phys. mass. 3. crowd of
||to get dull, get blunt.
||/ı/ to pound on sharply, knock on or bang on resoundingly.
||prov. unginned cotton.
||with a thud, with a clonk.
||1. trunk (of a tree). 2. stump, stub (of a tree or bush). 3.
log. 4. chopping block. 5. ledger, register. –– gibi 1. greatly
swollen, all swollen up. 2. dead drunk, blind drunk, stinking
||cartridge pouch; cartridge belt.
||1. library. 2. bookcase. 3. bookshop.
||1. the work of a librarian, librarianship. 2. library
||1. crunchingly, with a crunching sound. 2. firm and crunchy
||1. to make a crunching sound, crunch. 2. to snap, crack (when
||/ı/ 1. to crunch. 2. to snap, crack, make (something) snap or
||1. crunch, crunching sound. 2. crack, snap, cracking or
||,-ti 1. bathtub. 2. (any small, shallow) basin or pan. 3.
developing tray. 4. bedpan.
||incubator (for premature infants).